git stash -> merge stashed change with current changes

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I made some changes to my branch and realized I forgot I had stashed some other necessary changes to said branch. What I want is a way to merge my stashed changes with the current changes.

Is there a way to do this?

Its more for convenience, I eventually gave up and committed first my current changes, then my stashed changes, but I would have preferred to get them in with one fell swoop.

I just discovered that if your uncommitted changes are added to the index (i.e. "staged", using git add ...), then git stash apply (and, presumably, git stash pop) will actually do a proper merge. If there are no conflicts, you're golden. If not, resolve them as usual with git mergetool, or manually with an editor.

To be clear, this is the process I'm talking about:

mkdir test-repo && cd test-repo && git init
echo test > test.txt
git add test.txt && git commit -m "Initial version"

# here's the interesting part:

# make a local change and stash it:
echo test2 > test.txt
git stash

# make a different local change:
echo test3 > test.txt

# try to apply the previous changes:
git stash apply
# git complains "Cannot apply to a dirty working tree, please stage your changes"

# add "test3" changes to the index, then re-try the stash:
git add test.txt
git stash apply
# git says: "Auto-merging test.txt"
# git says: "CONFLICT (content): Merge conflict in test.txt"

... which is probably what you're looking for.


Run git add first.

Stashing and Cleaning, Stash is just a convenience method. Since branches are so cheap and easy to manage in git, I personally almost always prefer creating a new� Git stash temporarily shelves or stashes changes made to your working copy so you can work on something else, and come back and re-apply them later on.

Running git stash pop or git stash apply is essentially a merge. You shouldn't have needed to commit your current changes unless the files changed in the stash are also changed in the working copy, in which case you would've seen this error message:

error: Your local changes to the following files would be overwritten by merge:
Please, commit your changes or stash them before you can merge.

In that case, you can't apply the stash to your current changes in one step. You can commit the changes, apply the stash, commit again, and squash those two commits using git rebase if you really don't want two commits, but that may be more trouble that it's worth.

git stash, In Git, the stash operation takes your modified tracked files, stages changes, and saves them on a stack of unfinished changes that you can reapply at any time. [� [jerry@CentOS project]$ git stash list stash@{0}: WIP on master: e86f062 Added my_strcpy function Suppose you have resolved the customer escalation and you are back on your new feature looking for your half-done code, just execute the git stash pop command, to remove the changes from the stack and place them in the current working directory.

What I want is a way to merge my stashed changes with the current changes

Here is another option to do it:

git stash show -p|git apply
git stash drop

git stash show -p will show the patch of last saved stash. git apply will apply it. After the merge is done, merged stash can be dropped with git stash drop.

What is the intended use-case for git stash?, The "git stash" command can help you to (temporarily but safely) store your uncommitted local changes - and leave you with a clean working copy. Git stash is a built-in command with the distributed version control tool in Git that locally stores all the most recent changes in a workspace and resets the state of the workspace to the prior commit state.

The way I do this is to git add this first then git stash apply <stash code>. It's the most simple way.

Git - Stash Operation, Use git stash when you want to record the current state of the working directory and the index, but want to go back to a clean working directory. The command� $ git stash save. This will stash all tracked files. In order to move all files, tracked or untracked, we need to use the following command, $ git stash -u. Note:-Tracked files are those files that have either been added to index or committed. To see list of such files, run the command $ git ls-files . Apply the stash

As suggested by @Brandan, here's what I needed to do to get around

error: Your local changes to the following files would be overwritten by merge:
Please, commit your changes or stash them before you can merge.

Follow this process:

git status  # local changes to `file`
git stash list  # further changes to `file` we want to merge
git commit -m "WIP" file
git stash pop
git commit -m "WIP2" file
git rebase -i HEAD^^  # I always use interactive rebase -- I'm sure you could do this in a single command with the simplicity of this process -- basically squash HEAD into HEAD^
# mark the second commit to squash into the first using your EDITOR
git reset HEAD^

And you'll be left with fully merged local changes to file, ready to do further work/cleanup or make a single good commit. Or, if you know the merged contents of file will be correct, you could write a fitting message and skip git reset HEAD^.

git stash, git stash save “Your stash message”. The above command stashes with a message. We will see how this is helpful in a bit. Stashing untracked� Git has an area called the stash where you can temporarily store a snapshot of your changes without committing them to the repository. It’s separate from the working directory, the staging area, or the repository.

How to use Git Stash, git stash list --all. If your git stash history is long, you can choose to view an arbitrary number of the most recent entries by providing a number an option. git stash list -3 Git stash list date ranges. If you want to search the git stash history based on a date range, you can use the git stash list –before and –after options

Useful tricks you might not know about Git stash, Often, when you’ve been working on part of your project, things are in a messy state and you want to switch branches for a bit to work on something else. The problem is, you don’t want to do a commit of half-done work just so you can get back to this point later. The answer to this issue is the git stash command.

Most of the git users use stash in order to gain the ability to work simultaneously on multiple branches. git stash is the basic way to accomplish it since git stash saves our work in a separate zone named stash. We then can checkout the code at any given time for any given branch.

  • Probably duplicate of
  • joshua's answer should be the accepted answer. This stackoverflow post is the first google link for this question, give the right answer to the internet!
  • Such a hack, but hey, it works and seems to be the only way to do this. I wish there was git stash apply --force or something.
  • Actually, it isn't a hack - it's an improvement over what you want, since you can easily revert to the changes in the index.
  • Wow, is this behaviour really intended by git ?
  • I don’t think there is anything ever "intended" by git. My hunch is by now that anything git does it does so by chance.
  • This is the perfect solution. I just did git add ., git stash apply, then git reset to apply the stash to my working changes and merge without having to make commits.
  • I did get that message - the changes don't conflict but share the same files, any around using stashes/apply's?
  • Sorry, that's what I meant by "merge conflicts", but that was poor word choice. I think that error message is pretty final: if the files changed in the working copy are also changed in the stash, you can't apply the stash. I've updated my answer with a possible workaround.
  • I wouldn't consider this an answer in all cases. You might have stashed only part of a set of changes in a specific file because you wanted to test something out while developing. And you might not want to commit the current content of the file at this point in time (or not at all) as it's WIP. It's a real issue with git that stashed changes cannot be merged into your current branch
  • Joshua Warner's answer should be the one marked as correct. To merge a stash, stage your changes, apply the stash, deal with any conflicts, and then (if desired) unstage your changes.
  • "You can commit the changes, apply the stash, commit again, and squash those two commits using git rebase if you really don't want two commits, but that may be more trouble that it's worth." Instead of this you could do: Commit the changes, apply the stash, and then git commit --amend.
  • Thanks for this--I don't know why git stash pop doesn't just do this in cases where the merge cleanly applies...