"gpg: signing failed: Inappropriate ioctl for device" on MacOS with Maven

I have installed GPG via Homebrew with brew install gpg. It is installed in version 2.2.17.

In my Maven POM I have this snippet:


However when running mvn clean verify I get this error:

gpg: Beglaubigung fehlgeschlagen: Inappropriate ioctl for device
gpg: signing failed: Inappropriate ioctl for device

How can I fix this error?

I have added

export GPG_TTY

to my ~/.bash_profile file. Now it is working.

See also https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-core/issues/14737#issuecomment-309848851

On MacOS you may want to have GUI window to enter pin for GPG that also allows to store pin in keychain and automatically use it. For that pinentry-mac tool can be used.

You can install it though Homebrew:

brew install pinentry-mac

And add this line to your ~/.gnupg/gpg-agent.conf config (create it if it doesn't exists):

pinentry-program /usr/local/bin/pinentry-mac

For me, this happened because the terminal window wasn't big enough to fit the passphrase TUI. Once I opened a bigger terminal tab and then I rerun the gpg command, I was able to see the passphrase terminal user interface.

Try this

gpg --use-agent --armor --detach-sign --output $(mktemp) pom.xml

  • Try running maven with the -X argument to find the gpg command line that's actually executed.
  • @JimmyB Unfortunately there ain't any gpg commands print when using -X.
  • It works once killall gpg-agent has been ran after applying your proposal.
  • Thanks so much! This is probably the better way, not sure why this doesn't have more upvotes.