reading in a file from ubuntu (AWS EC2) on local machine?
copy file from amazon ec2 to local
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copy local file to amazon workspace
transfer files from windows to ec2 linux instance
local machine to ec2
download file from ec2 instance to local
I have a python script which I'm running on AWS (EC2 instance with Ubuntu). This python script outputs a JSON file daily, to a directory in /home/ubuntu:
with open("/home/ubuntu/bandsintown/sf_events.json", "w") as writeJSON: file_str = json.dumps(allEvents, sort_keys=True) file_str = "var sf_events = " + file_str
In other words, I'd like to read in the JSON that I've created in the cloud, to a file that exists on my local machine. Should I output the JSON somewhere other than home/ubuntu? Or, can my local file somehow recognize /home/ubuntu as a file location?
Thanks in advance.
The problem occurs because the file does not exist on your local machine, only on the running EC2 instance.
A possible solution is to upload the JSON file from EC2 instance to S3 and afterward download the JSON file to your local machine
First, install the AWS CLI toolkit on running EC2 instance AWS CLI and run the following commands in the terminal
aws configure aws s3 cp /home/ubuntu/bandsintown/sf_events.json s3://mybucket/sf_events.json
Or install Python AWS SDK boto3 and upload it via python
s3 = boto3.resource('s3') def upload_file_to_s3(s3_path, local_path): bucket = s3_path.split('/') #bucket is always second as paths are S3://bucket/.././ file_path = '/'.join(s3_path.split('/')[3:]) response = s3.Object(bucket, file_path).upload_file(local_path) return response s3_path = "s3://mybucket/sf_events.json" local_path = "/home/ubuntu/bandsintown/sf_events.json" upload_file_to_s3(s3_path, local_path)
Then on your local machine download file from s3 via AWS CLI
aws configure aws s3 cp s3://mybucket/sf_events.json /home/ubuntu/bandsintown/sf_events.json
Or if you prefer python SDK:
s3 = boto3.resource('s3') def download_file_from_s3(s3_path, local_path): bucket = s3_path.split('/') #bucket is always second as paths are S3://bucket/.././ file_path = '/'.join(s3_path.split('/')[3:]) filename = os.path.basename(s3_path) s3.Object(bucket, file_path).download_file(local_file_path) s3_path = "s3://mybucket/sf_events.json" local_path = "/home/ubuntu/bandsintown/sf_events.json" download_file_from_s3(s3_path, local_path)
Files exchanging between AWS EC2 and your local machine, Files exchanging between AWS EC2 and your local machine. Sikandar Khan Run the following command so that only the root user can read the file. You can use this tool in a Terminal on a Unix/Linux/Mac system. To use� Files exchanging between AWS EC2 and your local machine. Run the following command so that only the root user can read the file. the user name is ec2-user or root. For Ubuntu, the user
You can use aws S3
You can run one python script on your instance which uploads the json file to s3 whenever the json gets generated and another python script on local machine where you can use (script for sqs queue and s3 download configuration) or (script which downloads the latest file uploaded to s3 bucket).
Whenever the json file gets uploaded to S3 you will get message in the sqs queue that the file has been uploaded to s3 and then the file gets downloaded to your local machine.
Whenever the json file gets uploaded to s3, you can run the download script which downloads the latest json file.
import boto3 import os import socket def upload_files(path): session = boto3.Session( aws_access_key_id='your access key id', aws_secret_access_key='your secret key id', region_name='region' ) s3 = session.resource('s3') bucket = s3.Bucket('bucket name') for subdir, dirs, files in os.walk(path): for file in files: full_path = os.path.join(subdir, file) print(full_path[len(path)+0:]) with open(full_path, 'rb') as data: bucket.put_object(Key=full_path[len(path)+0:], Body=data) if __name__ == "__main__": upload_files('your pathwhich in your case is (/home/ubuntu/)')
your other script on local machine:
download1.py with sqs queue
import boto3 import logzero from logzero import logger s3_resource = boto3.resource('s3') sqs_client=boto3.client('sqs') ### Queue URL queue_url = 'queue url' ### aws s3 bucket bucketName = "your bucket-name" ### Receive the message from SQS queue response_message = sqs_client.receive_message( QueueUrl=queue_url, MaxNumberOfMessages=1, MessageAttributeNames=[ 'All' ], ) message=response_message['Messages'] receipt_handle = message['ReceiptHandle'] messageid=message['MessageId'] filename=message['Body'] try: s3_resource.Bucket(bucketName).download_file(filename,filename) except botocore.exceptions.ClientError as e: if e.response['Error']['Code']=='404': logger.info("The object does not exist.") else: raise logger.info("File Downloaded")
download2.py with latest file downloading from s3:
import boto3 ### S3 connection s3_resource = boto3.resource('s3') s3_client = boto3.client('s3') bucketName = 'your bucket-name' response = s3_client.list_objects_v2(Bucket=bucketName) all = response['Contents'] latest = max(all, key=lambda x: x['LastModified']) s3 = boto3.resource('s3') key=latest['Key'] print("downloading file") s3_resource.Bucket(bucketName).download_file(key,key) print("file download")
Transferring Files between your laptop and Amazon instance , For linux/Unix/Mac system, we can use a command-line tool “scp” to transfer files system. To upload a file from your laptop to Amazon instance: You can drag and drop to transfer the files between the remote machine and your local laptop. For example, to transfer the SampleFile.txt file from your EC2 instance back to the home directory on your local computer as SampleFile2.txt, use one of the following commands on your local computer. (Public DNS) To transfer a file using your instance's public DNS name, enter the following command.
You basically need to copy a file from remote machine to your local one. The most simple way is to use
scp. In the following example it just copies to your current directory. If you are on Windows, open PowerShell, if you are on Linux ,
scp should be installed already.
scp <username>@<your ec2 instance host or IP>:/home/ubuntu/bandsintown/sf_events.json ./
Run the command, enter your password, done. The same way you are using
ssh to connect to your remote machine. (I believe your username would be
More advanced method would be mounting your remote directory via SSHFS. It is a little cumbersome to set up, but then you will have instant access to the remote files as if they were local.
And if you want to do it pragramatically from Python, see this question.
How to Move files in and out of an AWS EC2 Instance – Windows , You can transfer files into and out of a Linux EC2 instance from a local computer running Windows by either of these methods: WinSCP provides a graphical� You can transfer files into and out of a Linux EC2 instance from a local computer running Windows by either of these methods: WinSCP provides a graphical user interface (GUI) that allows you to drag and drop files between your local computer and your AWS instance. This is similar to using Windows File Explorer.
Copying files from local to EC2
Your private key must not be publicly visible. Run the following command so that only the root user can read the file.
chmod 400 yourPublicKeyFile.pem
To copy files between your computer and your instance you can use an FTP service like FileZilla or the command scp. "scp" means "secure copy", which can copy files between computers on a network. You can use this tool in a Terminal on a Unix/Linux/Mac system.
To use scp with a key pair use the following command:
scp -i /directory/to/abc.pem /your/local/file/to/copy email@example.com:path/to/file
You need to specify the correct Linux user. From Amazon: For Amazon Linux, the user name is ec2-user. For RHEL, the user name is ec2-user or root. For Ubuntu, the user name is ubuntu or root. For Centos, the user name is centos. For Fedora, the user name is ec2-user. For SUSE, the user name is ec2-user or root. Otherwise, if ec2-user and root don’t work, check with your AMI provider. To use it without a key pair, just omit the flag -i and type in the password of the user when prompted.
Note: You need to make sure that the user "user" has the permission to write in the target directory. In this example, if ~/path/to/file was created by user "user", it should be fine. Copying files from EC2 to local To use scp with a key pair use the following command:
scp -i /directory/to/abc.pem firstname.lastname@example.org:path/to/file /your/local/directory/files/to/download
Reference: Screenshot from terminal
Hack 1: While downloading file from EC2, download folder by archiving it.
zip -r squash.zip /your/ec2/directory/
Hack 2 : You can download all archived files from ec2 to just by below command.
scp -i /directory/to/abc.pem email@example.com:~/* /your/local/directory/files/to/download
Download/Save files from EC2, 10 units of read capacity for Amazon DynamoDB. How do I download this file from the AMI to a local hard drive OR I thought your original question was about transferring files from your EC2 instance to your local computer directly. for working with any Linux server on a cloud or in a local network. Connect to EC2 Instance from Linux/Mac machines. From your Linux/Mac machine you can simply open your terminal window, use the ssh command to connect to the instance. You specify the private key (.pem) file, the user name for your AMI (in this case it is ubuntu), and the public DNS name for your instance or your Elastic IP address.
Have you thought about using EFS for this? You can mount EFS on ec2 as well as on your local machine over a VPN or a direct connect? Can you not save the file on EFS so both sources can access it?
Hope this helps.
Connecting to your Linux instance using SSH, to transfer files between your local computer and a Linux instance� You can keep all of your profile settings in a single file as the AWS CLI can read credentials from the config file. If there are credentials in both files for a profile sharing the same name, the keys in the credentials file take precedence.
Copy file from EC2 instance to my local machine., I have a fie in my Linux Instance and I want to copy that file from my EC2 instance to my local machine how to do that? I am trying to launch an ec2 instance using aws-cli and i want to copy my code from a s3 bucket. How to read a file from one ec2 instance make some changes and save in another ec2� Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web service that provides secure, resizable compute capacity in the cloud. It is designed to make web-scale cloud computing easier for developers. Amazon EC2’s simple web service interface allows you to obtain and configure capacity with minimal friction.
Downloading a file from EC2 Linux instance to local computer , But i am getting an error. So, what could be the issue? aws-ec2 � amazon-web- services � files � amazon-ec2� Open the Putty software, select the SSH option and enter the username ubuntu@ followed by the IP address of the AWS virtual machine. In our example, we used firstname.lastname@example.org. Access the SSH authentication tab, click on the Browse button, locate the PPK file and click on the Open button.
Setting Up AWS EC2 Instance for Beginners, If you are working on a big data machine learning project, most likely you require the Jan 13, 2019 � 5 min read I recommend this Ubuntu Deep Learning AMI for starters. Your key will be downloaded to your computer as a .pem file. window should show a prompt welcoming you to the instance's virtual environment. Uploading and downloading files in AWS instance can be done using Filezilla client or Linux scp command. If you are a windows user, you can use WinSCP for transferring files to your EC2 instance. In this tutorial, I will explain how you can transfer files to AWS instances using the following methods. Copy Files Using Filezilla Client (GUI Based).