What does the Web.Config file do in the views folder of a MVC project

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I'm having some problems with deploying my application and while troubleshooting, I came across the Web.Config file in the Views folder. In an attempt to narrow down the possibilities of sources to my problem, I tried to find out the purpose of that ~Web.Config` file but can't really find much information.

So basically my questions are:

  1. What does the Web.config file do in the Views folder of a MVC project?
  2. Is it required?

In Asp.Net webforms, I believe that to use a separate web.config file in a folder, that folder has to be set as a virtual folder in IIS. Is this the case in MVC (i.e. does the Views folder need to be configured as a virtual folder)?

No, you do not need to configure a virtual folder because of this extra web.config file.

The web.config file exists in the Views folders to prevent access to your views by any means other than your controller. In the MVC design pattern, controllers are supposed to route requests and return a rendered view to the calling client.

In other words, your view at www.mydomain.com/MySuperController/AwesomeAction1/SweetPage.aspx should not be directly accessible.

If you peek at the web.config file it actually registers the HttpNotFoundHandler to all paths and verbs:

<add path="*" verb="*" type="System.Web.HttpNotFoundHandler"/>

Or, in IIS 7 it might look like

<add name="BlockViewHandler" path="*.aspx" verb="*" 
    preCondition="integratedMode" type="System.Web.HttpNotFoundHandler"/>

Setting Web.Config file for MVC project, Hello! I had just a little question. I create an empty MVC 2 web site and in the Views folder there is a "web.config" file why? why in "Views" folder  The web.config file exists in the Views folders to prevent access to your views by any means other than your controller. In the MVC design pattern, controllers are supposed to route requests and return a rendered view to the calling client. That means localhost9999://Home/Index.cshtml should not be directly accessible.

It configures the compiler for the views such as importing namespaces and makes the views folder return a 404.

web.config in Views folder? Why?, config file in the Views folder of my MVC application?". Even ASP.NET Core projects require a Web.config file (generated on publish) and you can  The Web.config file must contain only entries for configuration items that override the settings in the Machine.config file. At a minimum, the Web.config file must have the <configuration> element and the <system.web> element.

The web.config file in the views folder is to do some specialized settings you want to apply to pages inside the view folder.

Like config settings like: connection string / appsettings etc.

but that will be applicable to only that folder and rest of the project will pick up the settings from web.config present at the root.

Specially when you use concept of area there will be separate folder for each area containing separate web.cfg file where you can apply separate settings for each area.

Web.config location element demystified, In the root of the Views folder in the project folder. Studio you will observe that creation process will add two web.config files to your project. Web.Config transformation is a great way to manage configurations in various environments. By using this feature, we can change the configuration settings (like app settings, DB setting, mail setting and others) very easily within our Web.config file when a web application or a website.

That's if you want to override something mentioned in the upper web.config, i.e. if you want to customize something within the scope of the Views folder.

Tale of two web.config in MVC, App_Data folder can contain application data files like LocalDB, .mdf files, xml files and Typically, these would be config files like AuthConfig.cs, BundleConfig.cs, FilterConfig.cs, RouteConfig.cs etc. Views folder includes separate folder for each controllers. Web.config file contains application level configurations. The namespace needs to be added to the web.config file in your Views folder, not the root project's web.config. This will import the namespace for all cshtml files in that views folder only. If your project has MVC areas, each area will have its own Views folder and a separate views web.config file.

MVC Folder Structure, I'm working on an MVC application and in a particular section of the website I So instead I added the data in the web.config file saved in the views folder. I do know that they need config specs from the web.config file for Razor to build them. Enabling request validation in view pages would cause validation to occur  MVC 5 includes javascript files for bootstrap, jquery 1.10 and modernizer by default. Scripts Folder Views. Views folder contains html files for the application. Typically view file is a .cshtml file where you write html and C# or VB.NET code. Views folder includes separate folder for each controllers. For example, all the .cshtml files, which

Accessing data from web.config (in views folder), I would like to share what I have understood about working with more than one to have different Web.config files for sub-folders in the application root folder. Answered March 16, 2017 · Author has 158 answers and 328.9K answer views. For example, all the .cshtml files, which will be rendered by HomeController will be in View > Home folder.Shared folder under View folder contains all the views which will be shared among different controllers e.g. layout files. Additionally, MVC project also includes following configuration files: Global.asax

Why do we need two web.config files in one web application?, You can change the ASP.NET configuration settings for a single application if you create a Web.config file in the root folder of the application. In this article, we discussed the ASP.NET MVC Folder and File structure. Once you understand the need and use of each folder and file of an MVC application, it is easy for you to find, store, and organize the project related files.

Comments
  • There are no "stupid" questions
  • Never be afraid to ask "stupid" questions. If you don't know the answer then its not "stupid". Nothing "stupid" about getting a better understanding of something.
  • SO is known for dousing users in napalm for asking questions...
  • But the generated web.config contains a huge amount of other text - that's all redundant?