Why can't I import AndroidJUnit4 and ActivityTestRule into my unit test class?

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I'm having trouble importing some of the Android UI testing framework classes - I just can't figure out what is going wrong!

This is my class:

public class ExampleUnitTest {

public ActivityTestRule<MainActivity> mActivityRule = new ActivityTestRule(MainActivity.class);

public void listGoesOverTheFold() {
    onView(withText("Hello world!")).check(matches(isDisplayed()));

But for some reason I get the errors 'cannot find symbol ActivityTestRule' and 'cannot find symbol AndroidJUnit4'. I've tried to import them but they cannot be found.

The dependencies in build.gradle are set to:

compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.4.0'
androidTestCompile 'com.android.support:support-annotations:23.4.0'

androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test:runner:0.4'
androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test:rules:0.4'
androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:2.2.1'
androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test.uiautomator:uiautomator-v18:2.1.2'

So I think I have all the dependencies setup - I've been trying many things but with no luck.

Anyone have any ideas?

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Add these in the newer version:

androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:rules:1.0.2'
androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:runner:1.0.2'

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If you migrated to AndroidX, use this:

androidTestImplementation 'androidx.test:rules:1.1.1'
androidTestImplementation 'androidx.test:runner:1.1.1'

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androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:rules:1.0.2'

solves problem, but don't forget to sync the project with gradle files. Only then the changes will take effect.

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need this add dependencies

 testCompile 'com.android.support.test:rules:0.5'
 testCompile 'com.android.support.test:runner:0.5'

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  • What directory is your test class in - test/java or androidTest/java?
  • It's under test/java
  • What if my test is in androidTest/java, and I'm having this problem?
  • Thanks, that's solved it! I didn't realise there was a difference between test/java and androidTest/java
  • Make sure you also TestImplement 'com.android.support.test:rules:1.0.2'
  • 'com.android.support.test:rules:0.5' and 'com.android.support.test:runner:0.5' are for androidTest, not test. so it should be androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test:rules:0.5' androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test:runner:0.5'
  • androidTestImplementation form Android Studio 3.x on