Unexpected output from Object.assign

So I got a little surprised by:

Object.assign({}, Math)

Which returned an empty object. I was doing this to set up my own math module, that I could extend with my own custom functionality, so I thought it would be convenient to do:

Object.assign({}, Math, { 
  sqrt: <my-sqrt-implementation>, 
  add: <my-add-implementation >,

But I was surprised to find that the math entries were not included, why is that? In my console I get:

Object.assign({}, Math)
> {}

What went wrong, and how can this be fixed?

The properties of Math are not enumerable. Object.assign will copy only enumerable and own properties:

The Object.assign() method only copies enumerable and own properties from a source object to a target object. It uses [[Get]] on the source and [[Set]] on the target, so it will invoke getters and setters. Therefore it assigns properties versus just copying or defining new properties. This may make it unsuitable for merging new properties into a prototype if the merge sources contain getters. For copying property definitions, including their enumerability, into prototypes Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptor() and Object.defineProperty() should be used instead.

Thus you should follow the suggestion, and use Object.getOwnPropertyNames(Math) to get a list of own property names, then Object.defineProperty() to assign them:

const props = Object.getOwnPropertyNames(Math)
const myMath = {}
props.forEach(prop => {
    Object.defineProperty(myMath, prop, Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptor(Math, prop))

myMath.sin(3.14)  // 0.00159265...

Of course, it is probably better to use prototypical inheritance (Object.create) here. I provide this code because it more closely matches the behavior of Object.assign, i.e. assignment.

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From : https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Object/assign

The Object.assign() method only copies enumerable and own properties from a source object to a target object

Math properties aren't enumerable or own.


How can this be fixed?

Use Object.create e.g.

var MyMath = Object.create(Math);
MyMath.sqrt = function () {

Object.assign(), The Object.assign() method copies all enumerable own properties from one or more source objects expected output: Object { a: 1, b: 4, c: 5 }. 😉 Material-UI also uses Object.assign, so I won't try to remove it. I'm glad that you found a solution, might be useful for other people having the same problem. I'm glad that you found a solution, might be useful for other people having the same problem.

The properties and methods under the Math object are set up as non-iterable. When Object.assign tries to copy them, they don't show up.

If you add your own property to the Math object, you'll see it is found and copied over.

Object.create, on the other hand, should do what you want.

// You shouldn't ever really do this.
Math.testProperty = true;
var myMath = Object.assign({}, Math);


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  • I believe the Math properties are own (e.g., Math.hasOwnProperty('abs') is true). You are correct that they are not enumerable.
  • If this is the case, then something like var myMath = Object.assign(Object.create(Math), {...myMethods}) should work then. But its not working in my console.