Map values to viridis colours in r

viridis color palette hex
r color palette
r viridis colormap
r colorblind palette
viridis color ramps
magma color palette
scale_fill_manual viridis
magma r

How do I create a colour scale function in r with a pre-defined scale (like viridis from library("viridis")?

The question is not how to use it within ggplot, but how to build a function I can feed arbitrary values within the specified value domain to and retrieve the according colour strings (rgb, hex or any other output format) from.

colorRamp and colorRampPalette seem to interpolate only between 2 colours within a given colour space. But how would I go about this with viridis for example?


Thanks to @sconfluentus' answer I wrote the following function that does what I want (w/o safety checks):


number_vector <- c(0.772, 1.235, 5.78, 8.890, 10.543, 14.702)

map_viridis <- function(vec, num) {

  vector_expanded <-round(vec, 1) * 10 # expand to allow for decimal precision
  vector_exp_range <- max(vector_expanded) - min(vector_expanded)

  colour_vector <- viridis(vector_exp_range + 1) # get vector of colour values for all possible decimals between min and max value
  value_to_colour <- colour_vector[num * 10 - min(vector_expanded) + 1] # retrieve colour value for number



map_viridis(number_vector, 0.8) # returns "#440154FF"
map_viridis(number_vector, 3.4) # returns "#424086FF"
map_viridis(number_vector, 14.7) # returns "#FDE725FF"

Just wondering if there's not a more direct way to achieve this result?

Viridis itself is capable creating the values you are looking for provided you use it correctly in your own function and you know how many arbitrary values will be created.

 [1] "#440154FF" "#482173FF" "#433E85FF" "#38598CFF" "#2D708EFF" "#25858EFF" "#1E9B8AFF"
 [8] "#2BB07FFF" "#51C56AFF" "#85D54AFF" "#C2DF23FF" "#FDE725FF"

So you could create a function which takes your domain, calculates the length of values in it and then creates a series of colors for each manipulating your data any way you choose. The basis for it would be like this

num_vals=length(x) # substitute nrow  for length if you have rows instead of a list
col_pal = viridis(num_vals)

As long as the set is ordered then you can simply use data[1] and col_pal[1] to associate them in pairs..or you could create a list of pairs and colors depending on how you choose to substitute them into your function.

or you could create a ramp with colorRampPalette as such

map_colors<-colorRampPalette(viridis(12)) # this would create 12 viridis colors

The viridis color palettes, library(ggplot2) ggplot(data.frame(x = rnorm(10000), The viridis package brings to R color scales created by Stéfan van der Walt and Nathaniel Here the “magma” scale is used for a cloropleth map of U.S. unemployment:. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.

You can use library(colourvalues) (on CRAN 1st October 2018) to assign colours to values. The default palette is viridis.

number_vector <- c(0.772, 1.235, 5.78, 8.890, 10.543, 14.702)

# [1] "#440154FF" "#470E60FF" "#2E6E8EFF" "#20A486FF" "#44BF70FF" "#FDE725FF"

[PDF] viridis, Description Implementation of the 'viridis' - the default -, 'magma', 'plasma',. '​inferno', and 'cividis' color maps for 'R'. 'cividis', was developed by Jamie R. containing the original RGB values of the default Matplotlib color map ('viridis') and. The Viridis palette for R. One of the most important things about graphs is the election of the colors. Color could change the mood of the image, or impact the story, also guide the viewer thought the elements into the visualization. The election of colors is notably important.

I think this does what you want. Most of this was copied from the source of the viridis function. It takes in values between 0 and 1 and returns a color a corresponding fraction of the way along the viridis map.

get_viridis_color <- function(x, opt="D", begin=0, end=1, reverse=FALSE) {
    x <- x * (end - begin) + begin
    cmap <-[$opt == opt,]
    if (reverse) cmap <- cmap[rev(seq_len(nrow(cmap))),]
    map_rgbs <- grDevices::rgb(cmap$R, cmap$G, cmap$B)
    ramp <- grDevices::colorRamp(map_rgbs, space="Lab", interpolate="spline")
    out_rgbs <- ramp(x) / 255
    grDevices::rgb(out_rgbs[,1], out_rgbs[,2], out_rgbs[,3])

Values outside [0, 1] are not handled; for some reason this means negative numbers are #00FF00 and numbers greater than 1 are black. begin and end work like they do in viridis(), but reversing direction of the colormap is a boolean reverse argument instead of the 1 or -1 direction argument. Different values of opt give magma ("A"), inferno ("B"), and plasma ("C") maps instead of viridis.

Viridis colour scales from viridisLite, Viridis colour scales from viridisLite. Source: R/scale-viridis.r , R/zxx.r. scale_viridis.Rd. The viridis scales provide colour maps that are perceptually uniform in both values. if colours should not be evenly positioned along the gradient this  Nathaniel Smith and Stéfan van der Walt presented [YouTube] a new colormap (for Python) at SciPy 2015 called viridis. From the authors: The default colourmap in Matplotlib is the colourful rainbow-map called Jet, which is deficient in many ways: small changes in the data sometimes produce large perceptual differences and vice-versa; its lightness gradient is […] Original 'viridis'and 'cividis' color map in viridis: Default , A data frame with 1280 rows and 4 variables: R: Red value. G: Green value. B: Blue value. opt: The colormap "option  Is doesn’t display our viridis colors. Why? The reason is that viridis colors are specified as RGBA which are RGB color values with an alpha opacity parameter. The alpha parameter is a number between 0.0 (fully transparent) and 1.0 (fully opaque). We need to convert our viridis colors to standard RGB (sRGB) in order to show the legend correctly.

viridis function, This color map is designed in such a way that it will analytically be perfectly viridisMap returns a n lines data frame containing the red ( R ), green ( G ), blue ( B )  It maps viridis colours (by default) to values, and quickly! Note It does not perform a 1-to-1 mapping of a palette to values. It interpolates the colours from a given palette. Why did you build it? I’m aware there are other methods for mapping colours to values. And which do it quick too.

Assigns Colours to Values • colourvalues, It maps viridis colours (by default) to values, and quickly! Note It does #include "colourvalues/colours/colours_hex.hpp" // [[Rcpp::depends(colourvalues)]]. R. values: if colours should not be evenly positioned along the gradient this vector gives the position (between 0 and 1) for each colour in the colours vector. See rescale() for a convenience function to map an arbitrary range to between 0 and 1. space: colour space in which to calculate gradient. Must be "Lab" - other values are deprecated. na.value

  • Did you see the begin and end arguments? For example, with scale_fill_viridis(option = "C", begin = .2, end = .9). You want a function to randomly select those values?
  • Thanks @stackTon, my edit above might make the question clearer