"Null value error" in firestore simulator

I'm trying to reproduce an example from the official Firestore docs. Everything you need to know is on the screenshot. Is it a bug or am I missing something?

The problem is that there's no actual document at /cities/moscow

The key is to reading through the comments.

Many apps store access control information as fields on documents in the database. Cloud Firestore Security Rules can dynamically allow or deny access based on document data:

and then

// Allow the user to read data if the document has the 'visibility' field set to 'public'

If you look at the example data provided in the guide

let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")
    "name": "San Francisco",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 860000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]

There is no 'visibility' field, however there is a name, state country field etc.

If you want to work with that data set, add a 'visibility' field to each city and set it's value to 'public'

        "name": "San Francisco",
        "visibility": "public"

A bit more explanation would have made manidos's answer a good one.

It seems like resources should be used only for rules involving data that have been already written; e.g. delete, read, update, etc.

If you want to set rules on data that "will be" written, use getAfter.

  • What does this answer mean and how do you know there is no document there?
  • @Jay, I know there's no document there because I didn't create one. As soon as I add document with the name "moscow" to the "cities" collection the error disappears. Instead I get a message either saying read allowed or not. It's just a confusing and not very descriptive error. Thanks you for the answer!
  • Ah. I see. While there may no document at that location, the bigger picture for the rules issue was that the fields trying to read are not present in any of the locations. I think my answer identifies the issue and provides a solution as well. If it helped, please accept it so it can help others!