How does the intended usage of the DOM `hidden` differ from the CSS `visibility` prop?

css visible selector
html hide element
html hidden
opposite of visibility: hidden
hide h2 css
hide icon css
css visibility vs display
css show hide div on click

There is the DOM property hidden and the CSS property visibility. After reading up on their descriptions I can't really tell when to use which. In what respects does their intended usage differ?

I understand that they functionally might do (many of) the same things, but I am talking about intent.

CSS Visibility is used to hide an element and allocates space for the hidden element in the document layout. As opposed to DOM Hidden which merely hides the element from being shown on the page, without allocating space for the given element.

Perhaps you are looking for display: none?

What is the difference between visibility:hidden and display:none?

Explain the difference between visibility:hidden; and display:none , What are the differences between visibility hidden and display none? Definition and Usage. The visibility property sets or returns whether an element should be visible. The visibility property allows the author to show or hide an element. It is similar to the display property. However, the difference is that if you set display:none, it hides the entire element, while visibility:hidden means that the contents

Intended usage

The intended usage for hidden (and also explicitly when not to use it) is explained on the page you linked:

The hidden global attribute is a Boolean attribute indicating that the element is not yet, or is no longer, relevant. For example, it can be used to hide elements of the page that can't be used until the login process has been completed.

The hidden attribute must not be used to hide content that could legitimately be shown in another presentation. For example, it is incorrect to use hidden to hide panels in a tabbed dialog, because the tabbed interface is merely a kind of overflow presentation — one could equally well just show all the form controls in one big page with a scrollbar. It is similarly incorrect to use this attribute to hide content just from one presentation — if something is marked hidden, it is hidden from all presentations, including, for instance, screen readers.

Normal display:

.box {
  background-color: #f0f0f0;
  padding: 50px;

.inner {
  background-color: #ccc;
  height: 200px;
<div class="box">
  <div class="inner"></div>

visibility, ; elements are not in the render tree all, so they will perform better at face value. If you are toggling between visible and invisible states via javascript then visibility:hidden should be the better performer. Definition and Usage. The visibility property specifies whether or not an element is visible. Tip: Hidden elements take up space on the page. Use the display property to both hide and remove an element from the document layout!

Look , if you use visibility prop. in css you will see in html a 'free' space which contains your css element . If you use DOM hidden , it just removes that element . I explain this so .

Performance differences between visibility:hidden and display:none , The DOM Level 2 standard defines an API that makes this quite easy to do. In Chapter 17, we saw how to use the DOM API to obtain references to it uses the style. visibility property to set the CSS visibility attribute to hidden, bookmarklet is written with very compact code and is intended to be formatted on a single line. Value Description; visible: Default. The element box is visible: hidden: The element box is not visible, but still affects layout. collapse: When used on a row or column, the element will not be visible.

Use of both css visibility property with hidden value and html hidden attribute is intend to hide element. But there is little difference in between them. css visibility property with hidden value contain its area that is it's height and width. But hidden attribute doesn't contain its DOM area. Here hidden attribute works like css display property with value none. You may will be clear with following example:

<p style="visibility:hidden">Hello how are you?</p>
<p hidden>I am fine.</p>

Now just inspect your browser and check, both are invisible but first paragraph element still contain its area.

JavaScript: The Definitive Guide, This code accesses the element's parentNode object so that it can remove the However, to ensure the DOM instantly refreshes on all browsers, you may prefer to forget that there are a couple of CSS properties you can use for this purpose, in their positions), you can simply set the object's visibility property to 'hidden '  Because display: none actually removes the elements from the DOM. visibility: hidden merely makes them invisible, but they're still there. You can notice the difference because form input fields that have display: none will simply not be included in the form when you submit it; input fields that merely have visibility: hidden set

Learning PHP, MySQL, JavaScript, and CSS: A Step-by-Step Guide to , Different audiences are affected, depending on the method used to hide content. (for layout or other reasons), use CSS property visibility: hidden . Is the content intended for screen readers but should not be visible on screen? Hiding content can also affect the Document Object Model (DOM) . For example, if you place a DIV on your page and use CSS to give it the dimensions of 100 by 100 pixels, the visibility: hidden property will hide the DIV, but the text following it will act as though it's still there, respecting that 100 by 100 spacing. The visibility property is not used very frequently, and certainly not on its own.

Hidden content, Definition and Usage​​ It is similar to the display property. However, the difference is that if you set display:none , it hides the entire element, while visibility:hidden means that the contents of the element will be invisible, but the element stays in its original position and size. Reflow occurs when you: insert, remove or update an element in the DOM. modify content on the page, e.g. the text in an input box. move a DOM element. animate a DOM element. take measurements of an element such as offsetHeight or getComputedStyle. change a CSS style. change the className of an element.

HTML DOM Style visibility Property, The space taken up by the row or column will be available for other content. If collapse is used on other elements, it renders as "hidden". Play it ». initial, Sets this  Mostly we want to use for DOM object rather then custom attribute like data-img, data-xyz. Also some of difference when accessing checkbox value and href with attr() and prop() as thing change with DOM output with prop() as full link from origin and Boolean value for checkbox (pre-1.6) We can only access DOM elements with prop other then it gives undefined

  • Are you really asking about the property, or rather about the universal HTML attribute?…
  • Didn't know there was an attribute either way, but the prop and the attribute seems very similar in intended use.
  • Is your question answered?
  • There aren't any answers that answers the full question, no. Most just cover the visual aspects, while I am talking of intent and semantics.
  • I wasn't looking for anything, actually :-) I was just wondering about the intended use cases for each.
  • Obviously I read the section I linked to :-) Verbatim copying it didn't do much for my understanding of the differences. So as far as I can tell, the intended usage of the HTMLElement property and the corresponding attribute seems to be the same and their visual effect also seems to be the same, much like setting display: none. But the intended usage of the visual CSS property wasn't covered. I would use it when I needed to hide an element from showing while not affecting the layout of other elements. This could of course also affect just one presentation mode.
  • Well, I find the explanation of the intended use very clear, I don't exactly know what is unclear after that?
  • You are just talking of the visual effects. I was interested in intent.