Solution for "Fatal error: Maximum function nesting level of '100' reached, aborting!" in PHP

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I have made a function that finds all the URLs within an html file and repeats the same process for each html content linked to the discovered URLs. The function is recursive and can go on endlessly. However, I have put a limit on the recursion by setting a global variable which causes the recursion to stop after 100 recursions.

However, php returns this error:

Fatal error: Maximum function nesting level of '100' reached, aborting! in D:\wamp\www\crawler1\simplehtmldom_1_5\simple_html_dom.php on line 1355

I found a solution here: Increasing nesting function calls limit but this is not working in my case.

I am quoting one of the answers from the link mentioned above. Please do consider it.

"Do you have Zend, IonCube, or xDebug installed? If so, that is probably where you are getting this error from.

I ran into this a few years ago, and it ended up being Zend putting that limit there, not PHP. Of course removing it will let >you go past the 100 iterations, but you will eventually hit the memory limits."

Is there a way to increase the maximum function nesting level in PHP

Increase the value of xdebug.max_nesting_level in your php.ini

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A simple solution solved my problem. I just commented this line:

zend_extension = "d:/wamp/bin/php/php5.3.8/zend_ext/php_xdebug-2.1.2-5.3-vc9.dll

in my php.ini file. This extension was limiting the stack to 100 so I disabled it. The recursive function is now working as anticipated.

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Rather than going for a recursive function calls, work with a queue model to flatten the structure.

$queue = array('');
while (count($queue)) {
    $url = array_shift($queue);

    $queue = array_merge($queue, find_urls($url));

function find_urls($url)
    $urls = array();

    // Some logic filling the variable

    return $urls;

There are different ways to handle it. You can keep track of more information if you need some insight about the origin or paths traversed. There are also distributed queues that can work off a similar model.

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Another solution is to add xdebug.max_nesting_level = 200 in your php.ini

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Rather than disabling the xdebug, you can set the higher limit like


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  • Also: PHP doesn't have a limit on nested function calls, it must be an extension you're using that causes this.
  • @Abel I am sure that my code has no errors. There is a static variable which increments its value by one on each recursive call. If that variable is less than 100, the recursive calls go on until the variable reaches 100. I mean to say that the variable reaching 100 is actually the base case. While the error arises before 100 recursions. And as you have mentioned that some extension my be causing this, I would like to mention that I am using functions from simple_html_dom.php. If you have any idea about simple_html_dom.php, please help me in this regard. Please refer to updated question.
  • That is an error by xdebug. From the screenshot it's visible you use xdebug. You can disable the setting here: xdebug.max_nesting_level or tell how large the nesting level is.
  • if use WAMP, note that disabling xdebug in php.ini does NOT always work; same applies to extending level of allowed nesting; a bug a guess; SOLUTION: go to php.ini and comment out php_xdebug-???.dll
  • Possible duplicate of Increasing nesting functions calls limit
  • @A.L You edit your php.ini file and you add or edit the line xdebug.max_nesting_level in the XDebug section.
  • However if this is a production environment, see the accepted answer, which is to disable xdebug in that environment.
  • This solves the symptom (for a while), but not the problem.
  • This solution worked for me when I was using UFront for Haxe on MAMP.
  • for unlimited: xdebug.max_nesting_level = -1
  • So, eventually it was the XDebug extension after all... Good to know. In two days you can accept your own answer as accepted answer, if you want (and have a look at your previous questions, most miss an accepted answer).