Spring @Async: null hibernate session on LAZY collection

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I'm using an @Async annotation on a service layer method.

Everything works fine when I EAGERLY load @OneToMany collection fields, but when I try to access LAZY loaded element I found that Hibernate SessionImplementor object session is null. That obviously give me an exception:

org.hibernate.LazyInitializationException: failed to lazily initialize a collection of role:

Here is my collection field:

@OneToMany(mappedBy="abc", fetch=FetchType.LAZY, cascade=CascadeType.REMOVE)
@OrderBy(value="xsd asc")
private Set<Item> items = new HashSet<Item>();

How can I bind hibernate session in order to LAZELY load my object inside @Async context?


Here is my trancactionManager / entityManager configuration

<bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaTransactionManager">
    <property name="entityManagerFactory" ref="emf"/>

<tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager" />

<bean id="emf" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean">
    <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    <property name="jpaVendorAdapter" ref="hibernateJpaVendorAdapter">

    <property name="packagesToScan" value="it.domain"/>

    <property name="persistenceUnitName" value="persistenceUnit"/>
    <property name="jpaProperties">
            <prop key="hibernate.dialect">${hibernate.dialect}</prop>
            <prop key="hibernate.ejb.naming_strategy">org.hibernate.cfg.ImprovedNamingStrategy</prop>
            <!--${hibernate.format_sql} -->
            <prop key="hibernate.format_sql">true</prop>
            <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">${hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto}</prop>
            <!-- ${hibernate.show_sql} -->
            <prop key="hibernate.show_sql">false</prop> 

            <prop key="hibernate.connection.charSet">UTF-8</prop>

            <prop key="hibernate.max_fetch_depth">3</prop>
            <prop key="hibernate.jdbc.fetch_size">50</prop>
            <prop key="hibernate.jdbc.batch_size">20</prop>

            <prop key="org.hibernate.envers.audit_table_suffix">_H</prop>
            <prop key="org.hibernate.envers.revision_field_name">AUDIT_REVISION</prop>
            <prop key="org.hibernate.envers.revision_type_field_name">ACTION_TYPE</prop>
            <prop key="org.hibernate.envers.audit_strategy">org.hibernate.envers.strategy.ValidityAuditStrategy</prop>
            <prop key="org.hibernate.envers.audit_strategy_validity_end_rev_field_name">AUDIT_REVISION_END</prop>
            <prop key="org.hibernate.envers.audit_strategy_validity_store_revend_timestamp">True</prop>
            <prop key="org.hibernate.envers.audit_strategy_validity_revend_timestamp_field_name">AUDIT_REVISION_END_TS</prop>               

<jpa:repositories base-package="it.repository"

<jpa:auditing auditor-aware-ref="auditorAwareBean" />
<bean id="auditorAwareBean" class="it.auditor.AuditorAwareBean"/>

Spring's transaction context is preserved using ThreadLocals. This means that your SessionFactory is only available to the thread dispatching your request thus, if you create a new thread, you will get a null and a corresponding exception.

What your @Async method does is use a TaskExecutor to run your method in another thread. So the problem described above is happening with your service.

I quote from the Spring's JpaTransactionManager docs:

PlatformTransactionManager implementation for a single JPA EntityManagerFactory. Binds a JPA EntityManager from the specified factory to the thread, potentially allowing for one thread-bound EntityManager per factory. SharedEntityManagerCreator and @PersistenceContext are aware of thread-bound entity managers and participate in such transactions automatically. Using either is required for JPA access code supporting this transaction management mechanism.

If you want to preserve your annotation then you should take a look at Hibernate CurrentSessionContext and somehow manage the sessions yourself.

See this question for more info.

java Spring @Async: null hibernate session on LAZY collection , java Spring @Async: null hibernate session on LAZY collection? @Controller ControllerBean { @Autowired AsyncService asyncService; public controllerMethod()� Recommend:java - Spring + Hibernate session lifecycle. Factory is created automatically by Spring and is taking its DB connections from Glassfish connection pool. At the moment I am getting a Hibernate session via SessionFactory.getCurrentSession(). Then I start transaction, do the work and the

I had the same problem, spent few days trying to find a solution, finally got a solution. I would like to share the details I found for those who might have the same issue.

1st - Your @Async-annotated method should be declared in a separate bean rather than the @Controller- or @RestController-annotated bean.

2nd - You certainly need to declare the method @Transactional which is called from within @Async declared method. However, the very first method called from @Async method has to be defined @Transactional. I had the @Transactional method in second or third level in the method execution stack therefore the problem was not solved and I spent two days trying to figure out what was going on.

So the best thing to do is

ControllerBean {

    AsyncService asyncService;

    public controllerMethod() {

AsyncService {
    TransactionalService transactionalService;

    public asyncMethod() {

TransactionalService {
    SomeOtherService someOtherService;

    EntityRepository entityRepository;

    public transactionalMethod() {
        Entity entity = entityRepository.findOne(12345);


SomeOtherService {

    EntityRepository entityRepository;

    public doWork(Entity entity) {
        // fetch lazy properties, save, etc. without any session problems...


Spring @Async: null hibernate session on LAZY collection, Spring @Async: null hibernate session on LAZY collection. Question. I'm using an @Async annotation on a service layer method. Everything works fine when I� Introduction. I’ve already written about the Open Session in View Anti-Pattern, so now it’s time to add another Hibernate fetching bad practices.Although the hibernate.enable_lazy_load_no_trans configuration property is a lesser-known setting, it’s good to know why you shouldn’t employ it in your data access layer code.

In normal circumstances (without @Async) a transaction gets propagated through the call hierarchy from one Spring component to the other.

When a @Transactional Spring @Component calls a method annotated with @Async this does not happen. The call to the asynchronous method is being scheduled and executed at a later time by a task executor and is thus handled as a 'fresh' call, i.e. without a transactional context. If the @Async method (or the component in which it is declared) is not @Transactional by itself Spring will not manage any needed transactions.

Try to annotate the method that calls the @Async method, and tell us if worked.

Hibernate Lazy Mode doesn't work with Spring Boot, I created Spring boot Application with JPA, I have two entity classes( working well. but doesn't working Hibernate Lazy Loading. anyone's c Most likely it's due to the default Open Session in View antipattern employed by Spring Boot. write JSON: failed to lazily initialize a collection of role: dev.model. Note that when you call the initialize() method, hibernate will fetch you LAZY defined collection to the Child proxy you retrieved. The final method also retrieves the Child's toys, but this time

It depends how and where does a mapping occur.

If you want to use @Async together with LAZY loading, a method declared with @Transactional has to implement the logic of LAZY loading.

If LAZY loading is initated outside @Transactional, it will not work.

java, java - Spring @Async: null hibernate session on LAZY collection - lt; Bean id = "Transaction manager" class = "org.springframework.orm.jpa. Hibernate - Setting null in entity collection is automatically persisted at transaction commit. java,spring,hibernate,dozer @Transactional(readOnly=true) tells Spring that the operation will not be modifying the DB, in such a case it sets the connection to read-only and Hibernate will not update the entity.

Spring Hibernate, Spring @Async: null hibernate session on LAZY collection, Spring's transaction context is preserved using ThreadLocals. This means that your SessionFactory� Description: Batch inserts via Hibernate session-level batching (Hibernate 5.2 or higher) in MySQL. Key points: in application.properties set spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.generate_statistics (just to check that batching is working) in application.properties set JDBC URL with rewriteBatchedStatements=true (optimization for MySQL)

java, Repository Methods Returning Collections or Iterables Upgrade to Querydsl 4, Hibernate 5, OpenJPA 2.4, and EclipseLink 2.6.1. The absence of a query result is then indicated by returning null . Repository queries can be run asynchronously by using Spring's asynchronous method execution� The dependency pom includes spring and hibernate dependencies by mistake. --> </exclusions> </dependency> Identity versus equality. In Listing 5, I configure a global stateful knowledge session as a singleton Spring bean. (A stateless knowledge session wouldn't work as a long-lasting session because it doesn't keep its state during iterative

Spring Data JPA, Possible duplicate of Spring @Async: null hibernate session on LAZY collection – Roman Konoval Mar 7 at 15:24. add a comment |. 0. I'm using spring boot with� failed to lazily initialize a collection of role: User.authorities, could not initialize proxy - no Session Question In my Spring Boot/Data/JPA application I have a following entity:

  • Are you using a Spring managed SessionFactory and TransactionManager?. Can you show the code of the method?
  • Is the method loading the entity or just accessing it?
  • @ElderMael, I have updated my answer
  • In that case you may implement a CurrentSessionContext that allows you to preserve sessions across threads and calling threads.
  • I had same issue when I was using @async. I tried a lot of things and finally dealt with it by opening a new session and doing stuff and then closing the session. I am not sure if it is an ideal solution, but given the fact that hibernate session and thread have some personal issues on being together, I am happy with this solution.
  • Thank you for your answer. My methos is already transactional!