Referring to the previous/next commit in git?

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I have seen git commands use a syntax such as HEAD~, but I haven't been able to find this syntax in the Git Reference Manual.

Here is what I have understood: <commit>~<n> refers to the commit <n> steps earlier than <commit> (where <n> is an integer number), and commit~ simply means the same and that <n> implicitly is one.

Now, is this correct? In that case, does this always work? What if <commit> is the result of a merge between two branches, which commit will then <commit>~ refer to? Is there some corresponding syntax for referring to the next commit or the commit <n> steps later?

Revision Selection, You have a very clear explanation of how this works in the chapter on Acenstry References in Pro Git: ~ is used to get the first parent. ^ can be used to get the� Referring to the previous/next commit in git? 18. Who deleted my change in git? 34. GIT get the commit hash prior to a specific commit. 20. Retrieve the list of child

To simply answer the question from title (since that's what got me here from Google):

To checkout the previous commit:

git checkout HEAD^

To checkout the next commit (assuming there's no branching):

git checkout `git log --reverse --ancestry-path HEAD..master | head -n 1 | cut -d \  -f 2`

Learning How to Git: Navigating Between Commits, Ancestry References. The other main way to specify a commit is via its ancestry. Then, you can see the previous commit by specifying HEAD^ , which means “the parent of HEAD”: You can also specify a number after the ^ to identify which parent you want; for example, d921970^2 means “the second parent of d921970.” A branch is just a pointer to a commit, so you can freely move it around. To make it so that the branch is referring to the commit aabbcc, issue the command. git reset --hard aabbcc Please note that this will overwrite your branch's current commit, and as so, its entire history. You might loose some work by issuing this command.

Referring to the Previous Git Commit – Make XWP, Maybe, what if we can navigate to our previous commit and to know at In Git there are two ways to refer to some commit, one of them is the For the topic on next story, we will cover how to roll back to the previous commit. To Git, it will look like a brand new commit. All you have to do is stage the extra changes like you would for a normal commit in git. So let’s update the last commit in real time with the example: Step 1: You have the file edited and now we have to first add the file. git add . Step 2: And then just commit with the --amend argument. git

Oh Shit, Git!?!, On the command line shell, there is a magic symbol “ - ” (hyphen). When dealing with streams, it can refer to STDIN or STDOUT . When used in� Update git commit author date when amending; Are git submodules the only safe way to have working copies within working copies? Referring to the previous/next commit in git? How to get back to most recent version in Git? Git – error: RPC failed; result=22, HTTP code = 401 fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly

Only amend commits that only exist in your local copy or you're gonna have a bad time. Oh shit, I need to change the message on my last commit! git commit -- � Depending on the command, they denote a specific commit or, for commands which walk the revision graph (such as git-log(1)), all commits which can be reached from that commit. They are usually denoted as <commit>, or <rev>, or <revision> in the syntax description. The reference documentation for Git revisions syntax is the gitrevisions(7) manpage.

Initialization: To initialize a repository, we give the command git init. With this command, we will make Git aware of the project file in our repository. Staging area: Now that our source code files, data files, and configuration files are being tracked by Git, we will add the files that we want to commit to the staging area by the git add command.