Recaptcha not working on https

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i have a site in codeigniter,and that site working perfectly on http.

My client moved the site to https.

Then now when user registration is not working ,because there have a recaptcha used in it.

Now it displays Could not open socket error.

this is the recaptcha calling in my controller:

$privatekey = "my-key";
        $resp = recaptcha_check_answer ($privatekey,
        $_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"],
        $_POST["recaptcha_challenge_field"],
        $_POST["recaptcha_response_field"]);

        if (!$resp->is_valid) {
        // What happens when the CAPTCHA was entered incorrectly
            die ("The reCAPTCHA wasn't entered correctly");
        }else{

            $data=$this->authmodel->addAccount();
            $this->session->set_flashdata('abc', 'User added successfully'); 
            echo "1";
        }

And this is the recaptchalib.php code:

<?php
/*
 * This is a PHP library that handles calling reCAPTCHA.
 *    - Documentation and latest version
 *          http://recaptcha.net/plugins/php/
 *    - Get a reCAPTCHA API Key
 *          https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create
 *    - Discussion group
 *          http://groups.google.com/group/recaptcha
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2007 reCAPTCHA -- http://recaptcha.net
 * AUTHORS:
 *   Mike Crawford
 *   Ben Maurer
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */

/**
 * The reCAPTCHA server URL's
 */
define("RECAPTCHA_API_SERVER", "http://www.google.com/recaptcha/api");
define("RECAPTCHA_API_SECURE_SERVER", "https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api");
define("RECAPTCHA_VERIFY_SERVER", "www.google.com");

/**
 * Encodes the given data into a query string format
 * @param $data - array of string elements to be encoded
 * @return string - encoded request
 */
function _recaptcha_qsencode ($data) {
        $req = "";
        foreach ( $data as $key => $value )
                $req .= $key . '=' . urlencode( stripslashes($value) ) . '&';

        // Cut the last '&'
        $req=substr($req,0,strlen($req)-1);
        return $req;
}



/**
 * Submits an HTTP POST to a reCAPTCHA server
 * @param string $host
 * @param string $path
 * @param array $data
 * @param int port
 * @return array response
 */
function _recaptcha_http_post($host, $path, $data, $port = 80) {

        $req = _recaptcha_qsencode ($data);

        $http_request  = "POST $path HTTP/1.0\r\n";
        $http_request .= "Host: $host\r\n";
        $http_request .= "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded;\r\n";
        $http_request .= "Content-Length: " . strlen($req) . "\r\n";
        $http_request .= "User-Agent: reCAPTCHA/PHP\r\n";
        $http_request .= "\r\n";
        $http_request .= $req;

        $response = '';
        if( false == ( $fs = @fsockopen($host, $port, $errno, $errstr, 10) ) ) {
                die ('Could not open socket');
        }

        fwrite($fs, $http_request);

        while ( !feof($fs) )
                $response .= fgets($fs, 1160); // One TCP-IP packet
        fclose($fs);
        $response = explode("\r\n\r\n", $response, 2);

        return $response;
}



/**
 * Gets the challenge HTML (javascript and non-javascript version).
 * This is called from the browser, and the resulting reCAPTCHA HTML widget
 * is embedded within the HTML form it was called from.
 * @param string $pubkey A public key for reCAPTCHA
 * @param string $error The error given by reCAPTCHA (optional, default is null)
 * @param boolean $use_ssl Should the request be made over ssl? (optional, default is false)

 * @return string - The HTML to be embedded in the user's form.
 */
function recaptcha_get_html ($pubkey, $error = null, $use_ssl = false)
{
    if ($pubkey == null || $pubkey == '') {
        die ("To use reCAPTCHA you must get an API key from <a href='https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create'>https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create</a>");
    }

    if ($use_ssl) {
                $server = RECAPTCHA_API_SECURE_SERVER;
        } else {
                $server = RECAPTCHA_API_SERVER;
        }

        $errorpart = "";
        if ($error) {
           $errorpart = "&amp;error=" . $error;
        }
        return '<script type="text/javascript" src="'. $server . '/challenge?k=' . $pubkey . $errorpart . '"></script>

    <noscript>
        <iframe src="'. $server . '/noscript?k=' . $pubkey . $errorpart . '" height="300" width="500" frameborder="0"></iframe><br/>
        <textarea name="recaptcha_challenge_field" rows="3" cols="40"></textarea>
        <input type="hidden" name="recaptcha_response_field" value="manual_challenge"/>
    </noscript>';
}




/**
 * A ReCaptchaResponse is returned from recaptcha_check_answer()
 */
class ReCaptchaResponse {
        var $is_valid;
        var $error;
}


/**
  * Calls an HTTP POST function to verify if the user's guess was correct
  * @param string $privkey
  * @param string $remoteip
  * @param string $challenge
  * @param string $response
  * @param array $extra_params an array of extra variables to post to the server
  * @return ReCaptchaResponse
  */
function recaptcha_check_answer ($privkey, $remoteip, $challenge, $response, $extra_params = array())
{
    if ($privkey == null || $privkey == '') {
        die ("To use reCAPTCHA you must get an API key from <a href='https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create'>https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create</a>");
    }

    if ($remoteip == null || $remoteip == '') {
        die ("For security reasons, you must pass the remote ip to reCAPTCHA");
    }



        //discard spam submissions
        if ($challenge == null || strlen($challenge) == 0 || $response == null || strlen($response) == 0) {
                $recaptcha_response = new ReCaptchaResponse();
                $recaptcha_response->is_valid = false;
                $recaptcha_response->error = 'incorrect-captcha-sol';
                return $recaptcha_response;
        }

        $response = _recaptcha_http_post (RECAPTCHA_VERIFY_SERVER, "/recaptcha/api/verify",
                                          array (
                                                 'privatekey' => $privkey,
                                                 'remoteip' => $remoteip,
                                                 'challenge' => $challenge,
                                                 'response' => $response
                                                 ) + $extra_params
                                          );

        $answers = explode ("\n", $response [1]);
        $recaptcha_response = new ReCaptchaResponse();

        if (trim ($answers [0]) == 'true') {
                $recaptcha_response->is_valid = true;
        }
        else {
                $recaptcha_response->is_valid = false;
                $recaptcha_response->error = $answers [1];
        }
        return $recaptcha_response;

}

/**
 * gets a URL where the user can sign up for reCAPTCHA. If your application
 * has a configuration page where you enter a key, you should provide a link
 * using this function.
 * @param string $domain The domain where the page is hosted
 * @param string $appname The name of your application
 */
function recaptcha_get_signup_url ($domain = null, $appname = null) {
    return "https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create?" .  _recaptcha_qsencode (array ('domains' => $domain, 'app' => $appname));
}

function _recaptcha_aes_pad($val) {
    $block_size = 16;
    $numpad = $block_size - (strlen ($val) % $block_size);
    return str_pad($val, strlen ($val) + $numpad, chr($numpad));
}

/* Mailhide related code */

function _recaptcha_aes_encrypt($val,$ky) {
    if (! function_exists ("mcrypt_encrypt")) {
        die ("To use reCAPTCHA Mailhide, you need to have the mcrypt php module installed.");
    }
    $mode=MCRYPT_MODE_CBC;   
    $enc=MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_128;
    $val=_recaptcha_aes_pad($val);
    return mcrypt_encrypt($enc, $ky, $val, $mode, "\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0");
}


function _recaptcha_mailhide_urlbase64 ($x) {
    return strtr(base64_encode ($x), '+/', '-_');
}

/* gets the reCAPTCHA Mailhide url for a given email, public key and private key */
function recaptcha_mailhide_url($pubkey, $privkey, $email) {
    if ($pubkey == '' || $pubkey == null || $privkey == "" || $privkey == null) {
        die ("To use reCAPTCHA Mailhide, you have to sign up for a public and private key, " .
             "you can do so at <a href='http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/apikey'>http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/apikey</a>");
    }


    $ky = pack('H*', $privkey);
    $cryptmail = _recaptcha_aes_encrypt ($email, $ky);

    return "http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/d?k=" . $pubkey . "&c=" . _recaptcha_mailhide_urlbase64 ($cryptmail);
}

/**
 * gets the parts of the email to expose to the user.
 * eg, given johndoe@example,com return ["john", "example.com"].
 * the email is then displayed as john...@example.com
 */
function _recaptcha_mailhide_email_parts ($email) {
    $arr = preg_split("/@/", $email );

    if (strlen ($arr[0]) <= 4) {
        $arr[0] = substr ($arr[0], 0, 1);
    } else if (strlen ($arr[0]) <= 6) {
        $arr[0] = substr ($arr[0], 0, 3);
    } else {
        $arr[0] = substr ($arr[0], 0, 4);
    }
    return $arr;
}

/**
 * Gets html to display an email address given a public an private key.
 * to get a key, go to:
 *
 * http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/apikey
 */
function recaptcha_mailhide_html($pubkey, $privkey, $email) {
    $emailparts = _recaptcha_mailhide_email_parts ($email);
    $url = recaptcha_mailhide_url ($pubkey, $privkey, $email);

    return htmlentities($emailparts[0]) . "<a href='" . htmlentities ($url) .
        "' onclick=\"window.open('" . htmlentities ($url) . "', '', 'toolbar=0,scrollbars=0,location=0,statusbar=0,menubar=0,resizable=0,width=500,height=300'); return false;\" title=\"Reveal this e-mail address\">...</a>@" . htmlentities ($emailparts [1]);

}


?>

So how can i solve this issue?

I got the same error an tried a couple of suggestions, but nothing realy worked.

So I logged my network traffic and analyzed it. What it shows is that mid connection the servers changed from ipv4 to ipv6 and I remembered reading somewhere that recaptcha has a problem working on ipv6.

So I changed @fsockopen($host, [...] to @fsockopen(gethostbyname($host), [...] and recaptcha worked again.

recaptcha not working with https. � Issue #2310 � salesagility , Recaptcha links are hard coded to http causing firefox to block mixed display of recaptcha when having suitecrm under https. change http to� i have a site in codeigniter,and that site working perfectly on http.. My client moved the site to https.. Then now when user registration is not working ,because there have a recaptcha used in it.

For SSL (https) use:

echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey,true);

rather than:

echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey);

This is because recaptcha_get_html() in recaptchalib.php (which gets the distorted text image) defaults to http unless you tell it otherwise.

ReCaptcha Is Not Working – Humble Bundle, What if I'm not able to see the ReCaptcha? enabled by Google services, using proxies or add-ons that block Google server requests will cause problems (an example being Ghostery) https://support.google.com/recaptcha/. Questions: i have a site in codeigniter,and that site working perfectly on http. My client moved the site to https. Then now when user registration is not working ,because there have a recaptcha used in it.

You need to tell the function "recaptcha_get_html()" that you want to use https. Replace recaptcha_get_html($publickey) with

echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey,null,1);

Google Recaptcha is not working on my https site, I'm using Google Recaptcha on my website hosted on DigitalOcean. It works properly in my localhost but when I upload to digitalocean host it� I Can't Work Out Where to Add reCAPTCHA It's Not Working! Help! reCAPTCHA is Accepting Incorrect Words No, I Mean *Totally* Incorrect Words My Users Are Starting To Get One Word Captchas I Can't Work Out Where to Add reCAPTCHA This advice applies to everyone who's integrating reCAPTCHA -- irrespective of language.

edit recaptchalib.php like this:

find this line - function recaptcha_get_html ($pubkey, $error = null, $use_ssl = false)

change it to - function recaptcha_get_html ($pubkey, $error = null, $use_ssl = true)

argument $use_ssl is changed from false to true... rest will be taken care of by the script..

Forums - ReCaptcha not working on HTTPS site, Hi, I have the same site on a HTTP address, but for some reason the site at HTTPS will not display the Recaptcha. I set the SSL server option to� Make sure your browser is fully updated (see minimum browser requirements) Check that JavaScript is enabled in your browser Try disabling plugins that might conflict with reCAPTCHA

I got the same error an tried all suggestions but nothing work for me.

then i did analyzed the issue and then i got SSL certificate issue

this certificate is only valid for the following names: www.google.com (Error code: ssl_error_bad_cert_domain)

so i changed

echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey,,true);

@fsockopen($host, [...] to @fsockopen(gethostbyname($host), [...]

along with

define("RECAPTCHA_API_SECURE_SERVER", "https://api-secure.recaptcha.net");

to

define("RECAPTCHA_API_SECURE_SERVER", "https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api");

in recaptchalib.php and recaptcha worked again.

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Comments
  • You probably shouldn't post your private key online.
  • @arxanas ok thanks for your comments
  • Personally I would rewrite _recaptcha_http_post method and use curl to POST, tho a careless update my break it again. Remove the error suppression @ to get the proper error.
  • @Lawrence this is the error i got now: A PHP Error was encountered Severity: Warning Message: fsockopen() [function.fsockopen]: unable to connect to www.google.com:80 (Connection timed out) Filename: helpers/recaptchalib.php Line Number: 80
  • is there a reason you aren't making this easy on yourself and using a recaptcha spark? getsparks.org/packages/recaptcha_spark/versions/HEAD/show
  • Thanks for this Margu.
  • This worked for me. Thanks. Only slight change is that I needed echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey, NULL, true);
  • try echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey,,true); This worked for me.