R Markdown add White Space to HTML Output

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I've found several suggestions for adding whitespace to R Markdown documents including <br>, \newpage and some other things.

These don't work for my HTML output, maybe there's a better way. I'd like to do two things in the example below:

(1) Add extra whitespace between the title and the first header

(2) Add extra whitespace between the first and second paragraphs

Let's go with the default R Markdown document shown below. How would I accomplish this extra white space for HTML output?

---
title: "Here is the title"
output: html_document
---

```{r setup, include=FALSE}
knitr::opts_chunk$set(echo = TRUE)
```

## R Markdown

FIRST PARAGRAPH This is an R Markdown document. Markdown is a simple formatting syntax for authoring HTML, PDF, and MS Word documents. For more details on using R Markdown see <http://rmarkdown.rstudio.com>.

SECOND PARAGRAPH you click the **Knit** button a document will be generated that includes both content as well as the output of any embedded R code chunks within the document. You can embed an R code chunk like this:

Use div elements to divide sections within your R Markdown file. Inside each div tag, assign each margin-bottom property a margin value. Values closer to 100% increase the amount of white space.

Thank you for @Martin Schmelzer answer to the SO post Rmarkdown html whitespace.

---
title: "Here is the title"
output: html_document
---
<div style="margin-bottom:100px;">
```{r setup, include=FALSE}
knitr::opts_chunk$set(echo = TRUE)
```
</div>
## R Markdown
<div style="margin-bottom:50px;">
</div>
FIRST PARAGRAPH This is an R Markdown document. Markdown is a simple formatting syntax for authoring HTML, PDF, and MS Word documents. For more details on using R Markdown see <http://rmarkdown.rstudio.com>.

SECOND PARAGRAPH you click the **Knit** button a document will be generated that includes both content as well as the output of any embedded R code chunks within the document. You can embed an R code chunk like this:

How to add whitespace to an RMarkdown document?, I want to leave empty space in my documents, both pdf and html. I've looked in the markdown produced, and the output of the inline code� I've found several suggestions for adding whitespace to R Markdown documents including <br>, ewpage and some other things. These don't work for my HTML output, maybe there's a better way.


Since the question is about styling an html_document, you have to use some CSS rules. There are many means to obtain the desired formatting.

In order to find a set of CSS rules that achieve your goal, it is necessary to inspect the rendered HTML document. Here's the relevant HTML fragment of the default R Markdown document provided in the question:

<div class="fluid-row" id="header">
  <h1 class="title toc-ignore">Here is the title</h1>
</div>

<div id="r-markdown" class="section level2">
  <h2>R Markdown</h2>
  <p>FIRST PARAGRAPH This is an R Markdown document. Markdown is a simple formatting syntax for authoring HTML, PDF, and MS Word documents. For more details on using R Markdown see <a href="http://rmarkdown.rstudio.com" class="uri">http://rmarkdown.rstudio.com</a>.</p>
  <p>SECOND PARAGRAPH you click the <strong>Knit</strong> button a document will be generated that includes both content as well as the output of any embedded R code chunks within the document. You can embed an R code chunk like this:</p>
</div>

Here is one solution that uses the margin property and the :first-of-type pseudo-class:

---
title: "Here is the title"
output: html_document
---

```{r setup, include=FALSE}
knitr::opts_chunk$set(echo = TRUE)
```

```{css echo=FALSE}
/* Define a margin before h2 element */
h2  {
  margin-top: 6em;
}

/* Define a margin after every first p elements */
p:first-of-type {
  margin-bottom: 3em;
}
``` 

## R Markdown

FIRST PARAGRAPH This is an R Markdown document. Markdown is a simple formatting syntax for authoring HTML, PDF, and MS Word documents. For more details on using R Markdown see <http://rmarkdown.rstudio.com>.

SECOND PARAGRAPH you click the **Knit** button a document will be generated that includes both content as well as the output of any embedded R code chunks within the document. You can embed an R code chunk like this:

If you use these CSS rules in your final document, you may be disappointed because you'll get a space before each h2 element and after each first p element. So, you may prefer selecting elements with the div identifier:

```{css echo=FALSE}
#r-markdown  {
  margin-top: 6em;
}

#r-markdown p:first-of-type {
  margin-bottom: 3em;
}
``` 

Leaving blank space in RMarkdown with an inline function call, Debug Mode. Embed code with knitr syntax learn more at rmarkdown.rstudio.com code and append the must choose an html output format, like html_document, with ```{r} and ```. Place chunk options within curly braces, after r. Insert with. 4.4 General Guidelines for Writing R Markdown Files. White space is your friend. You should always include a blank white space between R chunks and your Markdown text. It makes your document much more readable and can reduce some potential errors. Also, leave a line of white space between header text and your paragraphs. Commentary is always good.


A simple solution to add a line of white space is to use $~$

This adds a line of white space and has worked reliably for me with html output.

# R Markdown

Some text

$~$

More text after a white space

[PDF] R Markdown Cheat Sheet, I really like to add spaces in my document to give it a more uncluttered look. If you're struggling with to much white space around your image, try to play with the fig.asp Since R Markdown can output an html document, it is possible to apply � When you render, R Markdown 1. runs the R code, embeds results and text into .md file with knitr 2. then converts the .md file into the finished format with pandoc Set a document’s default output format in the YAML header:--- output: html_document --- # Body output value creates html_document html pdf_document pdf (requires Tex )


Pimp my RMD: a few tips for R Markdown, The dimensions of the gap are determined when it is printed, e.g., using knitr in an R Markdown script, the box height in inches is set with the fig.height code chunk� I want to leave empty space in my documents, both pdf and html. I use non-breaking spaces followed by 2 spaces (&nbsp; )to do this:--- title: "Test of inline function with non-breaking spaces" author: "Drew Tyre" date: "2019-04-14" output: html_document --- I want to leave empty space in my documents, both pdf and html.


put_gap: Insert a gap or whitespace in a document. in docxtools , The following are some of the most common types of formatting used in HTML documents. You can use the following methods to add blank lines in your Markdown code: (C) becomes © * (R) becomes ® * (TM) becomes ™� For compatibility, use trailing white space or the <br> HTML tag at the end of the line. There are two other options I don’t recommend using. CommonMark and a few other lightweight markup languages let you type a backslash ( \ ) at the end of the line, but not all Markdown applications support this, so it isn’t a great option from a


Markdown Syntax, The option to add the white space is configurable in principle through the tocify extendOffset option. However, it appears that R Markdown does not expose a� The first official book authored by the core R Markdown developers that provides a comprehensive and accurate reference to the R Markdown ecosystem. With R Markdown, you can easily create reproducible data analysis reports, presentations, dashboards, interactive applications, books, dissertations, websites, and journal articles, while enjoying the simplicity of Markdown and the great power of