Laravel 5.8 .env.testing file is not working

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I created a .env.testing file with my credentials, everything the same as .env besides a different table name for the database.

I tried php artisan config:clear which deletes the cached config file in bootstrap/cache/config.php and it broke the database connection. If I re-cache the file by running php artisan config:cache the cached file is back, but without the credentials in the .env.testing file. When I rerun PHPUnit, it connects to the wrong DB, the DB name that is stored in .env not .env.testing.

Is this for real? Did the latest Laravel release break test environments?

Here is what the docs read: (found here: https://laravel.com/docs/5.8/testing)

"You are free to define other testing environment configuration values as necessary. The testing environment variables can be configured in the phpunit.xml file, but make sure to clear your configuration cache using the config:clear Artisan command before running your tests!

Also, you may create a .env.testing file in the root of your project. This file will override the .env file when running PHPUnit tests or executing Artisan commands with the --env=testing option."

UPDATE

I finally was able to override the database that is stated in the .env by adding the database override in the phpunit.xml file; the .env.testing is still not working. The docs are misleading at the least.

I was having this same problem with Laravel v5.6. I set up a .env.testing file with a different username, password, and database but my tests were always running in the main .env database.

It looks like you need to specify the test environment when running the config cache command. After running this command, it worked as described in the docs:

php artisan config:cache --env=testing

APP_ENV not used when running tests � Issue #28841 � laravel , Master, 7.x, 6.x � 5.8 � 5.7 � 5.6 � 5.5 � 5.4 � 5.3 � 5.2 � 5.1 � 5.0 � 4.2 When running tests via phpunit , Laravel will automatically set the and cache to the array driver while testing, meaning no session or cache data will be persisted while testing. This file will override the .env file when running PHPUnit tests or executing� In addition, you may create a .env.testing file in the root of your project. This file will override the .env file when running PHPUnit tests or executing Artisan commands with the --env=testing option. Creating & Running Tests. To create a new test case, use the make:test Artisan command:

This is what worked for me:

In phpunit.xml I had to define <env name="APP_ENV" value="testing"/> inside the <php> block to make PhpUnit load .env.testing instead of .env


It seems like the Laravel docs are wrong and .env.testing is not hard-coded anywhere in Laravel or PhpUnit, it reads the environment file for whatever APP_ENV is specified in phpunit.xml. You could even rename this to .env.phpunit or anything else if you define it in phpunit.xml in this format: <env name="APP_ENV" value="phpunit"/>

Configuration - Laravel, Laravel automatically configures the session and cache to the array driver while The testing environment variables may be configured in the phpunit.xml file. Laravel commands are defined in controller classes that extend Command. To debug a command, it is crucial that you initiate a debugging session for the command itself, and not the controller class file it is defined in. Otherwise, the Laravel bootstrapping process will be skipped, and the execution will fail.

What does your .env.testing look like?

is your environment set to APP_ENV=testing?

When I do tests and I do not have that and only have my database details in the file it does not work but when I make a carbon copy of the original .env file and edit the env to testing mine works.

Testing: Getting Started - Laravel, I can't get tests to run from a testing environment, they always seem to run variables set in the .env file rather than the settings in phpunit.xml I'm running into this exact issue with a fresh install of Laravel 5.8 :( trying to� He wanted his server not to be full of files shared by his app users, since he opted for 20 GB of server storage. We recommended him to have the files uploaded into his server and we keep the files temporarily for 7 days and so on.

If you are likely using phpstorm,then,

go to settings of your phpstorm or press Ctrl + Alt + S.

then selectt Languages & Frameworks ->PHP ->Test Frameworks Under Test Runner tab, click Default configuration file and select (by clicking the folder icon) the path of your project's PHPUnit.xml file.

it will make all your changes in the xml file take effect.Then create the .env.testing file, create your preferred DB config variables for test and running your tests again!

Testing - Laravel, Setup PHPUnit Tests on Pull Request for Laravel with GitHub Actions. posted in I will not dig deeper into this now because it's not the scope of my article. My app uses the 5.8 version of the framework. Note 2: I prepared a .env.testing file with some specific settings I want to use when running PHPUnit. The most concise screencasts for the working developer, updated daily. There's no shortage of content at Laracasts. In fact, you could watch nonstop for days upon days, and still not see everything! Get Started

In order to run .env.testing in test runs only and to run .env in default behavior. You will need to execute:

./vendor/bin/phpunit.bat // For windows
./vendor/bin/phpunit // For Linux

Good luck

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Comments
  • I deleted this because I thought I was just being an idiot and solved the problem, but nope. I still haven't solved this issue. Any one out there have custom .en.testing files working?
  • How / where do you tell the Laravel test-suite to use .env.testing instead of .env (apart from clearing the config cache)? From your question it sounds like you expect it to work out of the box, but from other questions here I can read this is not the case. It's perhaps worth to ensure that first, the other problems just seem to describe an after-effect of thtat.
  • Are you using PHPStorm?
  • Try these docs hub.docker.com/r/chilio/laravel-dusk-ci it should help you on enabling local and remote tests.
  • If I run php artisan config:cache --env=testing, then the local server will use the testing environment. But if I run php artisan config:cache --env=local then phpunit will use the .env instead of .env.testing
  • Note that as soon as you run php artisan config:cache again (without env flag) you'll be back to using regular environment until you do php artisan config:cache --env=testing again. It's whatever is currently in bootstrap/cache/config.php.
  • @MusaHaidari what's in your phpunit.xml?
  • I run a dev server, which uses the .env file and connects to a local mysql server. In the same time, I would like to run unit tests. I created a .env.testing, and defined a :memory: sqlite connection in it. For some reason, the .env is used during the testing, as if .env.testing would not be there.
  • Yes I read the question :) I was asking is your APP_ENV set in that file.
  • It was: APP_ENV=local. I changed it to APP_ENV=testing, but the error is the same
  • I am not using phpstorm. I run the local server and the tests from the terminal
  • I am using VIM for life!