Error in installing Matplotlib : fatal error C1083

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I am relatively new to Python coding and want to learn about statistics and data management in Python. For this I would like to install Matplotlib, which is giving me some issues.

I see other people having this issue, but I have not fully understood how to fix it.

To install i use

pip install matplotlib

I have the following specs installed

  • Windows 10
  • Python 3.8
  • Microsoft Studio 2019

The first error i got was to install Microsoft Studio, so I did that. I have also attempted to update pip

BUILDING MATPLOTLIB 
 matplotlib: yes [3.1.1] 
 python: yes [3.8.0 (tags/v3.8.0:fa919fd, Oct 14 2019, 19:21:23) [MSC v.1916 32 bit (Intel)]] 
 platform: yes [win32] 

...

 checkdep_freetype2.c
    src/checkdep_freetype2.c(1): fatal error C1083: Cannot open include file: 'ft2build.h': No such file or directory
    error: command 'C:\\Program Files (x86)\\Microsoft Visual Studio\\2019\\BuildTools\\VC\\Tools\\MSVC\\14.23.28105\\bin\\HostX86\\x86\\cl.exe' failed with exit status 2
    ----------------------------------------
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:

You have python 3.8, not python 3.7. But there are no python 3.8 wheels available for matplotlib 3.1.1 on pypi. So best remove python 3.8 completely and install python 3.7. When you then run python -m pip install matplotlib it will install the compiled version from the wheels, so there is no need to compile anything yourself or have Microsoft Studio available.

Error in installing Matplotlib : fatal error C1083 – Onooks, To install i use pip install matplotlib. I have the following specs installed – Windows 10 – Python 3,7 – Microsoft Studio 2019. The first error i got  Fatal Error C1083. 09/01/2017; 8 minutes to read +1; In this article. Cannot open filetype file: 'file': message. The compiler generates a C1083 error when it can’t

After spending a lot of time on the issue, this helped me to solve it:

python -m pip install -U matplotlib==3.2.0rc1

Getting error while installing Matplotlib in Python 3.8, C:\>pip install matplotlib Collecting matplotlib Using cached src/ checkdep_freetype2.c(1): fatal error C1083: Cannot open include file:  But then I still couldn't install the matplotlib, I have tried every possible way i found on the internet such as: downloading Visual C++ build tools, downloading mingw, using the command pip3 install matplotlib in PyCharm, and so on.

FYI: the matplotlib website installation instructions has some info on installing from source.

For Windows it states setting include path and link path:

set CL=/IC:\directory\containing\ft2build.h ...
set LINK=/LIBPATH:C:\directory\containing\freetype.lib ...

pip install matplotlib · Issue #15598 · matplotlib/matplotlib · GitHub, Running setup.py install for matplotlib error checkdep_freetype2.c src/ checkdep_freetype2.c(1): fatal error C1083: Datei (Include) kann  But there are no python 3.8 wheels available for matplotlib 3.1.1 on pypi. So best remove python 3.8 completely and install python 3.7. When you then run python -m pip install matplotlib it will install the compiled version from the wheels, so there is no need to compile anything yourself or have Microsoft Studio available.

As a workaround you may install matplotlib on Windows using the 'Unofficial Windows Binaries for Python Extension Packages' with pip install <downloaded_filename>.

Tested on Python 3.8, Windows 10 and matplotlib-3.2

https://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/#matplotlib

Installing fails on latest windows 10 · Issue #15160 · matplotlib , LINK : fatal error LNK1181: cannot open input file 'z.lib' error: command 'C:\\ Program Files (x86)\\Microsoft Visual Studio 14.0\\VC\\BIN\\link.exe'  I have Python 3.8 installed, I was able to install numpy and scipy flawlessly. When I try to install matplotlib I get this output in my command prompt. building 'matplotlib.ft2font' extension

Couldn't install the matplotlib package – IDEs Support (IntelliJ , But then I still couldn't install the matplotlib, I have tried every src/ checkdep_freetype2.c(1): fatal error C1083: Cannot open include file:  For this, you need to have downloaded and installed the dependencies of matplotlib. In this case, ft2build.h is missing which is part of the freetype library. If you really want to build from source, there is a script based solution from the matplotlib developers to download and install all neccessary dependencies.

Has anyone encountered this error when installing matplot lib with , Everything below is what happens when I try to install matplotlib through my cmd src/checkdep_freetype2.c(1): fatal error C1083: Cannot open include file:  This is part of the wave of issues/questions/problems that has started with the release of python 3.8. Because there are no matplotlib wheels for python 3.8 on pypi, people run into all kinds of problems trying to build matplotlib from source.

Installing, Installing an official release¶. Matplotlib and its dependencies are available as wheel packages for macOS, Windows and Linux distributions:. These commands do not build Matplotlib, but instead get and install the build dependencies, which will make building from source easier. Building on macOS ¶ The build situation on macOS is complicated by the various places one can get the libpng and FreeType requirements (MacPorts, Fink, /usr/X11R6), the different architectures (e.g., x86, ppc

Comments
  • Possible duplicate of Matplotlib Build Problem: Error C1083: Cannot open include file: 'ft2build.h'
  • The problem you face comes from a failed building process of matplotlib. However, usually, matplotlib will have wheels available on pip for most major platforms, so I wonder why it's still trying to compile anything. Does the message in the command line tell anything about which version it is trying to build?
  • Hi IMportanceOfBeingErnest Do you mean something like this? BUILDING MATPLOTLIB matplotlib: yes [3.1.1] python: yes [3.8.0 (tags/v3.8.0:fa919fd, Oct 14 2019, 19:21:23) [MSC v.1916 32 bit (Intel)]] platform: yes [win32] I have actually just installed Python two days ago and just tried to install MatPlotLib today. I installed Numpy without any issues.
  • Perfect thank you that solved it. I guess the Matplotlib community have not yet updated to fit with Python 3.8 then?
  • @user12239916 Yes, python 3.8 was only released some days ago, while matplotlib 3.1.1 is from July this year. The next matplotlib release should in principle be compatible with python 3.8; but as usual, there might still be slight problems. Unless you really need python 3.8, just wait for half a year until everything is settled.
  • Thank you!! you saved me. I couldn't figure out why it kept breaking lol
  • You can find all include files here: github.com/ubawurinna/freetype-windows-binaries
  • Excellent suggestion, it does the trick for me, too, and there is no need for fiddling aroind with any further configurations or path definitions or whatever. Good work!