Is it possible to get an Excel document's row count without loading the entire document into memory?
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I'm working on an application that processes huge Excel 2007 files, and I'm using OpenPyXL to do it. OpenPyXL has two different methods of reading an Excel file - one "normal" method where the entire document is loaded into memory at once, and one method where iterators are used to read row-by-row.
The problem is that when I'm using the iterator method, I don't get any document meta-data like column widths and row/column count, and i really need this data. I assume this data is stored in the Excel document close to the top, so it shouldn't be necessary to load the whole 10MB file into memory to get access to it.
So, is there a way to get ahold of the row/column count and column widths without loading the entire document into memory first?
Adding on to what Hubro said, apparently
get_highest_row() has been deprecated. Using the
max_column properties returns the row and column count. For example:
wb = load_workbook(path, use_iterators=True) sheet = wb.worksheets row_count = sheet.max_row column_count = sheet.max_column
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The solution suggested in this answer has been deprecated, and might no longer work.
Taking a look at the source code of OpenPyXL (IterableWorksheet) I've figured out how to get the column and row count from an iterator worksheet:
wb = load_workbook(path, use_iterators=True) sheet = wb.worksheets row_count = sheet.get_highest_row() - 1 column_count = letter_to_index(sheet.get_highest_column()) + 1
IterableWorksheet.get_highest_column returns a string with the column letter that you can see in Excel, e.g. "A", "B", "C" etc. Therefore I've also written a function to translate the column letter to a zero based index:
def letter_to_index(letter): """Converts a column letter, e.g. "A", "B", "AA", "BC" etc. to a zero based column index. A becomes 0, B becomes 1, Z becomes 25, AA becomes 26 etc. Args: letter (str): The column index letter. Returns: The column index as an integer. """ letter = letter.upper() result = 0 for index, char in enumerate(reversed(letter)): # Get the ASCII number of the letter and subtract 64 so that A # corresponds to 1. num = ord(char) - 64 # Multiply the number with 26 to the power of `index` to get the correct # value of the letter based on it's index in the string. final_num = (26 ** index) * num result += final_num # Subtract 1 from the result to make it zero-based before returning. return result - 1
I still haven't figured out how to get the column sizes though, so I've decided to use a fixed-width font and automatically scaled columns in my application.
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This might be extremely convoluted and I might be missing the obvious, but without OpenPyXL filling in the column_dimensions in Iterable Worksheets (see my comment above), the only way I can see of finding the column size without loading everything is to parse the xml directly:
from xml.etree.ElementTree import iterparse from openpyxl import load_workbook wb=load_workbook("/path/to/workbook.xlsx", use_iterators=True) ws=wb.worksheets xml = ws._xml_source xml.seek(0) for _,x in iterparse(xml): name= x.tag.split("}")[-1] if name=="col": print "Column %(max)s: Width: %(width)s"%x.attrib # width = x.attrib["width"] if name=="cols": print "break before reading the rest of the file" break
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import openpyxl as xl wb = xl.load_workbook("Sample.xlsx", enumerate) #the 2 lines under do the same. sheet = wb.get_sheet_by_name('sheet') sheet = wb.worksheets row_count = sheet.max_row column_count = sheet.max_column #this works fore me.
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https://pythonhosted.org/pyexcel/iapi/pyexcel.sheets.Sheet.html see : row_range() Utility function to get row range
if you use pyexcel, can call row_range get max rows.
python 3.4 test pass.
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- I have a feeling that if you have huge Excel files, you're likely using Excel for a task it is unsuited to.
- @Markus: That's not really relevant. My boss is using Excel, I'm just writing this script for him.
- In any case, I had a browse through openpyxl, and it doesn't seem to load the column dimensions for IterableWorksheet. If you load the whole thing at once you can get the dimensions like worksheet.column_dimensions["A"].width, however the column_dimensions dict is completely unpopulated for the iterable worksheet. :-/ It looks like the newer excel documents are just XML so you could in theory use that to look for your column elements and extract the info directly, but it's a hassle.
- Since when is 10MB huge?
- @MadPhysicist 10MB is actually moderately big for xlsx files. Remember, they are compressed XML. So a 10MB xlsx could potentially unpack to >100mb when loaded (especially if it contains non-primitive objects). I have worked with XLSX in the 90MB range though...
max_columndidn't work for
sheet = wb.active. I am using
- @Hussain: What value did you get and what did you expect? And what about
sheet = wb.worksheets?
sheet = wb.activeworked fine for me using that version
- but in this case, you're counting None valued cells as well, I tried to loop through the columns instead, I know it is not the best way. but it is useful for me.
- In hindsight, subtracting 1 from
sheet.get_highest_row()to get the row count was probably incorrect. Since the row numbers were 1-based, and not 0-based, the highest row index would also be the row count. There might have been a valid reason for subtracting 1 though, I can't recall.