Rename file names with folder names (maybe use Python)

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I have a parent folder that contains multiple folders within it. Then, each of these nested folders contains 4 files that make up a GIS shapefile and have different extensions (i.e., ".dbf", ".prj", ".shp", and ."shx"). I am new to coding (outside of R) and do not know whether this can be automated with Python or if I need to run a shell script (I'm working on a windows). I have very rudimentary coding schools so documentation would be great (and/or suggestions of "dummy" sites to read).

Here is an example of the current file structure (showing the four files I want to rename with the subfolder name):

Parent Folder:  "Raptors"
   Subfolder:  "Falco_peregrinus"
       File 1:  "ra03310.dbf"
       File 2:  "ra03310.prj"
       File 3:  "ra03310.shp"
       File 4:  "ra03310.shx"

Here is what I would like the four files to be renamed to:

File 1:  Falco_peregrinus.dbf
File 2:  Falco_peregrinus.prj
File 3:  Falco_peregrinus.shp
File 4:  Falco_peregrinus.shx

Thanks.


For a batch file solution

@echo off
    for /d %%a in ("c:\...\Raptors\*") do ren "%%~fa\*.*" "%%~na.*"

For each folder inside the parent one, rename all the files inside the folder to the name of the folder but keeping the extension

for command is used to iterate over the list of folders (/d) under the parent folder. For each of the folders, the replaceable parameter %%a will hold a reference to the subfolder and the code in the do clause is executed for each one.

The code in the do clause executes a ren command, for all the files under the subfolder (%%~fa is the folder being processed with full path), changing its name to the name of the folder (%%~na).

edited The answer is not completely correct. While the basic idea of using only one ren command to rename all the files under each folder is probably the fastest way, the way ren command handles wildcards makes this code fail if the folder name contains dots. To be sure the code will not fail, it is necessary to iterate over the files, renaming each one

for /d %%a in ("c:\...\Raptors\*") do for %%b in ("%%~fa\*") do ren "%%~fb" "%%~nxa%%~xb"

For each folder (%%a), for each file inside the folder (%%b), rename the file to the name of full folder name (%%~nxa) with the extension of the file (%%~xb)

Recursively rename files to their parent folder's name : Salem Marafi, Recursively rename files to their parent folder's name We will be using Python's os library. + ' - '+"{0:0=2d}".format(ind) + extension # If a file exists in the new path we defined, we probably do not want # to over write it. You will be very sad if you have multiple files with the same extension in any of those folders def rename_file(base_directory): #Get the folder name for base_directory (c:\users\foobar => foobar) directory_name = os.basename(base_directory) #List the files in base_directory for path in os.listdir(base_directory): old_name = base_directory + '/' + path #If the path points to a file, rename it directory name + '.' + extension if os.path.isfile(old_name): new_name = base_directory


You could use almost any programming language (probably including R) to do this. Python is a good choice here because it has such friendly syntax.

A extremely simple script that will solve your problem might look like this

import os
import os.path
'''
Given a file name, returns a pair with the name and extension (hello.txt => [hello,txt])
'''
def split_name(file_name):
    return file_name.rsplit('.',1)

'''
Recursively renames files in subdirectories of base_directory so each file is named the subdirectory name plus the extension
WARNING! You will be very sad if you have multiple files with the same extension in any of those folders
def rename_file(base_directory):

    #Get the folder name for base_directory (c:\users\foobar => foobar)
    directory_name = os.basename(base_directory)
    #List the files in base_directory
    for path in os.listdir(base_directory):
        old_name = base_directory + '/' + path
        #If the path points to a file, rename it directory name + '.' + extension
        if os.path.isfile(old_name):
           new_name = base_directory + '/' + directory_name + '.' + split_name(path)[1]
           if not os.path.exists(new_name):
                os.rename(old_name,new_name)
           else:
                print("ERROR:"+new_name+" exists")

        else:
           #If it's a subfolder, recursively call rename files on that directory.
           rename_files(old_name)

Also, I stongly suggest Learn Python The Hard Way by Zed Shaw and Dive Into Python by Mark Pilgrim

How Python Rename File, For renaming files in python, we will use the method rename() from Like the name suggests, it lets us rename files and directories. In the following example, we rename the folder 'NewFolder' to Or maybe thousands? Given multiple files in a directory having different names, the task is to rename all those files in sorted order. We can use OS module in order to do this operation. The OS module in python provides functions for interacting with the operating system and provides a portable way of using operating system dependent functionality. We can go to the current working directory using os.getcwd() method and rename the files with os.rame() method.


a simple windows command can solve your problem. Read HELP FOR and the try this in the Windows command line:

for /d %a in (*) do @for %b in (%a\*) do @ren %a\%b %a%~xb

let's analyze it

the first for will iterate over all (*) the directories /d and for each found, passed in %a the second for will iterate over all the files it contains (%a\*) and for each file found %b it will do rename ren it %a\%b with the name of the folder it is contained in %a keeping the same extension it had %~xb.

Automate the Boring Stuff with Python, Maybe you've had the experience of going through a folder full of dozens, If destination is a filename, it will be used as the new name of the copied file. text file is renamed to eggs (a text file without the .txt file extension)—probably not what  First, to get Python to rename a file Python needs to know where the file is located. That is, step 1 is finding the location of the file we want to change the name on. That is, if we store our Python scripts (or Jupyter notebooks) in certain directories, we need to tell Python the complete path to the file we want to rename.


This can be done with batch only, I publish this script only to demonstrate how easy this is in Ruby

# enumerate all subfolders of raptors
Dir.glob("raptors/**/*/") do |folder|
  # remember the prefix
  pre = File.basename(folder)[/.+_/]
  # enumerate all files under this folder
  Dir.glob("#{folder}*.*") do |file|
    File.rename(file,  "#{File.dirname(file)}/#{pre}#{File.basename(file)}")
  end
end

Rename multiple files using Python, rename(src, dst) : src is source address of file to be renamed and dst is destination with the new name. Now say given n images in a folder having random names. Python Rename File and Directory using os.rename () In Python, rename () method is used to rename a file or directory. It takes two arguments. Let's check the syntax.


There is another answer with python code, this code changed my GIS file names based on folder name very well: Thanks @Martin Evans.

Renaming filenames to a standard filename format using Python , There are several ways to do this, but maybe the simplest is to use os.rename(). Loop through file_list and rename according to whatever  Prerequisite : OS module in Python. In Python3, rename() method is used to rename a file or directory. This method is a part of the os module and comes extremely handy. Syntax for os.rename() : os.rename(src, dst) : src is source address of file to be renamed and dst is destination with the new name. Now say given n images in a folder having random names. For example, consider the image below:


Batch renaming file in a folder with the folder name, If that's the case, you could use the SKU folder name in the path and /​28548929/rename-file-names-with-folder-names-maybe-use-python Python / December 21, 2019. You may use the following template to rename a file using Python: import os os.rename (r'file path\OLD file name.file type',r'file path\NEW file name.file type') Let’s now review an example with the steps to rename a file using Python.


Need To Rename Files in Bulk? Here's a Python CLI Called file , sharing a python CLI for mass-renaming files. Tagged screenshot of folder showing long, repetitive audio file names. I got really After cloning the repo to your computer, you can run file-renamer with $ python3 script.py in the repo's directory. (Probably because the original filename wasn't found.)"). Python Programming Server Side Programming rename () method is used to rename a file or directory in Python3. The rename () method is a part of the os module. Syntax for os.rename ()


File names and paths, Python can also go through all of the directories and folders on your Once we have the full file name with directory path, we use the os.path.getsize utility to get there is no good information in these files so we can probably delete them. So we make the following change to the program to deal with these files as well. It's been a while since I've done batch files, but I do remember in DOS and probably also in Windows still, one could send a list of folder or file names to a text file to list them. dir /ad >c