How to disable SSL certificate checking with Spring RestTemplate?

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I am trying to write an integration test where our test launches an embedded HTTPS server using Simple. I created a self-signed certificate using keytool and am able to access the server using a browser (specifically Chrome, and I do get a warning about the self-signed certificate).

However, when I try to connect using Spring RestTemplate, I get a ResourceAccessException:

org.springframework.web.client.ResourceAccessException: I/O error on GET request for "https://localhost:8088":sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target; nested exception is javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target
    at org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate.doExecute(RestTemplate.java:557)
    at org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate.execute(RestTemplate.java:502)
    at org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate.exchange(RestTemplate.java:444)
    at net.initech.DummySslServer.shouldConnect(DummySslServer.java:119)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
    at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:17)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:26)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunAfters.evaluate(RunAfters.java:27)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:271)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:70)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:26)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunAfters.evaluate(RunAfters.java:27)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309)
    at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:160)
    at com.intellij.junit4.JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.startRunnerWithArgs(JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.java:74)
    at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.prepareStreamsAndStart(JUnitStarter.java:211)
    at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.main(JUnitStarter.java:67)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at com.intellij.rt.execution.application.AppMain.main(AppMain.java:134)
Caused by: javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target
    at sun.security.ssl.Alerts.getSSLException(Alerts.java:192)
    at sun.security.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.fatal(SSLSocketImpl.java:1917)
    at sun.security.ssl.Handshaker.fatalSE(Handshaker.java:301)
    at sun.security.ssl.Handshaker.fatalSE(Handshaker.java:295)
    at sun.security.ssl.ClientHandshaker.serverCertificate(ClientHandshaker.java:1369)
    at sun.security.ssl.ClientHandshaker.processMessage(ClientHandshaker.java:156)
    at sun.security.ssl.Handshaker.processLoop(Handshaker.java:925)
    at sun.security.ssl.Handshaker.process_record(Handshaker.java:860)
    at sun.security.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.readRecord(SSLSocketImpl.java:1043)
    at sun.security.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.performInitialHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:1343)
    at sun.security.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:1371)
    at sun.security.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:1355)
    at sun.net.www.protocol.https.HttpsClient.afterConnect(HttpsClient.java:563)
    at sun.net.www.protocol.https.AbstractDelegateHttpsURLConnection.connect(AbstractDelegateHttpsURLConnection.java:185)
    at sun.net.www.protocol.https.HttpsURLConnectionImpl.connect(HttpsURLConnectionImpl.java:153)
    at org.springframework.http.client.SimpleBufferingClientHttpRequest.executeInternal(SimpleBufferingClientHttpRequest.java:78)
    at org.springframework.http.client.AbstractBufferingClientHttpRequest.executeInternal(AbstractBufferingClientHttpRequest.java:48)
    at org.springframework.http.client.AbstractClientHttpRequest.execute(AbstractClientHttpRequest.java:52)
    at org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate.doExecute(RestTemplate.java:541)
    ... 33 more
Caused by: sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target
    at sun.security.validator.PKIXValidator.doBuild(PKIXValidator.java:387)
    at sun.security.validator.PKIXValidator.engineValidate(PKIXValidator.java:292)
    at sun.security.validator.Validator.validate(Validator.java:260)
    at sun.security.ssl.X509TrustManagerImpl.validate(X509TrustManagerImpl.java:324)
    at sun.security.ssl.X509TrustManagerImpl.checkTrusted(X509TrustManagerImpl.java:229)
    at sun.security.ssl.X509TrustManagerImpl.checkServerTrusted(X509TrustManagerImpl.java:124)
    at sun.security.ssl.ClientHandshaker.serverCertificate(ClientHandshaker.java:1351)
    ... 47 more
Caused by: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target
    at sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilder.build(SunCertPathBuilder.java:145)
    at sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilder.engineBuild(SunCertPathBuilder.java:131)
    at java.security.cert.CertPathBuilder.build(CertPathBuilder.java:280)
    at sun.security.validator.PKIXValidator.doBuild(PKIXValidator.java:382)
    ... 53 more

From other questions and blog posts I've seen the advice to replace the HostnameVerifier with something like

private static final HostnameVerifier PROMISCUOUS_VERIFIER = ( s, sslSession ) -> true;

And I've set it both globally and on the RestTemplate itself:

HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier( PROMISCUOUS_VERIFIER );

...and on the RestTemplate itself:

final RestTemplate restTemplate = new RestTemplate();
restTemplate.setRequestFactory( new SimpleClientHttpRequestFactory() {
    @Override
    protected void prepareConnection(HttpURLConnection connection, String httpMethod) throws IOException {
        if(connection instanceof HttpsURLConnection ){
            ((HttpsURLConnection) connection).setHostnameVerifier(PROMISCUOUS_VERIFIER);
        }
        super.prepareConnection(connection, httpMethod);
    }
});

Yet, I am still getting the above error. How can I get around it?

  1. Installing the certificate locally outside of the unit test is not an option as then it would need to get installed manually on every dev machine and build server and would cause an avalanche of red tape.
  2. We need SSL since we are testing a library that sits on top of RestTemplate and that we are configuring it correctly.

I am using Java 8 (but could use 7) and Spring 4.0.3 .


I wish I still had a link to the source that lead me in this direction, but this is the code that ended up working for me. By looking over the JavaDoc for X509TrustManager it looks like the way the TrustManagers work is by returning nothing on successful validation, otherwise throwing an exception. Thus, with a null implementation, it is treated as a successful validation. Then you remove all other implementations.

import javax.net.ssl.*;
import java.security.*;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

public final class SSLUtil{

    private static final TrustManager[] UNQUESTIONING_TRUST_MANAGER = new TrustManager[]{
            new X509TrustManager() {
                public java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers(){
                    return null;
                }
                public void checkClientTrusted( X509Certificate[] certs, String authType ){}
                public void checkServerTrusted( X509Certificate[] certs, String authType ){}
            }
        };

    public  static void turnOffSslChecking() throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, KeyManagementException {
        // Install the all-trusting trust manager
        final SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");
        sc.init( null, UNQUESTIONING_TRUST_MANAGER, null );
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sc.getSocketFactory());
    }

    public static void turnOnSslChecking() throws KeyManagementException, NoSuchAlgorithmException {
        // Return it to the initial state (discovered by reflection, now hardcoded)
        SSLContext.getInstance("SSL").init( null, null, null );
    }

    private SSLUtil(){
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException( "Do not instantiate libraries.");
    }
}

Disabling SSL Certificate Validation in Spring RestTemplate, I wish I still had a link to the source that lead me in this direction, but this is the code that ended up working for me. By looking over the JavaDoc for  Disable SSL certificate validation in RestTemplate Carvia Tech | December 05, 2019 | 3 min read | 7,784 views In non production environments, we often need to ignore bad ssl certificates (self-signed, expired, non trusted root, etc) for testing purpose.


For the sake of other developers who finds this question and need another solution that fits not only for unit-tests:

I've found this on a blog (not my solution! Credit to the blog's owner).

TrustStrategy acceptingTrustStrategy = (X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) -> true;

SSLContext sslContext = org.apache.http.ssl.SSLContexts.custom()
        .loadTrustMaterial(null, acceptingTrustStrategy)
        .build();

SSLConnectionSocketFactory csf = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(sslContext);

CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.custom()
        .setSSLSocketFactory(csf)
        .build();

HttpComponentsClientHttpRequestFactory requestFactory =
        new HttpComponentsClientHttpRequestFactory();

requestFactory.setHttpClient(httpClient);

RestTemplate restTemplate = new RestTemplate(requestFactory);

How to disable SSL certificate checking with Spring RestTemplate , Untrusted root of certificate. Gradle setup. We will be using Spring Boot 2 environment for this article, but you are free to  how - Disabling SSL Certificate Validation in Spring RestTemplate spring resttemplate ssl example (4) Essentially two things you need to do are use a custom TrustStrategy that trusts all certs, and also use NoopHostnameVerifier () to disable hostname verification. Here is the code, with all the relevant imports:


You can also register your keystore :

private void registerKeyStore(String keyStoreName) {
    try {
        ClassLoader classLoader = this.getClass().getClassLoader();
        InputStream keyStoreInputStream = classLoader.getResourceAsStream(keyStoreName);
        if (keyStoreInputStream == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException("Could not find file named '" + keyStoreName + "' in the CLASSPATH");
        }

        //load the keystore
        KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
        keystore.load(keyStoreInputStream, null);

        //add to known keystore 
        TrustManagerFactory trustManagerFactory = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
        trustManagerFactory.init(keystore);

        //default SSL connections are initialized with the keystore above
        TrustManager[] trustManagers = trustManagerFactory.getTrustManagers();
        SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");
        sc.init(null, trustManagers, null);
        SSLContext.setDefault(sc);
    } catch (IOException | GeneralSecurityException e) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);
    }
}

Disable SSL certificate validation in RestTemplate, How to skip SSL certificate verification while using Spring Rest Template? Configure Rest Template so it uses Http Client to create requests. If you are not much aware about RestTemplate, you can check out my detailed post about Spring Boot RestTemplate integration. 1 – Understanding the Issue. Sometimes, when we are using RestTemplate to make a call to a HTTPS endpoint, we can run into certificate issue. Doing the SSL check is the default behavior of the RestTemplate.


Here's a solution where security checking is disabled (for example, conversing with the localhost) Also, some of the solutions I've seen now contain deprecated methods and such.

/**
 * @param configFilePath
 * @param ipAddress
 * @param userId
 * @param password
 * @throws MalformedURLException
 */
public Upgrade(String aConfigFilePath, String ipAddress, String userId, String password) {
    configFilePath = aConfigFilePath;
    baseUri = "https://" + ipAddress + ":" + PORT + "/";

    restTemplate = new RestTemplate(createSecureTransport(userId, password, ipAddress, PORT));
    restTemplate.getMessageConverters().add(new MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter());
    restTemplate.getMessageConverters().add(new StringHttpMessageConverter());
 }

ClientHttpRequestFactory createSecureTransport(String username,
        String password, String host, int port) {
    HostnameVerifier nullHostnameVerifier = new HostnameVerifier() {
        public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session) {
            return true;
        }
    };
    UsernamePasswordCredentials credentials = new UsernamePasswordCredentials(username, password);
    CredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = new BasicCredentialsProvider();
    credentialsProvider.setCredentials(
            new AuthScope(AuthScope.ANY_HOST, AuthScope.ANY_PORT, AuthScope.ANY_REALM), credentials);

    HttpClient client = HttpClientBuilder.create()
            .setSSLHostnameVerifier(nullHostnameVerifier)
            .setSSLContext(createContext())
            .setDefaultCredentialsProvider(credentialsProvider).build();

    HttpComponentsClientHttpRequestFactory requestFactory = 
            new HttpComponentsClientHttpRequestFactory(client);

    return requestFactory;
}

private SSLContext createContext() {
    TrustManager[] trustAllCerts = new TrustManager[] { new X509TrustManager() {
        public java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            return null;
        }

        public void checkClientTrusted(
                java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] certs, String authType) {
        }

        public void checkServerTrusted(
                java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] certs, String authType) {
        }
    } };

    try {
        SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");
        sc.init(null, trustAllCerts, null);
        SSLContext.setDefault(sc);
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sc.getSocketFactory());
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(new HostnameVerifier() {
            public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session) {
                    return true;
                }
            });
        return sc;

    } catch (Exception e) {
    }
    return null;
}

Skip SSL certificate verification in Spring Rest Template, Fortunately I wasn't the first one with this question. Here is how you can set up your RestTemplate without the SSL Certificate Validation:  To bypass SSL checks in several spring projects I always re-use a SSLUtils class I wrote (or found) some time ago in conjunction with spring's RestTemplate. Using the class provided below you just need to call the static SSLUtil.turnOffSslChecking()method before you send your request.


Please see below for a modest improvement on @Sled's code shown above, that turn-back-on method was missing one line, now it passes my tests. This disables HTTPS certificate and hostname spoofing when using RestTemplate in a Spring-Boot version 2 application that uses the default HTTP configuration, NOT configured to use Apache HTTP Client.

package org.my.little.spring-boot-v2.app;

import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

import javax.net.ssl.HostnameVerifier;
import javax.net.ssl.HttpsURLConnection;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSession;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

/**
 * Disables and enables certificate and host-name checking in
 * HttpsURLConnection, the default JVM implementation of the HTTPS/TLS protocol.
 * Has no effect on implementations such as Apache Http Client, Ok Http.
*/
public final class SSLUtils {

    private static final HostnameVerifier jvmHostnameVerifier = HttpsURLConnection.getDefaultHostnameVerifier();

    private static final HostnameVerifier trivialHostnameVerifier = new HostnameVerifier() {
        public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession sslSession) {
            return true;
        }
    };

    private static final TrustManager[] UNQUESTIONING_TRUST_MANAGER = new TrustManager[] { new X509TrustManager() {
        public java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            return null;
        }

        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] certs, String authType) {
        }

        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] certs, String authType) {
        }
    } };

    public static void turnOffSslChecking() throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, KeyManagementException {
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(trivialHostnameVerifier);
        // Install the all-trusting trust manager
        SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");
        sc.init(null, UNQUESTIONING_TRUST_MANAGER, null);
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sc.getSocketFactory());
    }

    public static void turnOnSslChecking() throws KeyManagementException, NoSuchAlgorithmException {
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(jvmHostnameVerifier);
        // Return it to the initial state (discovered by reflection, now hardcoded)
        SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");
        sc.init(null, null, null);
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sc.getSocketFactory());
    }

    private SSLUtils() {
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Do not instantiate libraries.");
    }
}

Small hack to avoid SSL validation in Spring RestTemplate, How to skip SSL certificate verification while using Spring Rest Template? Configure Rest Template so it uses Http Client to create requests. I encourage you to add the certificate to your key chain so that the validation does not fail. If there is no alternative to disable the validation you'd need to do roughly two things: Instantiate the StatusUpdater in the SBA Server yourself with your custom RestTemplate; Disable the certificate validation for zuul.


Skip SSL certificate verification in Spring Rest Template, The Spring RestTemplate with SSL (HttpClient < 4.3) that this strategy entirely ignores certificate checking – which makes it insecure and only  This is because SSL certificate of the service you are calling is not signed by a trusted certificate authority. The workaround is to import the certificate into the certificate trust store (cacerts) of your JRE. download the cert by opening the URL in a browser, click the lock icon in the browser's address bar.


HttpClient with SSL, java How to disable SSL certificate checking with Spring RestTemplate? @Alex Debugging purposes such as what? How is providing 'the correct solution' not  Spring Boot provides a set of a declarative server.ssl.* properties. We'll use those properties in our sample application to configure HTTPS. We'll start from a simple Spring Boot application with Spring Security that contains a welcome page handled by the “/welcome” endpoint.


java How to disable SSL certificate checking with Spring , For some reasons, we don't want to verify certificate verification when data transfer has to happen over HTTPS. How to disable verification using restTemplate in Spring? Custom SSLContext sslContext = org.apache.http.ssl. As you can see, this is very similar to the way we configured SSL for the raw HttpClient – we configure the request factory with SSL support and then we instantiate the template passing this preconfigured factory. 6. The Spring RestTemplate with SSL (HttpClient 4.4)