Convert HTML entities to Unicode and vice versa

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Possible duplicates:

  • Convert XML/HTML Entities into Unicode String in Python
  • HTML Entity Codes to Text

How do you convert HTML entities to Unicode and vice versa in Python?


As to the "vice versa" (which I needed myself, leading me to find this question, which didn't help, and subsequently another site which had the answer):

u'some string'.encode('ascii', 'xmlcharrefreplace')

will return a plain string with any non-ascii characters turned into XML (HTML) entities.

Convert HTML entities to Unicode and vice versa, Possible duplicates Convert XMLHTML Entities into Unicode String in Python HTML Entity Codes to Text How do you convert HTML en For example '&' becomes '&'.""" text = unicode(BeautifulStoneSoup(text, convertEntities=BeautifulStoneSoup.ALL_ENTITIES)) return text def unicodeToHTMLEntities(text): """Converts unicode to HTML entities.


You need to have BeautifulSoup.

from BeautifulSoup import BeautifulStoneSoup
import cgi

def HTMLEntitiesToUnicode(text):
    """Converts HTML entities to unicode.  For example '&' becomes '&'."""
    text = unicode(BeautifulStoneSoup(text, convertEntities=BeautifulStoneSoup.ALL_ENTITIES))
    return text

def unicodeToHTMLEntities(text):
    """Converts unicode to HTML entities.  For example '&' becomes '&'."""
    text = cgi.escape(text).encode('ascii', 'xmlcharrefreplace')
    return text

text = "&, ®, <, >, ¢, £, ¥, €, §, ©"

uni = HTMLEntitiesToUnicode(text)
htmlent = unicodeToHTMLEntities(uni)

print uni
print htmlent
# &, ®, <, >, ¢, £, ¥, €, §, ©
# &amp;, &#174;, &lt;, &gt;, &#162;, &#163;, &#165;, &#8364;, &#167;, &#169;

Encode and decode a piece of text to its HTML equivalent, It must be converted to its corresponding < HTML entity to be displayed in the a way to convert HTML entities to their associated character and vice-versa. Convert HTML entities. This tool allows you to convert special characters into HTML entities and vice versa. Enter your text or character then click on one of the two buttons below and the revised string will appear in the lower box. Check the checkbox if you want to preserve HTML tags (< > " ).


Update for Python 2.7 and BeautifulSoup4

Unescape -- Unicode HTML to unicode with htmlparser (Python 2.7 standard lib):

>>> escaped = u'Monsieur le Cur&eacute; of the &laquo;Notre-Dame-de-Gr&acirc;ce&raquo; neighborhood'
>>> from HTMLParser import HTMLParser
>>> htmlparser = HTMLParser()
>>> unescaped = htmlparser.unescape(escaped)
>>> unescaped
u'Monsieur le Cur\xe9 of the \xabNotre-Dame-de-Gr\xe2ce\xbb neighborhood'
>>> print unescaped
Monsieur le Curé of the «Notre-Dame-de-Grâce» neighborhood

Unescape -- Unicode HTML to unicode with bs4 (BeautifulSoup4):

>>> html = '''<p>Monsieur le Cur&eacute; of the &laquo;Notre-Dame-de-Gr&acirc;ce&raquo; neighborhood</p>'''
>>> from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
>>> soup = BeautifulSoup(html)
>>> soup.text
u'Monsieur le Cur\xe9 of the \xabNotre-Dame-de-Gr\xe2ce\xbb neighborhood'
>>> print soup.text
Monsieur le Curé of the «Notre-Dame-de-Grâce» neighborhood

Escape -- Unicode to unicode HTML with bs4 (BeautifulSoup4):

>>> unescaped = u'Monsieur le Curé of the «Notre-Dame-de-Grâce» neighborhood'
>>> from bs4.dammit import EntitySubstitution
>>> escaper = EntitySubstitution()
>>> escaped = escaper.substitute_html(unescaped)
>>> escaped
u'Monsieur le Cur&eacute; of the &laquo;Notre-Dame-de-Gr&acirc;ce&raquo; neighborhood'

HTML::Entities, Encode or decode strings with HTML entities. which contain the mapping from all characters to the corresponding entities (and vice versa, respectively). The HTML character encoder converts all applicable characters to their corresponding HTML entities. Certain characters have special significance in HTML and should be converted to their correct HTML entities to preserve their meanings. For example, it is not possible to use the < character as it is used in the HTML syntax to create and close tags.


Unicode to HTML Entities Converter, Convert Unicode Text to HTML Entities. This tools converts unicode text to HTML Entities and vise-versa. I have a python script where I am getting some html and parsing it using beautiful soup. In the HTML sometimes there are no unicode characters and it causes errors with my script and the file I am


$ python3 -c "
> import html
> print(
>     html.unescape('&amp;&#169;&#x2014;')
> )"
&©—

$ python3 -c "
> import html
> print(
>     html.escape('&©—')
> )"
&amp;©—

$ python2 -c "
> from HTMLParser import HTMLParser
> print(
>     HTMLParser().unescape('&amp;&#169;&#x2014;')
> )"
&©—

$ python2 -c "
> import cgi
> print(
>     cgi.escape('&©—')
> )"
&amp;©—

HTML only strictly requires & (ampersand) and < (left angle bracket / less-than sign) to be escaped. https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/parsing.html#data-state

HTML entities | Vim Tips Wiki, unicodeswitch. ) that automagically converts entities when files are read and written, so you can view the characters, and write the codes, or vice versa. Java library to convert short codes, html entities to emojis and vice-versa. Also supports parsing emoticons, surrogate html entities. Inspired by vdurmont/emoji-java, emoji4j adds more goodies and helpers to deal with emojis. The emoji data is based on the database from github/gemoji and ASCII emoticons data from wooorm/emoticon. Usage. Stable:


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Java html encode special characters, Java html encode special characters. Convert HTML Entities to Special Characters and vise-versa. Provide details and share your research! But avoid … Convert UNICODE PST to ANSI PST format for easy accessibility of PST file into Outlook 2000 and other older Outlook versions. No PST file size limitation No size barrier of PST file so that you could perform the conversion of ANSI to Unicode and vice-versa on almost any size of Outlook PST file with any problem.


Converting Non-Unicode Text (The Java™ Tutorials , Unicode is a 16-bit character encoding that supports the world's major languages You can convert non-Unicode byte arrays into String objects, and vice versa. Then this library is for you, all your backend stores is the html entities. Your client application would have to convert all emoji objects in a given string and transmit that to your server. When the client request status or blog text it has to convert the html entities to emoji objects which your android operating system will resolve.