C++ std::shared_ptr usage and information

I am trying to use std::shared_ptr in my code. I have seen there have been other questions on the subject, but I am still getting a compiler error. Have I got the right version of gcc and setup?

What I have done:

I have tried to compile my code with both headers separately — <memory> and <tr1/memory> but still get the errors below in both cases.

The version of gcc I am using is

gcc --version
gcc (GCC) 4.3.2

When I include <memory> header I use std::shared_ptr and with the <tr1/memory> header I use std::tr1::shared_ptr? Is this correct?

I have set up the shared_ptr as follows:

std::shared_ptr<A*> ptr_A = shared_ptr( new A() );

The error I get is as follows:

src/WH.cxx:156: error: 'shared_ptr' is not a member of 'std'
src/WH.cxx:162: error: 'shared_ptr' was not declared in this scope

when I try the <tr1/memory> header

src/WH.cxx:156: error: 'std::tr1' has not been declared
src/WH.cxx:162: error: 'shared_ptr' was not declared in this scope

Looks like I am not including something correctly. Any ideas?

I know the boost library has shared_ptr but these libraries are not an option for me at the moment.

EDIT: Just to add, my compiler options are as follows: g++ -O3 -g3 -m32 -fPIC -Wno-deprecated -pthread -m32 Am I missing anything?

P.S. Is there any useful literature on the std smart pointers?

std::tr1::shared_ptr is part of the TR1 additions to the C++ STL. With GCC, it is available either through #include <tr1/memory> (GCC 4.1) or #include <memory> (GCC 4.3)

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If you don't have shared_ptr in std you can use it from boost.

#include <boost/shared_ptr.hpp>

boost::shared_ptr<A> ptr_A( new A() );

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  • You'd expect the documentation to include two things, but it doesn't: which header file to include, and which version of gcc first introduced it. gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/libstdc++/manual/shared_ptr.html
  • Depending on your version of GCC, std::shared_ptr may not exist, or may require you to specify -std=c++0x as a compiler option.
  • First, gcc 4.3 is very old. As of when you wrote your question, gcc 4.6 is out. Second, I believe shared_ptr is a C++11 feature, so even once you have the correct version, you will probably need to use -std=c++0x to use it.
  • Requests for tutorials/literature is outside the scope of this site as defined in the FAQ.
  • @wjl Some of us can't update compilers easily. Embedded systems often come in a collection of things, including compilers and hardware packages. Updating compiler versions can require physically changing the hardware, and that can be very expensive.
  • In GCC it depends on the presence of the -std=c++0x compiler option, too. (Or -std=c++11 from 4.7 onwards.)
  • Okay so here is my compiler options I am using. g++ -O3 -g3 -m32 -fPIC -Wno-deprecated -pthread -m32 . do I need to add -std=c++0x
  • -std=c++0x isn't needed for std::tr1::shared_ptr, is it?
  • Looks Like it is needed Fred. Well for my set up. Thanks Again!
  • With C++11 it is now std::shared_ptr