SHA-256 implementation in Python

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I'm looking for an implementation of the SHA-256 hash function written in Python. I want to use it to get a better understanding of how the SHA-256 function works, and I think Python is the ideal language for this. Pseudo-code has the limitation that I can't run/test it, to see what my modifications of the code do to the output.

PyPy's source contains a pure-python implementation of SHA-256 here. Poking around in that directory, you'll probably also find pure-python implementations of other standard hashes.

delqn/py-sha256: experimental pure python , Pure Python implementation of SHA2 (i.e., SHA224, SHA256, SHA384, and SHA512). - thomdixon/pysha2. PyPy's source contains a pure-python implementation of SHA-256 here. Poking around in that directory, you'll probably also find pure-python implementations of other standard hashes.

initial_hash_values=[
'6a09e667','bb67ae85','3c6ef372','a54ff53a',
'510e527f','9b05688c','1f83d9ab','5be0cd19'
]

sha_256_constants=[
'428a2f98','71374491','b5c0fbcf','e9b5dba5',
'3956c25b','59f111f1','923f82a4','ab1c5ed5',
'd807aa98','12835b01','243185be','550c7dc3',
'72be5d74','80deb1fe','9bdc06a7','c19bf174',
'e49b69c1','efbe4786','0fc19dc6','240ca1cc',
'2de92c6f','4a7484aa','5cb0a9dc','76f988da',
'983e5152','a831c66d','b00327c8','bf597fc7',
'c6e00bf3','d5a79147','06ca6351','14292967',
'27b70a85','2e1b2138','4d2c6dfc','53380d13',
'650a7354','766a0abb','81c2c92e','92722c85',
'a2bfe8a1','a81a664b','c24b8b70','c76c51a3',
'd192e819','d6990624','f40e3585','106aa070',
'19a4c116','1e376c08','2748774c','34b0bcb5',
'391c0cb3','4ed8aa4a','5b9cca4f','682e6ff3',
'748f82ee','78a5636f','84c87814','8cc70208',
'90befffa','a4506ceb','bef9a3f7','c67178f2'
]

def bin_return(dec):
    return(str(format(dec,'b')))

def bin_8bit(dec):
    return(str(format(dec,'08b')))

def bin_32bit(dec):
    return(str(format(dec,'032b')))

def bin_64bit(dec):
    return(str(format(dec,'064b')))

def hex_return(dec):
    return(str(format(dec,'x')))

def dec_return_bin(bin_string):
    return(int(bin_string,2))

def dec_return_hex(hex_string):
    return(int(hex_string,16))

def L_P(SET,n):
    to_return=[]
    j=0
    k=n
    while k<len(SET)+1:
        to_return.append(SET[j:k])
        j=k
        k+=n 
    return(to_return)

def s_l(bit_string):
    bit_list=[]
    for i in range(len(bit_string)):
        bit_list.append(bit_string[i])
    return(bit_list)

def l_s(bit_list):
    bit_string=''
    for i in range(len(bit_list)):
        bit_string+=bit_list[i]
    return(bit_string)

def rotate_right(bit_string,n):
    bit_list = s_l(bit_string)
    count=0
    while count <= n-1:
        list_main=list(bit_list)
        var_0=list_main.pop(-1)
        list_main=list([var_0]+list_main)
        bit_list=list(list_main)
        count+=1
    return(l_s(list_main))

def shift_right(bit_string,n):
    bit_list=s_l(bit_string)
    count=0
    while count <= n-1:
        bit_list.pop(-1)
        count+=1
    front_append=['0']*n
    return(l_s(front_append+bit_list))

def mod_32_addition(input_set):
    value=0
    for i in range(len(input_set)):
        value+=input_set[i]
    mod_32 = 4294967296
    return(value%mod_32)

def xor_2str(bit_string_1,bit_string_2):
    xor_list=[]
    for i in range(len(bit_string_1)):
        if bit_string_1[i]=='0' and bit_string_2[i]=='0':
            xor_list.append('0')
        if bit_string_1[i]=='1' and bit_string_2[i]=='1':
            xor_list.append('0')
        if bit_string_1[i]=='0' and bit_string_2[i]=='1':
            xor_list.append('1')
        if bit_string_1[i]=='1' and bit_string_2[i]=='0':
            xor_list.append('1')
    return(l_s(xor_list))

def and_2str(bit_string_1,bit_string_2):
    and_list=[]
    for i in range(len(bit_string_1)):
        if bit_string_1[i]=='1' and bit_string_2[i]=='1':
            and_list.append('1')
        else:
            and_list.append('0')

    return(l_s(and_list))

def or_2str(bit_string_1,bit_string_2):
    or_list=[]
    for i in range(len(bit_string_1)):
        if bit_string_1[i]=='0' and bit_string_2[i]=='0':
            or_list.append('0')
        else:
            or_list.append('1')
    return(l_s(or_list))

def not_str(bit_string):
    not_list=[]
    for i in range(len(bit_string)):
        if bit_string[i]=='0':
            not_list.append('1')
        else:
            not_list.append('0')
    return(l_s(not_list))

'''
SHA-256 Specific Functions:
'''

def Ch(x,y,z):
    return(xor_2str(and_2str(x,y),and_2str(not_str(x),z)))

def Maj(x,y,z):
    return(xor_2str(xor_2str(and_2str(x,y),and_2str(x,z)),and_2str(y,z)))

def e_0(x):
    return(xor_2str(xor_2str(rotate_right(x,2),rotate_right(x,13)),rotate_right(x,22)))

def e_1(x):
    return(xor_2str(xor_2str(rotate_right(x,6),rotate_right(x,11)),rotate_right(x,25)))

def s_0(x):
    return(xor_2str(xor_2str(rotate_right(x,7),rotate_right(x,18)),shift_right(x,3)))

def s_1(x):
    return(xor_2str(xor_2str(rotate_right(x,17),rotate_right(x,19)),shift_right(x,10)))

def message_pad(bit_list):
    pad_one = bit_list + '1'
    pad_len = len(pad_one)
    k=0
    while ((pad_len+k)-448)%512 != 0:
        k+=1
    back_append_0 = '0'*k
    back_append_1 = bin_64bit(len(bit_list))
    return(pad_one+back_append_0+back_append_1)

def message_bit_return(string_input):
    bit_list=[]
    for i in range(len(string_input)):
        bit_list.append(bin_8bit(ord(string_input[i])))
    return(l_s(bit_list))

def message_pre_pro(input_string):
    bit_main = message_bit_return(input_string)
    return(message_pad(bit_main))

def message_parsing(input_string):
    return(L_P(message_pre_pro(input_string),32))

def message_schedule(index,w_t):
    new_word = bin_32bit(mod_32_addition([int(s_1(w_t[index-2]),2),int(w_t[index-7],2),int(s_0(w_t[index-15]),2),int(w_t[index-16],2)]))
    return(new_word)

'''
This example of SHA_256 works for an input string <56 characters.
'''

def sha_256(input_string):
    w_t=message_parsing(input_string)
    a=bin_32bit(dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[0]))
    b=bin_32bit(dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[1]))
    c=bin_32bit(dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[2]))
    d=bin_32bit(dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[3]))
    e=bin_32bit(dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[4]))
    f=bin_32bit(dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[5]))
    g=bin_32bit(dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[6]))
    h=bin_32bit(dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[7]))
    for i in range(0,64):
        if i <= 15: 
            t_1=mod_32_addition([int(h,2),int(e_1(e),2),int(Ch(e,f,g),2),int(sha_256_constants[i],16),int(w_t[i],2)])
            t_2=mod_32_addition([int(e_0(a),2),int(Maj(a,b,c),2)])
            h=g
            g=f
            f=e
            e=mod_32_addition([int(d,2),t_1])
            d=c
            c=b
            b=a 
            a=mod_32_addition([t_1,t_2])
            a=bin_32bit(a)
            e=bin_32bit(e)
        if i > 15:
            w_t.append(message_schedule(i,w_t))
            t_1=mod_32_addition([int(h,2),int(e_1(e),2),int(Ch(e,f,g),2),int(sha_256_constants[i],16),int(w_t[i],2)])
            t_2=mod_32_addition([int(e_0(a),2),int(Maj(a,b,c),2)])
            h=g
            g=f
            f=e
            e=mod_32_addition([int(d,2),t_1])
            d=c
            c=b
            b=a 
            a=mod_32_addition([t_1,t_2])
            a=bin_32bit(a)
            e=bin_32bit(e)
    hash_0 = mod_32_addition([dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[0]),int(a,2)])
    hash_1 = mod_32_addition([dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[1]),int(b,2)])
    hash_2 = mod_32_addition([dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[2]),int(c,2)])
    hash_3 = mod_32_addition([dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[3]),int(d,2)])
    hash_4 = mod_32_addition([dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[4]),int(e,2)])
    hash_5 = mod_32_addition([dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[5]),int(f,2)])
    hash_6 = mod_32_addition([dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[6]),int(g,2)])
    hash_7 = mod_32_addition([dec_return_hex(initial_hash_values[7]),int(h,2)])
    final_hash = (hex_return(hash_0),
                  hex_return(hash_1),
                  hex_return(hash_2),
                  hex_return(hash_3),
                  hex_return(hash_4),
                  hex_return(hash_5),
                  hex_return(hash_6),
                  hex_return(hash_7))
    return(final_hash)

thomdixon/pysha2: Pure Python implementation of SHA2 , Included are the FIPS secure hash algorithms SHA1, SHA224, SHA256, SHA384 , and SHA512 The Python implementation uses an inline version of hmac . This is a SHA-256 implementation that allows for setting and getting the mid-state information.

If you only want the hash value:

from hashlib import sha256
data = input('Enter plaintext data: ')
output = sha256(data.encode('utf-8'))
print(output)

Python's hashlib also has SHA-1, SHA-384, SHA-512, and MD5 hash functions.

hashlib — Secure hashes and message digests — Python 3.8.5 , hashlib.sha256(hash_string.encode()).hexdigest() return sha_signature. Here we have a method that takes a string to be hashed and returns� SHA in Python. Started off in 1993, SHA was revised through a number of versions. SHA-0 was withdrawn a long time ago due to detection of many loopholes. Similarly, SHA-1 is also not recommended and hence is not in use anymore. Next, SHA-2 was introduced. Hash functions in SHA-2 are- SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, SHA-512, SHA-512/224, SHA-512/256.

Translating http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHA-2#SHA-256_.28a_SHA-2_variant.29_pseudocode to Python should be straight forward.

SHA256 Encryption with Python. SHA2 hashing can be used to , SHA, ( Secure Hash Algorithms ) are set of cryptographic hash functions SHA256 : This hash function belong to hash class SHA-2, the internal block size of it� I wanted to create a python program thats asks for an input then hashes(sha-256) the input then prints it. Does this already exist? How would I go about doing so.

SHA in Python, SHA-256 is the recommended stronger alternative to SHA-1. implementing the algorithm in your language, show that the SHA-256 digest of the 55 Pike; 56 PowerShell; 57 PureBasic; 58 Python; 59 R; 60 Racket; 61 Raku. This Python implementation of the SHA256 follows the official publication http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips180-4/fips-180-4.pdf The goal of this code base is not to create a novel way of hashing or improve the speed of existing implementation. The goal is to create human readable implementation (And we are not there yet.)

SHA-256, Learn to create simple SHA256 outputs via Python.Duration: 2:19 Posted: 7 Nov 2018 SHA 256 hashing algorithm is widely used in security applications and protocols. The following python program computes the SHA256 hash value of a file. Note that the computed hash is converted to a readable hexadecimal string. # Python program to find SHA256 hexadecimal hash string of a file

Python Tutorial - Sha256 Hash Output, This page shows Python examples of hashlib.sha256. implementation): """ Custom hook to load cached implementation of custom models. """ compiled� Pure python3 implementation of SHA256 based on @thomdixon's pysha2 - pysha2 sha2 sha256.py

Comments
  • However, for "production" use, it's (nearly) always better to use the library version of crypto code. from Crypto.Hash import SHA256
  • That code looks like it has some license attached that would prevent you from posting it here without attribution.
  • @MattTimmermans I wrote the script. What is it about the code that makes you think that? The magic happens in int() and format()
  • @MattTimmermans You should see my SHA-3 answers then! Exact same style!
  • Is this tested? I got a different result when calling your print(str(sha_256("hi"))) than when I ran echo "hi" | sha256sum
  • This harder than it sounds because all the input / output conversion logic is not presented, and that is fairly non-trivial.