Get file attributes (hidden, readonly, system, archive) in Python

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Just started learning Python. How can i get a status of file's attributes in Python? I know that os.chmod(fullname, stat.S_IWRITE) delete readonly attribute, but how can i get status without changing it? I need to get all of the attributes of "hidden", "system", "readonly", "archive"

You can use directly the Windows API like that

import win32con
import win32api
attrs = win32api.GetFileAttributes(filepath)
attrs & win32con.FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SYSTEM
attrs & win32con.FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN

File.SetAttributes(String, FileAttributes) Method (System.IO , Sets the specified FileAttributes of the file on the specified path. path specified a file that is read-only. -or- The following example demonstrates the GetAttributes and SetAttributes methods by applying the Archive and Hidden attributes to a file. To obtain the current working directory, see GetCurrentDirectory. Certain file attributes, such as Hidden and ReadOnly, can be combined. Other attributes, such as Normal, must be used alone. It is not possible to change the compression status of a File object using the SetAttributes method. For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks. Applies to See also. FileSystemWatcher; File and Stream I/O

you need to take a look at module stat and os.stat

 os.stat(path)

Perform the equivalent of a stat() system call on the given path. (This function follows symlinks; to stat a symlink use lstat().)

The return value is an object whose attributes correspond to the members of the stat structure, namely:

    st_mode - protection bits,
    st_ino - inode number,
    st_dev - device,
    st_nlink - number of hard links,
    st_uid - user id of owner,
    st_gid - group id of owner,
    st_size - size of file, in bytes,
    st_atime - time of most recent access,
    st_mtime - time of most recent content modification,
    st_ctime - platform dependent; time of most recent metadata change on Unix, or the time of creation on Windows)

Read-only Windows files with Python, How do you use Python to get or change read-only/writeable access on Using win32 you can also set other Windows file attributes (unlike� Change file attributes using Command Prompt. The command prompt comes with a console attrib command which allows managing file attributes. It supports the following attributes: R Read-only file attribute. A Archive file attribute. S System file attribute. H Hidden file attribute. O Offline attribute. I Not content indexed file attribute.

If you are using python 3.4+ you can use pathlib stat method.

from pathlib import Path

print(Path(r"D:\temp\test.txt").stat())

Output:

os.stat_result(
    st_mode=33206, 
    st_ino=204632308068721491, 
    st_dev=67555953, 
    st_nlink=1, 
    st_uid=0, 
    st_gid=0, 
    st_size=4, 
    st_atime=1550757968, 
    st_mtime=1550757968, 
    st_ctime=1550757951
)

here is more information about os.stat_result

changing file attributes on windows � Python recipes � ActiveState , The win32api module offers SetFileAttributes whiles allows you to make changes to a file in windows. You can set a file to be read only, archive, hidden, etc. To get around this problem you need to use the win32 call to� Removing with os.remove can fail on windows, if it's attributes are not normal. To get around this problem you need to use the win32 call to SetFileAttributes to convert it to a normal file. Of course, this should be done with caution, since there probably a good reason the file is not normal.

shutil — High-level file operations — Python 3.8.5 documentation, On Windows, file owners, ACLs and alternate data streams are not copied. the files the symbolic links refer to—reading the information from the src symbolic link , argument, try to copy extended file system attributes too (currently Linux only). _): "Clear the readonly bit and reattempt the removal" os.chmod(path, stat. On Unix OS(OSX, Linux, etc) hidden files start with a '.' so we can filter them out using a simple startswith check. On windows, we need to check file attributes and then determine whether the file/folder is hidden or not. Example. For example, you can use the following code to delete all hidden files:

Get Current Model Information with Python, ReadOnly ): rc += "Read Only " if( attr & FileAttributes.Hidden ): rc += "Hidden " if( attr & FileAttributes.System ): rc += "System " if( attr & FileAttributes.Archive ): rc� But that does not work via Powershell. You will need to get all items inside your folders and set the attribute directly on files. This simple one liner works. Get-ChildItem d:\test -Recurse | % {$_.attributes = "readonly"} If you need more help I suggest to open a topic in Powershell forum. Cheers Leos

How To Hide Or Unhide Folders Using Attrib Command, It displays, sets or removes the read-only, hidden and archive file attributes +s : Used to set the file attribute as a system file. Open your drive and check that your destination folder will not be there since it is now hidden. 30 Days Of Python - Day 4 - Data Types III � 🤷♂Tips To Write Clean C#� File attributes are stored as a bitmap in a 32-bit number, with each bit corresponding to an attribute. Bit 0 is 2**0 == 1. Bit 1 is 2**1 == 2, and so on. Here's the complete list of file attribute constants. To check for an attribute use a bitwise AND (i.e. operator &). For example: readonly = attrs & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY.

Comments
  • which operating system, on linux for instance a hidden file is any file with a . as the first character of the name, on windows though I think it is a file attribute.
  • What's the attrs & part do?
  • The FileAttributes is flags integer so you need to check each bit, each bit represent a boolean value.