How can you make a random number generator that chooses between the number 2 or 3. (not 1,2,3)

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Hi I am working on a monty hall generator and in part of my code I need it to generate random number 2 or 3. It cannot be 1,2,3 but the computer needs to select between 2 or 3. Thanks!

I have tried randomCarDoor = ( rand() % 3 ) + 1; but does not work.

randomCarDoor = ( rand() % 3 ) + 1;

It gives me the number 1,2,3 but I just want 2 and 3

You can use the low order bit of the random value, but it is very risky as some pseudo-random number generators do not provide adequate dispersion on low order bits:

int two_or_three = 2 + rand() % 2;

A much better way is to use the magnitude of the random number which is specified as having a flat distribution:

int two_or_three = 2 + (rand() >= RAND_MAX / 2);

If you want numbers 1 and 3, here is a simple solution for any pair:

int random_value = (rand() < RAND_MAX / 2) ? 1 : 3;

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This is not trivial using rand() since a linear congruential generator typically alternates between odd and even numbers.

So one of the worst things you can do it to use a formula based on rand() % 2.

In this particular case, I suggest you draw based on

n = rand();

and call it 1 if n < RAND_MAX / 2 and 3 otherwise, which you can do with

rand() < RAND_MAX / 2 ? 1 : 3

That might have adequate statistical properties - perhaps some unwanted autocorrelation - but probably no worse than rand() itself.

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