Difference between JOIN and INNER JOIN

difference between inner join and outer join
left outer join
difference between left join and left outer join
inner join vs outer join performance
joins in sql
inner join vs left join
mysql join
cross join vs inner join

Both these joins will give me the same results:

SELECT * FROM table JOIN otherTable ON table.ID = otherTable.FK


SELECT * FROM table INNER JOIN otherTable ON table.ID = otherTable.FK

Is there any difference between the statements in performance or otherwise?

Does it differ between different SQL implementations?

They are functionally equivalent, but INNER JOIN can be a bit clearer to read, especially if the query has other join types (i.e. LEFT or RIGHT or CROSS) included in it.

Difference between JOIN and INNER JOIN, JOIN and INNER JOIN are the same, the inner keyword is optional as all joins are The difference between JOIN and FULL OUTER JOIN is the same as the  The ‘Inner join’can be shortened to just ‘join’. 5: Which is better? Although ‘join’ means the same as ‘Inner join’, a good developer should use clear syntaxes to avoid ambiguities. ‘Inner join’ is better, although it is equivalent to ‘join’ in performance as well as function.

No, there is no difference, pure syntactic sugar.

JOIN vs. INNER JOIN and FULL OUTER JOIN, An inner join focuses on the commonality between two tables. When using an inner join, there must be at least some matching data between two (or more) tables  In SQL, a join is used to compare and combine — literally join — and return specific rows of data from two or more tables in a database. An inner join finds and returns matching data from tables, while an outer join finds and returns matching


INNER JOIN is the default if you don't specify the type when you use the word JOIN.

You can also use LEFT OUTER JOIN or RIGHT OUTER JOIN, in which case the word OUTER is optional, or you can specify CROSS JOIN.


For an inner join, the syntax is:


(in other words, the "INNER" keyword is optional - results are the same with or without it)

Inner Join vs Outer Join, You can easily notice that we have 2 new rows in the table country, one That is the biggest difference when comparing INNER JOIN vs LEFT  [image source]. As shown in the above diagram, there are two entities i.e. table 1 and table 2 and both the tables share some common data. An Inner Join will return the common area between these tables (the green shaded area in the diagram above) i.e. all the records that are common between table 1 and table 2.

Does it differ between different SQL implementations?

Yes, Microsoft Access doesn't allow just join. It requires inner join.

Learn SQL: INNER JOIN vs LEFT JOIN, INNER JOIN and JOIN have the same function just to make it clearer to read, you can specify Duration: 3:08:06 Posted: Jun 26, 2019 The key difference between inner join and natural join is that inner join provides the result based on the matched data according to the equality condition specified in the SQL query while natural Join provides the result based on the column with the same name and same data type present in tables to be joined.

Similarly with OUTER JOINs, the word "OUTER" is optional. It's the LEFT or RIGHT keyword that makes the JOIN an "OUTER" JOIN.

However for some reason I always use "OUTER" as in LEFT OUTER JOIN and never LEFT JOIN, but I never use INNER JOIN, but rather I just use "JOIN":

SELECT ColA, ColB, ...
FROM MyTable AS T1
     JOIN MyOtherTable AS T2
         ON T2.ID = T1.ID
     LEFT OUTER JOIN MyOptionalTable AS T3
         ON T3.ID = T1.ID

Difference between JOIN and INNER JOIN, Here is the answer – They are equal to each other. There is absolutely no difference between them. They are equal in performance as well as  Cross Join Vs Inner Join in SQL Server. The definition behind the SQL Server Cross Join and Inner Join are: SQL INNER JOIN: It returns the records (or rows) present in both tables If there is at least one match between columns. SQL CROSS JOIN: It returns the Cartesian product of both the tables. Cartesian product means Number of Rows present in

SQL - Difference Between INNER JOIN and JOIN, Inner and outer joins are combine rows from two or more tables into a single result using a join condition. The join condition specifies how columns from each table  JOIN word can be used instead of INNER JOIN, both meant the same. INNER JOIN is the intersection of data between table A and table B. The above query can be rewritten without using inner join like below but the performance will be impacted compared to inner join –

What is the Difference between Inner and Outer Joins?, Frankly speaking, in Sql Server there is no difference between JOIN and INNER JOIN. They produce the same result and also the same  SQL join clause is used to to retrieve data from two or more database tables. In the previous article, I have explained the Different Types of SQL Joins.In this article, I would explain the difference among inner join, equi join and natural join.

Difference between JOIN and INNER JOIN in Sql Server, Join vs Inner Join In this communication driven world, we obviously need to handle data in an efficient manner as communication is all about  Though both inner and outer joins include rows from both tables when the match condition is successful, they differ in how they handle a false match condition. Inner joins don’t include non-matching rows; whereas, outer joins do include them. Let’s dig a little deeper into the mechanics of each. Inner Join Mechanics

  • See this question: <stackoverflow.com/questions/448023?sort=newest>
  • As a side note: CROSS JOIN is a good to know join type (it differs from INNER JOIN).
  • Is this true for all data bases (e.g. SQL, postgres?) Does anyone know a link to the documentation explaining this?
  • It's ANSI SQL standard. See more: contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/~shadow/sql/sql1992.txt; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SQL-92
  • The query is clear enough just by writing JOIN, INNER is just noise.
  • Maybe I'm a purist, but I think it's better to be explicit than implicit when writing SQL. INNER JOIN is more readable, especially in complex queries.
  • @Ivanzinho: Keyboard strokes are not the measure of query or program complexity. Real life complexity comes from maintainability, where readability plays a major role. The fact that when it says INNER JOIN, you can be sure of what it does and that it's supposed to be just that, whereas a plain JOIN will leave you, or someone else, wondering what the standard said about the implementation and was the INNER/OUTER/LEFT left out by accident or by purpose.
  • I wouldn't call this syntactic sugar. "Default" join type, "shorthand," or "alias," maybe.
  • In computer science, syntactic sugar is syntax within a programming language that is designed to make things easier to read or to express. I believe ability to omit INNER falls under this definition.
  • If you apply the definition very literally, yes, but I've always seen it reserved for more interesting types of syntax, not just alternative names for things.
  • @Quassnoi the mere fact that this question is asked, shows the absense of INNER does not make the query easier to read. For all I know, JOIN could well mean LEFT JOIN if it wasn't cleared up by the answers here.
  • @Quassnoi Your comment's quoted introductory wiki statement is true of syntactic sugar, but it's inadequate as a definition. Syntactic sugaring is about simpler syntax for special cases of complex syntax. It is more appropriate to say that INNER is a "noise word".
  • I am the opposite of you: I always say "INNER JOIN" but I never use OUTER; so "LEFT JOIN" and "RIGHT JOIN". Guess I'm just keeping my character counts constant!
  • @Jonathan.There is no concept of direction on an inner join. Outer joins can produce unmatched results sets and those can vary based on direction. Inner require matching so the direction does not matter.