Need help adding random float in SQLite

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I am trying to add a random float to an existing value for an entire column in SQLite

Adding a number to an existing shouldn't be hard and UPDATE myTable SET Column1=Column1+1 should work. If I am correct it will get each value in column1 and add 1 to it.

The problem is getting the random number, my aim is to have something similar to this

UPDATE mytable SET Column1=(Column1 + (RAND Between 0.5 AND 0.8));

so each row has a different random float added that's been generated between 2 floats added to it.

My issue is that the only reference I have found for random under SQLite is that the random function generates an integer.

The documentation says:

The random() function returns a pseudo-random integer between -9223372036854775808 and +9223372036854775807.

So to get a number between -1 and 1, you would have to divide the return value by 9223372036854775808.

To get a number between 0 and 1 instead, divide by 2×9223372036854775808, then add ½.

To get other ranges, scale and add an offset appropriately:

UPDATE MyTable
SET Column1 = Column1 + (random() / 18446744073709551616 + 0.5) * 0.3 + 0.5;

Need help adding random float in SQLite - sqlite, I am trying to add a random float to an existing value for an entire column in SQLite Adding a number to an existing shouldn't be hard and UPDATE myTable SET  The following statement uses the random() function to return a random integer. SELECT random(); random() ----- 8713427140561224584In case the number of rows in a table is small, you can use the random() function to get a number of random rows. For example, to get 5 random albums in the albums table, you use the following statement:

You can get a random floating point number in the interval (-1, 1] from SQLite like so:

SELECT RANDOM() / CAST(-9223372036854775808 AS REAL)

Therefore, you can get a value in the standard random number interval of [0, 1) with:

SELECT 0.5 - RANDOM() / CAST(-9223372036854775808 AS REAL) / 2

...and modify as appropriate from there.

Using SQLite Round Function To Round Off Numberic Values, The SQLite round function returns a floating-point value that represents value rounded to a specified length or precision. This means that it may return positive or negative integers as a random number. Every time when we execute SQLite Random() function we will get different result between “-9,223,372,036,854,775,808” to “+9,223,372,036,854,775,807” Syntax of SQLite Random() Function. Following is the syntax of SQLite Random() function to get the random

While the other answers here are equally valid ways of doing this, I should mention that SQLite has an API for calling foreign functions, which is exposed in the bindings for a number of languages. This could let you define a binding to your host language's random function instead of using the one that's built-in. In Python, for example, using their sqlite3 module, it's a simple as this :

import random, sqlite3
db_conn = sqlite3.connect(":memory:")

# A function named "random_between" with 2 arguments
# that calls the python function random.uniform
db_conn.create_function('random_between', 2, random.uniform)

results = db_conn.execute("SELECT random_between(0.3, 0.8)").fetchall()
print(results)

This avoids cluttering your SQL query with arithmetics and makes it look a lot more like what you were initially aiming for. It does require that you run the query via the C API or a language-specific binding to it, this cannot work as a "pure SQL" solution.

SQLite Functions, This section shows the most commonly used SQLite string functions that help you SUM, Returns the sum of all non-null values in a column RANDOM, Returns a random floating-point value between the minimum and maximum If you did not find the tutorial that you are looking for, you can use the following search box. The precision is a positive integer. The value is rounded to its closest representation, not towards zero. If either value or precision is NULL, the ROUND () function returns NULL. If you omit the precision argument, it is assumed to be zero.

SQLite Frequently Asked Questions, is in use then an unused key value is chosen at random. You can put arbitrary length strings into integer columns, floating point So, for example, if a column is of type INTEGER and you try to insert a string into We make this concession since many users choose to ignore the advice given in the previous paragraph. The string returned by sqlite_source_id() is the date and time that the source code was checked in followed by the SHA1 hash for that check-in. This function is an SQL wrapper around the sqlite3_sourceid() C interface. sqlite_version() The sqlite_version() function returns the version string for the SQLite library that is running.

Python Get Random Float Numbers using random and Uniform , Use Numpy.random to generate a random array of float numbers. Let's assume you want to generate a random float number between stop),2) unique_set.add(​x) result.append(x) return result print("List of Founder of PYnative.com I am a Python developer and I love to write articles to help developers. 1. Datatypes In SQLite. Most SQL database engines (every SQL database engine other than SQLite, as far as we know) uses static, rigid typing. With static typing, the datatype of a value is determined by its container - the particular column in which the value is stored.

Python SQLite Insert into Table [Complete Guide], Insert single and multiple rows into SQLite table from Python. Insert Integer, string, float, double, and datetime values into a SQLite table To perform SQLite INSERT query from Python, you need to follow Founder of PYnative.com I am a Python developer and I love to write articles to help developers. SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to select random ROWIDs when inserting new records into a table that already uses the largest possible ROWID. The PRNG is also used for the built-in random() and randomblob() SQL functions. This interface allows applications to access the same PRNG for other purposes.

Comments
  • How did you try to convert the integer into a float? Why didn't it work?
  • I have not tried to convert the int into a float, first off I was not sure how to do that within a query and second of all, that still doesn't give me a float between two other floats, nearest thing to that would be to generate an int and then divide it to make a float, but that still relies on converting which I didn't (don't) know about.
  • sorry if that sounded a little bit of a harsh comment, wasn't my intention but reading it it may feel that way, further more, something that I also read that the random function is only generated once per query, not sure if this is true, I am working on formulating a query with the conversion to a float. any heads up on this would be useful
  • Casting int to float could result in a "exponential random", not uniform in 0..1
  • Thanks for the answer, using your response to question I done more searching and got this UPDATE TableName SET Column1 = (Column1 + ((abs(random()) % (100-1) + 1)*0.001)) this creates a random float between 0.001 and 1 (at least it should as it has worked in my test query) I will test yours out too, out of interest which one would be more efficient?
  • sorry again, meant to be 0.1 and 0.001, to get the 0.01 to 1.0 edit the above with *0.01 UPDATE TableName SET Column1 = (Column1 + ((abs(random()) % (100-1) + 1)*0.01))
  • Thanks again for the information, much appreciated, any chance you could give a reference to the % part as I only found this example elsewhere on the internet (the sqlite page on the random function didn't show anything about it sqlite.org/c3ref/randomness.html ) so I am not sure about the % (:High-:Low)+:Low part sorry if this is a noob question I'm not too good at programming and fairly new to databases overall
  • see Uniformity of random numbers taken modulo N
  • This will not work, as 18446744073709551616 is equivalent to 0.