## Understanding Recursion (applying it on Bubble Sort)

bubble sort using recursion java

insertion sort

recursive insertion sort

recursive bubble sort time complexity

non recursive sorting algorithms

bubble sort java

merge sort

I am trying to figure out how to use recursion in programs. I understand how recursion works in classical examples like "factorial", but am not sure how to apply it on my own...

I am starting out with converting an iterative bubble sort code into a recursive code... I have searched over the net for the same.... but am not able to find a convincing solution/explanation..

Example iterative code for bubble sort is:

arr[n]-> array with elements (1..n) which is to be sorted

for(i:1 to n) for(j:1 to n-1) if(arr[j+1]>arr[j]) swap(arr[j+1],arr[j]);

Would feel helpful if someone could give a hint about how to go about...

public void sort(int[] arr, int first, int last){ if(first < last && last > 0){ if(arr[first] > arr[first+1]){ int temp = arr[first]; arr[first] = arr[first+1]; arr[first+1] = temp; } sort(arr, first+1, last); sort(arr, first, last-1); } else return; }

Late for 2 years, but maybe it will useful to someone

**Recursive Bubble Sort,** Recursive Bubble Sort has no performance/implementation advantages, but can be a good question to check one's understanding of Bubble Sort and recursion. If we take a closer look at Bubble Sort algorithm, we can notice that in first pass, we move largest element to end (Assuming sorting in increasing order). In second pass, we move second largest element to second last position and so on. Recursion Idea. Base Case: If array size is 1, return. Do One Pass of normal Bubble Sort. This pass fixes last element of current subarray.

I am not sure whether Bubblesort is a good algorithm to practice recursion on. It would be quite ugly to convert it to recursion because it's a nested cycle. It would look something like this:

function pass(i,j,n,arr) { if(arr[i]>arr(j)) swap(arr[i],arr[j]); if(j==n) { j=0; i=i+1; } if(i==n+1) return arr; return pass(i,j+1,n,arr); }

It's the same for loop, only longer to define, using a lot more memory.

You should instead try to implement QuickSort. It needs recursion, and it's a lot faster in most cases than BubbleSort. Most platforms implemented it already, so you don't have to write it yourself, but it's good to know how it works, and it helps understand recursion.

If you want you might also try to solve this problem using recursion: You have a table NxM of numbers, and a starting coordinate (position). It's a ^travellers^ position. The traveller can travel to an adjacent cell (right, left, up or down) which has a smaller number than the one he's on. You must write a program that computes the longest path the traveller can pass under these constraints. Use random to generate the array, or generate it manually.

**Java Program for Recursive Bubble Sort,** It contains well written, well thought and well explained computer science and Bubble Sort is the simplest sorting algorithm that works by repeatedly swapping the Please refer complete article on Recursive Bubble Sort for more details! How to create a basic application in Java Spring Boot · Count the number of Recursive techniques can be utilized in sorting algorithms, allowing for the sorting of n elements in O(nlogn) time (compared with the O(n2) efficiency of bubble sort. Two such algorithms which will be examined here are Mergesort and Quicksort.

Recursion is a design technique based on inductive proofs. Considers one or more base (simple) case(s) for your problem, and one or more ways to move the problem closer to being a base-case problem. Then, at each step of the algorithm, you either recognize completion (and deal appropriately with a base case) make the problem slightly closer to being a base case.

Bubble sort is just an application of the observation that a sorted array has all adjacent pairs of elements in order. Defined recursively, it works like:

- Base case: There's an array of size 1 (or less) to sort. It's sorted, of course.
- Inductive case: Bubble the largest element to the top of the array. Now there's a one-element smaller array to sort, which do.

You can write that very idea in the programming language of your choice, and you get bubble sort. Oh, but you have to define what it means to "bubble the largest element". Well, that's another opportunity for recursive design. I think you get the idea, though.

Faster sorts are mostly based on observations about how you get closer to the goal in less work. Quick sort, for instance, relies on the notion that, if an array is sorted, then there is some element P, and all elements less than P are to P's left, and all elements more than P are to P's right. If you can establish that property on an array, and also pick P, then you can cut the problem roughly in half at each step instead of simply by one.

**️ 🤙 Understanding recursion (applying it when sorting bubbles),** public void sort(int[] arr, int first, int last){ if(first < last && last > 0){ if(arr[first] > arr[first+1]){ int temp = arr[first]; arr[first] = arr[first+1]; arr[first+1] = temp; } sort(arr, Bubble sort is a stable, in-place sorting algorithm that is named for the way smaller or larger elements “bubble” to the top of the list. Although the algorithm is simple, it is too slow and impractical for most problems even when compared to insertion sort and is not recommended when n is large.

Here is a recursive bubblesort in javascript:

function bubbleSortRecursive(array, index1, index2) { //define index1 and index2 if user doesn't pass them in index1 = typeof index1 == "undefined" ? 0 : index1; index2 = typeof index2 == "undefined" ? array.length : index2; if (index1 > index2) { return array; } else if (index1 == index2 - 1) { return bubbleSortRecursive(array, 0, index2 - 1); } else if (array[index1] > array[index1 + 1]) { //bubble the larger value towards the end of the array var temp = array[index1]; array[index1] = array[index1 + 1]; array[index1+1] = temp; return bubbleSortRecursive(array, index1 + 1, index2); } else { return bubbleSortRecursive(array, index1 + 1, index2); } }

The first 2 lines inside the function allow the user to call `bubbleSortRecursive(array)`

and the function will define the `index1`

and `index2`

**Recursive Bubble Sort in C,** Let's start with understand the basics of bubble sort using recursion. This will result in the current input by applying the simple functions to the Java Program for Recursive Bubble Sort Background : Bubble Sort is the simplest sorting algorithm that works by repeatedly swapping the adjacent elements if they are in wrong order.

Here is another easy way to sort your array `recursively`

using `Bubble-Sort`

.

static void recursive_bubble_sort(int[] Arr, int l) {// 'Arr' is the array where 'l' is the length of the array if (l == 0) { return; } for (int j = 0; j < l - 1; j++) { if (Arr[j] > Arr[j + 1]) { swap(Arr[j], Arr[j + 1]); } } recursive_bubble_sort(Arr, l - 1); }

For recursive solution, the length must be updated so function always works with the remaining items from array.

**Recursion and sorting algorithms,** I'm going to present pretty much all of the sorting algorithms recursively, so we What is the smallest case, the case where I can give the answer right away? Like recursion, the heart of an inductive proof is the act of applying the proof Bubble sort is a sorting algorithm that isn't really suited for recursive implementation. - [Instructor] Now let's try to understand how recursion…works, and why would we get that stack overflow error…in case you forgot the breaking condition,…or if the depth of recursion is big.…So let's use the factorial program to understand this.…Now as you may know that a program's runtime…usually creates a stack, which is called a

**Examples of Recursion: Recursion in Sorting,** Recursive techniques can be utilized in sorting algorithms, allowing for the sorting of n elements in O(nlogn) time (compared with the O(n2) efficiency of bubble Possible duplicate of Recursive function returning none in Python – user3483203 Jul 3 '18 at 3:58 Recursive functions are no different than normal Python functions in how they return values, all the recursive calls to bubbleSort are getting thrown away because you aren't accessing the result. – user3483203 Jul 3 '18 at 3:58

**Bubble Sort Program using Recursion & Iterative Approach,** In this tutorial, I have explained bubble sort algorithm and it's implementation using recursive Duration: 8:03
Posted: 2 Mar 2019 Here is a visualization of the algorithm in process. Each time the function recurses, it's working on a smaller and smaller subdivision of the input array, starting with the left half of it. Each time the function returns from recursion, it will continue on and either start working on the right half, or recurse up again and work on a larger half.

**Recursive bubble sort python,** This will result in the current input by applying the simple functions to the returned value. Let's start with understand the basics of bubble sort using recursion. Join Raghavendra Dixit for an in-depth discussion in this video, Understanding recursion, part of Introduction to Data Structures & Algorithms in Java.

##### Comments

- Can you explain why you want to make bubble sort recursive? Doesn't seem like a good idea...
- IMHO recursion is really not useful for bubble sort (to increase its readability or performance). Basically you would just change the first
`for`

into a recursion.`RecBSort(arr, i) { ...; RecBSort(arr, i++)}`

. Which is pretty useless. - i just want to try out converting "any" known iteration-based code into an equivalent recursive code, to understand recursion better... bubble sort came first to my mind as a classical example of iteration-based code... no other specific reason for choosing bubble-sort...
- Dear VadimFromUa, it's completely OK to answer the old questions cuz over 2500 users have watched this and it's useful for others.
- Thank you very much, 3 years later, and your answer is still useful. Will be using your algorithm for a 2nd semester class of 30 students today :-)
- Even later comment: This is an
*extremely*slow version of Bubble Sort. You end up with a bunch of redundant sorts of already sorted parts of the array. The swap &`sort(arr, first+1, last)`

should be recursing*without*calling`sort(arr, first, last-1)`

on each recursive call - only once when the "bubbling" is done. - Well, quicksort has a very natural expression in recursion, but it doesn't "need" it. You never "need" recursion, its just that sometimes it is the clear way to write something.
- Well yeah, that's what I meant.
- +1 on "Bubble sort is just an application of the observation that a sorted array has all adjacent pairs of elements in order". Very well thought, never stopped to think about this before :-)
- Um, bubble sort is actually one of the most
**in**efficient sorting algorithms out there. - Yes it is :) . But we can make it more efficient than it is by exiting the loop when there were no swaps happened.