driver can not be resolved error while WebDriver is defined outside public static void main() from different function through Selenium and Java

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I'm using Selenium through Eclipse using Java. I have multiple parts of code that I want to shorten by using a function. However driver is declared in the public static void main.When I try using the following code outside of that, it says "driver can not be resolved." How can I fix this?

    public void TypeinField(String xpath, String value) {
    String val = value; 
    WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.xpath(xpath));
    element.clear();

    for (int i = 0; i < val.length(); i++){
        char c = val.charAt(i);
        String s = new StringBuilder().append(c).toString();
        element.sendKeys(s);
    }       
}

Wait I figured it out, my bad. I didn't search hard enough on stackoverflow.

According to this "driver cannot be resolved" - Selenium Java TestNG

"Define WebDriver driver at class level" So I'm going to do that outside the public static void main.

Edit: I still need help please! Defining driver at the class level removes the error, but it now I can't get any commands like "find element" or "send keys" to work.

Top 10 Selenium Exceptions and How To Handle These (Exact Code), Handling Exceptions in Selenium WebDriver - In this tutorial we will not carry out as expected due to many factors involved in execution such public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException Generally, it is difficult to handle errors in java. public void setUp() throws MalformedURLException {. You dont need a static driver or static methods in Selenium test automation. Because they bring more problems than benefits. Such as breaking encapsulation, making objects mutable and promoting procedural code.


Deban,

You are using the "driver" within a method - but you didn't passed the driver to the method to the new function.

In your new function - add parameter of driver and use it. It will work

public void TypeinField(String xpath, String value, WebDriver driver) {
String val = value; 
WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.xpath(xpath));
element.clear();

for (int i = 0; i < val.length(); i++){
    char c = val.charAt(i);
    String s = new StringBuilder().append(c).toString();
    element.sendKeys(s);
}       

}

How to fix common Selenium errors?, Selenium webdriver errors that are commonly faced by QA Engineers InvalidOperationException : unknown error: Element is not clickable private Actions WebDriverActions => new Actions(Driver); public void ChromeW3C() Similar to the error above, but it's slightly different in wording and message  How To Handle Exception Through Selenium Web Driver An exception is an event in software development language, which terminates the program, if the worst program scenarios are not handled properly. Basically in general programming language, we can also say that Exception is a class which is sub class of Throwable class.


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