How to unit test retrofit call?

How to unit test retrofit call?

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For Example I have a retrofit interface such as:

interface SampleService {
    fun getSomething(@body someBody: SomeBody)

Now I have a class which uses this interface such as:

class UserRequester(val service: SampleService) {
     fun doGetSomething(someValue: String) {
         val response = service.getSomething(SomeBody(someValue))
         // ...

I want to test this class but dont know how to mock it.

I'm trying the following:

val mockSampleService = mock()
val userRequester = UserRequester(mockSampleService)
val requestBody = SomeBody(someString))

My problem is that since I create the request object inside the function, I could not make the mock when().thenReturn() to work since i am technically passing two different object.

How should I test this? Thanks in advance.

The mocking problem (UserRequester)

You are not able to mock the mockSampleService method because your class is creating the SomeBody object and is different from the SomeBody object you are creating in your test.

Now you have 2 options:

  1. Use Mockito.any() in your test, in this way you basically say that whatever your method is gonna use as parameter you will return the mocked behaviour
  2. Use a factory that given a someString returns you a SomeObject like this:

// the factory
class SomeObjectFactory{

    fun createSomeObject(someString: String): SomeObject {
        return SomeObject(someString)


//the class
class UserRequester(
val service: SampleService, val factory: SomeObjectFactory
) {
     fun doGetSomething(someValue: String) {
         val response = service.getSomething(factory.createSomeObject(someValue))
         // ...

//the test
class MyTest{

    fun myTestMethod(){
        val mockSampleService = mock()
        val factory = mock()
        val someBody = mock()
        val userRequester = UserRequester(mockSampleService, factory)

    //rest of the code


The second approach is the cleanest one.

Testing Retrofit calls (SampleService)

I wouldn't unit test a Retrofit call.

When you are dealing with frameworks, apis, databases, shared preferences is always preferable to do integration tests instead of unit tests.

In this way you are actually testing that your code is working with the outside world.

I suggest you to test Retrofit calls with MockWebServer (it's a library from Square, the same company that developed OkHttp and Retrofit).

This read may be also helpful.

How to unit test Retrofit api calls?, I test my Retrofit callbacks using Mockito, Robolectric and Hamcrest libraries. First of all, set up lib stack in your module's build.gradle: Testing Retrofit calls (SampleService) I wouldn't unit test a Retrofit call. When you are dealing with frameworks, apis, databases, shared preferences is always preferable to do integration tests instead of unit tests. In this way you are actually testing that your code is working with the outside world.

The problem is that there is static dependency on SomeBody's constructor:

val response = service.getSomething(SomeBody(someValue))

What you could do to have control over the instantiation of SomeBody is to use a "provider" or "factory" object, you can inject it in the constructor and invoke it at the right time:

interface SampleService {
    fun getSomething(someBody: SomeBody)

open class SomeBody(val body: String)

open class UserRequester(
    val service: SampleService,
    val someBodyProvider: (String) -> SomeBody
) {

    fun doGetSomething(someValue: String) {
        val response = service.getSomething(someBodyProvider(someValue))

And mock it in your tests:

val someValue = "foo"
val sampleService: SampleService = mock()
val someBody: SomeBody = mock()
val someBodyProvider: (String) -> SomeBody = mock {
    on { invoke(someValue) }.thenReturn(someBody)
val userRequester = UserRequester(sampleService, someBodyProvider)



I used an anonymous function but you might as well make it an interface.

Unit testing API requests on Android, In this article I want to show you a tutorial on how I decided to test the API Request layer using RxAndroid, Retrofit, Mockito and the Model View  Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Unit testing Retrofit api call with Mockito

Probably SomeBody is a plain value object, since Retrofit requests work with value objects. If you define the equals method for the SomeBody class then the eq matcher will work, and you can write using mockito-kotlin:


Actually, you can omit the eq matcher, Mockito will use the equals method for matching.

If SomeBody is a Kotlin data class then the equals method is automatically defined by comparing the fields.

If for some reason you don't want to rely on equals, then you can use the argThat matcher defined in mockito-kotlin:

whenever(mockService.getSomething(argThat { theField == someValue })).thenReturn(stubbedResult)

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