What is the execution sequence of Group By, Having and Where clause in SQL Server?

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I am just confused with the execution sequence of an SQL query when we use GROUP BY and HAVING with a WHERE clause. Which one gets executed first? What is the sequence?

in order:

FROM & JOINs determine & filter rows WHERE more filters on the rows GROUP BY combines those rows into groups HAVING filters groups ORDER BY arranges the remaining rows/groups LIMIT filters on the remaining rows/groups

SELECT with WHERE, GROUP BY, HAVING and ORDER BY, SQL gives you options for retrieving, analyzing, and displaying the information you need with the GROUP BY, HAVING, and ORDER BY clauses. Here are some​  The phases involved in the logical processing of an SQL query are as follows: FROM clause; ON clause; OUTER clause; WHERE clause; GROUP BY clause; HAVING clause; SELECT clause; DISTINCT clause; ORDER BY clause; TOP clause; In practice this order of execution is most likely unchanged from above. With this information, we can fine-tune our queries for speed and performance. You must remember though, that the actual physical execution of an SQL statement is determined by the database's query

Here is the complete sequence for sql server :

1.  FROM
2.  ON
3.  JOIN
4.  WHERE
5.  GROUP BY
6.  WITH CUBE or WITH ROLLUP
7.  HAVING
8.  SELECT
9.  DISTINCT
10. ORDER BY
11. TOP

So from the above list, you can easily understand the execution sequence of GROUP BY, HAVING and WHERE which is :

1.  WHERE
2.  GROUP BY
3.  HAVING

Get more information about it from Microsoft

How to Use GROUP BY, HAVING, and ORDER BY SQL Clauses , In this blog post, we visit, at a high-level, the major SQL clauses as that SQL execution order is definitely different from that of its syntax. Those given names can be used in ORDER BY and GROUP BY clauses but not WHERE or HAVING gain, as they are still computed for the query plan in the server. The GROUP BY Clause is used to group rows with same values. The GROUP BY Clause is used together with the SQL SELECT statement. The SELECT statement used in the GROUP BY clause can only be used contain column names, aggregate functions, constants and expressions. The HAVING clause is used to restrict the results returned by the GROUP BY clause.

WHERE is first, then you GROUP the result of the query, and last but not least HAVING-clause is taken to filter the grouped result. This is the "logical" order, I don't know how this is technically implemented in the engine.

Care To Know Clauses: All About SELECT, FROM, WHERE , HAVING Clause returns the grouped records which match the given condition. You can also sort the grouped records using ORDER BY. SQL gives you options for retrieving, analyzing, and displaying the information you need with the GROUP BY, HAVING, and ORDER BY clauses. Here are some examples of how you can use them. GROUP BY clauses Sometimes, rather than retrieving individual records, you want to know something about a group of records. The GROUP BY clause …

I think it is implemented in the engine as Matthias said: WHERE, GROUP BY, HAVING

Was trying to find a reference online that lists the entire sequence (i.e. "SELECT" comes right down at the bottom), but I can't find it. It was detailed in a "Inside Microsoft SQL Server 2005" book I read not that long ago, by Solid Quality Learning

Edit: Found a link: http://blogs.x2line.com/al/archive/2007/06/30/3187.aspx

GROUP BY and HAVING Clause in SQL, Understanding query order can help you diagnose why a query won't run, The SQL order of execution defines the order in which the clauses of a query But it can be solved using the having clause, explained below. GROUP BY Clause. Group by collapses fields of the result set into their distinct values. If you're looking for the short version, this is the logical order of operations, also known as the order of execution, for an SQL query: FROM, including JOINs; WHERE; GROUP BY; HAVING; WINDOW functions; SELECT; DISTINCT; UNION; ORDER BY; LIMIT and OFFSET; But the reality isn't that easy nor straight forward.

SQL Query Order of Execution, What is the execution sequence of Group By, Having and Where clause in SQL Server? where, group by, having order by sequence sql query with where, group​  Answer / bhagyashri jain. First of all, when Group by and having clauses are there , the Where clause can't present there, so order of group by, having is respectively

Learn SQL - SQL Lesson 12: Order of execution of a Query, HAVING. If the query has a GROUP BY clause, then the constraints in the HAVING clause are then applied to the grouped rows  In the modern world, SQL query planners can do all sorts of tricks to make queries run more efficiently, but they must always reach the same final answer as a query that is executed per the standard order of execution. This order is: FROM Clause. SQL’s from clause selects and joins your tables and is the first executed part of a query.

What is the difference between WHERE and HAVING clauses , SELECT FROM WHERE GROUP BY HAVING. To help keep things straight I like to think of the order of execution of SQL statements from top to bottom. SQL HOME SQL Intro SQL Syntax SQL Select SQL Select Distinct SQL Where SQL And, Or, Not SQL Order By SQL Insert Into SQL Null Values SQL Update SQL Delete SQL Select Top SQL Min and Max SQL Count, Avg, Sum SQL Like SQL Wildcards SQL In SQL Between SQL Aliases SQL Joins SQL Inner Join SQL Left Join SQL Right Join SQL Full Join SQL Self Join SQL

Where, Group By, Having, Order --- Usage sequence?, Where, Group By, Having, Order --- Usage sequence? RRS feed · SQL Server. > Transact-SQL. HAVING. If the query has a GROUP BY clause, then the constraints in the HAVING clause are then applied to the grouped rows, discard the grouped rows that don't satisfy the constraint. Like the WHERE clause, aliases are also not accessible from this step in most databases. 5. SELECT. Any expressions in the SELECT part of the query are finally computed. 6.

Comments
  • is there any reference to this??
  • @Geshan, look into SET SHOWPLAN_ALL ON
  • Hi, I have one question. will the case statement when condition override the where condition ?
  • What about the select Clause. Is it in the Last?
  • Short and concise answer! Thank you!
  • Worth adding that the optimizer may move clauses from HAVING to WHERE if they don't depend on an aggregate. This will not affect the results shown.
  • Very nice explanation you linked to :-).
  • Link is dead. If you can fix that, it would be great :)
  • What you explained here is brilliant. It cleared my doubt regarding HAVING. So to summarise - GROUP BY & HAVING works same as SELECT & WHERE. HAVING clause always runs on COMPLETE table data taking the GROUP BY condition in picture and NOT ON GROUPED data.
  • This is actually wrong. According to MS Certified Trainers and official training material, Order By is after Select. Kind of logical when you think about it. It would be stupid to order a virtual table that you have not yet fetched and glued. :)