Why does my var become undefined yet being set in the previous function?

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Currently I'm trying to simulate a login / register form and I'm currently running in to a problem I can't seem to find an solution to where it says my "username" is undefined yet running the onReg function first.

var tempusername
var temppassword
var tempconpassword

var username
var password

function onReg(tempusername, temppassword, tempconpassword, username, password){

tempusername = document.querySelectorAll("[name=username]")[0].value
temppassword = document.querySelectorAll("[name=password]")[0].value
tempconpassword = document.querySelectorAll("[name=conpassword]")[0].value

if(temppassword == tempconpassword && tempusername.length>2 && temppassword.length>2 && tempconpassword.length>2 ){

    username = tempusername
    password = tempconpassword
    alert(username + " : " + password)

}
else if (password!=tempconpassword){
    alert("Password doesnt match or is to short!")

}
}

function onLogin(username,password) {
    alert("Does this work?" + username)
}

I think it might be because it's not a Global scope? and if so how could I come across doing it with this code?

username inside onLogin is a formal function parameter. You have to explicitly pass a value to it when calling onLogin.

var x = 'foo';
function checkX() {
    alert(x);
}  
function badCheckX(x) {
    alert(x);
}
checkX(); // 'foo'
badCheckX(); // undefined
badCheckX('bar'); // 'bar'
badCheckX(x); // 'foo'  

7 Tips to Handle undefined in JavaScript, In JavaScript, a function that doesn't have return statement implicitly returns undefined : Of course, indicating near return the expression to be returned Helped by ASI, you can remove the semicolons from the previous example: There is one small, but annoying trap created by ASI. My issue occurs when I attempt to use taxRate inside the computeTip function. If I use taxRate, computeTip doesn't understand the value of taxRate, stating it is undefined, and even if I do specify tips::taxRate, before I even compile Visual Studio states. Error: a nonstatic member reference must be relative to a specific object.

I think you should use document.getElementById("[name=username]").value

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Do not use variables that have been declared already as parameters of a function. username and password are already declared as variables, so you should replace them with some other names. Try using usernameX and passwordX instead.

function onLogin(usernameX,passwordX) {

    // will alert the value of the first parameter (usernameX)
    alert("Does this work?" + usernameX) 

    //if you want to get the value of the variable 
    alert("Does this work?" + username)

}

undefined, A variable that has not been assigned a value is of type undefined . A method or statement also returns undefined if the variable that is being evaluated does not have logs "foo string" (function(undefined) { console.log(undefined, typeof so checking the existence of a variable in the global context can be  When a function has no return value;, it returns undefined. There’s generally no need to use such a return result. When you declare a variable by having a var a statement in a block, but haven’t yet assigned a value to it, it is undefined. Again, you shouldn’t really ever need to rely on that.

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Comments
  • Where did you call onReg ?
  • can you submit your code on jsfiddle.net so anyone in the community can look into it?
  • In my html <button class="req" onclick="onReg()">Create</button>
  • and what about the variables of onReg(tempusername, temppassword, tempconpassword, username, password)?
  • please share HTML and js else submit your code on jsfiddle.net