What is the HTML5 equivalent to the align attribute in table cells?

html table align
html td vertical-align
html table cell align
html align text in table center
attribute align is not a valid attribute of element td
in table text align center
td align=center not working
css table align

I'm refactoring an old site, and that maze is full of tables. We're moving to HTML5 and I need to fix a table full of

<td align="center">

code. I found a partial solution by creating a class

.centered {
    text-align: center;

and assigning it to every TD containing text. But this is not working on images and some other elements.

margin: auto;

won't work either. What's the fastest way to center ALL content inside a TD?

If they're block level elements they won't be affected by text-align: center;. Someone may have set img { display: block; } and that's throwing it out of whack. You can try:

td { text-align: center; }
td * { display: inline; }

and if it looks as desired you should definitely replace * with the desired elements like:

td img, td foo { display: inline; }

The align attribute on the td element is obsolete. Use CSS instead., Your HTML5 markup contains an <td> element with a align attribute in the form: in markup in preference of CSS rules that can achieve the equivalent effect. HTML5 do not support the align tag, Just keep in mind, the usage of style attribute overrides any style set globally. It will override any style set in the HTML <style> tag or external style sheet. For text-align, set the table cell as left, right or center align. You can try to run the following code to center align text in table cells in HTML.

You can use inline css : <td style = "text-align: center;">

The align attribute on the table element is obsolete. Use CSS instead., This attribute is no longer present in HTML5. You should use CSS instead. The fix will depend somewhat on the context in which the <table> element appears in your markup and the CSS rules already applied to that element and the surrounding elements. The purpose of the HTML valign attribute is to define the vertical alignment of the content of a table cell. Supported elements HTML valign attribute supports col, colgroup, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead, tr elements.

According to the HTML5 CR, which requires continued support to "obsolete" features, too, the align=center attribute is rather tricky. Rendering rules for tables say: td elements with that attribute "are expected to center text within themselves, as if they had their 'text-align' property set to 'center' in a presentational hint, and to align descendants to the center."

And aligning descendants is defined as so that a browser will "align only those descendants that have both their 'margin-left' and 'margin-right' properties computing to a value other than 'auto', that are over-constrained and that have one of those two margins with a used value forced to a greater value, and that do not themselves have an applicable align attribute. When multiple elements are to align a particular descendant, the most deeply nested such element is expected to override the others. Aligned elements are expected to be aligned by having the used values of their left and right margins be set accordingly."

So it really depends on the content.

What is the HTML5 equivalent to the align attribute in table cells , If they're block level elements they won't be affected by text-align: center; . Someone may have set img { display: block; } and that's throwing it  What does What Replaced Td Align After HTML5?: We've Got The Answer (And The Code) do? Was used to specify the alignment of the contents of a single table data cell. This attribute has been deprecated. Use CSS to control alignment of the contents of a table data cell.

you can use this code as replacement for table align


Alignment, font styles, and horizontal rules in HTML documents, This attribute sets the background color for the document body or table cells. equivalent to specifying the DIV element with the align attribute set to "center". The value is defined as a length in pixels. Hence, a cellspacing="10" attribute-value pair will horizontally and vertically separate all adjacent cells in the respective table by a length of 10 pixels. It will also offset all cells from the table's frame on all four sides by a length of 10 pixels.

Add this code into your StyleSheet:


HTML, The HTML <td> align attribute is used to set the horizontal alignment of text to set the width of all lines equal. char: It sets the text-align to a specific character. vertical-align: top has to be placed on the td itself. Clarification, vertical-align: top; must be in a rule which targets the desired cell ( TD).

HTML td tag, The <td> tag also supports the Event Attributes in HTML. More Examples. Example. How to align content inside <td> (with CSS):. valign. This attribute specifies the vertical alignment of the text within each row of cells of the table header. Possible values for this attribute are: baseline, which will put the text as close to the bottom of the cell as it is possible, but align it on the baseline of the characters instead of the bottom of them.

<td>: The Table Data Cell element, align Obsolete since HTML5: This enumerated attribute specifies how Internet Explorer: The <td> element should be styled using CSS. To create a similar effect use the background-color property in CSS instead. How to fix: The align attribute on the td element is obsolete. Use CSS instead.. Most likely cause, what this error means and how to fix it.

Align attribute is obsolete, An equivalent to align, which is obsolete in HTML 5, for aligning text With HTML 4, you can horizontally align an element in a cell in a table  Attribute Value Description; colspan: number: Specifies the number of columns a cell should span: headers: header_id: Specifies one or more header cells a cell is related to

  • width: 50%; margin: 0 auto; that should center all content in a div.
  • If you are reworking your site "moving to HTML5", then maybe you should abandon table layouts as well while you’re at it …
  • can you show us in a jsFiddle where it's "not working"?
  • you may need to make "display: inline;" for those images and other elements inside the td
  • Refactoring an old site is generally unproductive, or has negative productivity. You will encounter many problems like this, and what do you expect to achieve?
  • I would suggest using direct child selection like td * as he may have elements deeper in ment to align or display differently
  • If the elements still need to be blocks, then inline-block would be another option.
  • Warning: if there are nested tables in the tables, using td * {display:inline} will totally wreck your site.
  • Very good point. I'll replace "you can replace" with "you should definitely replace".
  • OK, everything should be working now, thanks to all of you. On a side note, some programmers still think that tables are fine when you need to display data, and that's my case. This should grant more compatibility with old browsers, that why we stick to tables at the moment.
  • Whoa. I didn't know you were on Stack Overflow. I will be reading through your answers all morning now. =)
  • The OP was asking for TD alignment.
  • How does this solve OPs question? He wants to centre text, and you are telling him how to move it vertically.