toArray with pre sized array

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when using ar.toArray(new String[ar.size()]) Android studio 3.2.1 warns about pre-sized array and recommends empty array:

There are two styles to convert a collection to an array: either using a pre-sized array (like c.toArray(new String[c.size()])) or using an empty array (like c.toArray(new String[0]). In older Java versions using pre-sized array was recommended, as the reflection call which is necessary to create an array of proper size was quite slow. However since late updates of OpenJDK 6 this call was intrinsified, making the performance of the empty array version the same and sometimes even better, compared to the pre-sized version. Also passing pre-sized array is dangerous for a concurrent or synchronized collection as a data race is possible between the size and toArray call which may result in extra nulls at the end of the array, if the collection was concurrently shrunk during the operation. This inspection allows to follow the uniform style: either using an empty array (which is recommended in modern Java) or using a pre-sized array (which might be faster in older Java versions or non-HotSpot based JVMs).

is it true for Android or just for java?

using a pre-sized array (which might be faster in older Java versions or non-HotSpot based JVMs).

because i think Android is non-HotSpot its virtual machine was Dalvik and now it is ART

Great question.

https://shipilev.net/blog/2016/arrays-wisdom-ancients/#_new_reflective_array

Bottom line: toArray(new T[0]) seems faster, safer, and contractually cleaner, and therefore should be the default choice now. Future VM optimizations may close this performance gap for toArray(new T[size]), rendering the current "believed to be optimal" usages on par with an actually optimal one. Further improvements in toArray APIs would follow the same logic as toArray(new T[0]) — the collection itself should create the appropriate storage.

toArray with pre sized array, Call to 'toArray()' with pre-sized array argument 'new PathMatcher[collection.size(​)]' less (Ctrl+F1) There are two styles to convert a collection  Call to 'toArray()' with pre-sized array argument 'new String[list.size()]' Inspection info: There are two styles to convert a collection to an array: either using a pre-sized array (like c.toArray(new String[c.size()])) or using an empty array (like c.toArray(new String[0]).

pre-sized array is not recommended in HotSpot based JVMs · Issue , Using the empty array will get better performance @State(Scope.Thread) @​OutputTimeUnit(TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS)  public Object[] toArray() or public <T> T[] toArray(T[] a) Parameters: This method either accepts no parameters or it takes an array T[] a as parameter which is the array into which the elements of the list are to be stored, if it is big enough; otherwise, a new array of the same runtime type is allocated for this purpose.

it reads since late updates of OpenJDK 6 and it does not matter which run-time is being used to run it - because the language-level of the code, which runs as compiled classes on Dalvik, might be Java 6, 7, 8. it only matters which language-level the project used to compile it. for example:

compileOptions {
    sourceCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
    targetCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
}

setting JavaVersion.VERSION_1_6 might possibly even disable the inspection complaint... fixing performance issues on these dated devices is probably not worth the effort - and some/most might not even be affected, because only the "earlier updates" behave different than all what followed up.

Should not use pre-sized array for toArray method · Issue #348 , toArray(new T[size]) and simple Collection. method can also be used to pass through a pre-allocated array in which to put the results. In fact  The ToArray method is called on the resulting List<T>, creating an array of three elements. The elements of the array are displayed. using namespace System; using namespace System::Collections::Generic; void main () { array<String^>^ input = { "Brachiosaurus", "Amargasaurus", "Mamenchisaurus" }; List<String^>^ dinosaurs = gcnew List<String^> ( (IEnumerable<String^>^) input); Console::WriteLine (" Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity); Console::WriteLine (); for each (String^ dinosaur

Collection.toArray(new T[0]) will be faster than Collection.toArray , toArray() argument shapes. Of course, we want to try all variants of toArray calls. The particular interest is the zero-sized-array call vs. the presized  If the passed array has enough space, then elements are stored in this array itself. If the passed array doesn’t have enough space, a new array is created with same type and size of given list. If the passed array has more space, the array is first filled with list elements, then null values are filled.

Arrays of Wisdom of the Ancients, Call to 'toArray()' with pre-sized array argument 'new String[list.size()]' Inspection info: There are two styles to convert a collection to an array:  Collection.toArray() call style In older Java versions using pre-sized array was recommended, as the reflection call which is necessary to create an array of proper size was quite slow.

Warning: Call to 'toArray()' with pre-sized array argument 'new String , [1/7] groovy git commit: Avoid call to 'toArray()' with pre-sized array argument. Repository: groovy Updated Branches:  There are two styles to convert a collection to an array: either using a pre-sized array (like c.toArray(new String[c.size()])) or using an empty array (like c.toArray(new String[0]). In older Java versions using pre-sized array was recommended, as the reflection call which is necessary to create an array of proper size was quite slow.