## KNN algo in matlab

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I am working on thumb recognition system. I need to implement KNN algorithm to classify my images. according to this, it has only 2 measurements, through which it is calculating the distance to find the nearest neighbour but in my case I have 400 images of 25 X 42, in which 200 are for training and 200 for testing. I am searching for few hours but I am not finding the way to find the distance between the points.

EDIT:
I have reshaped 1st 200 images in to 1 X 1050 and stored them in a matrix `trainingData`

of 200 X 1050. similarly I made `testingData`

.

Here is an illustration code for k-nearest neighbor classification (some functions used require the Statistics toolbox):

%# image size sz = [25,42]; %# training images numTrain = 200; trainData = zeros(numTrain,prod(sz)); for i=1:numTrain img = imread( sprintf('train/image_%03d.jpg',i) ); trainData(i,:) = img(:); end %# testing images numTest = 200; testData = zeros(numTest,prod(sz)); for i=1:numTest img = imread( sprintf('test/image_%03d.jpg',i) ); testData(i,:) = img(:); end %# target class (I'm just using random values. Load your actual values instead) trainClass = randi([1 5], [numTrain 1]); testClass = randi([1 5], [numTest 1]); %# compute pairwise distances between each test instance vs. all training data D = pdist2(testData, trainData, 'euclidean'); [D,idx] = sort(D, 2, 'ascend'); %# K nearest neighbors K = 5; D = D(:,1:K); idx = idx(:,1:K); %# majority vote prediction = mode(trainClass(idx),2); %# performance (confusion matrix and classification error) C = confusionmat(testClass, prediction); err = sum(C(:)) - sum(diag(C))

**k-Nearest Neighbors (kNN) Algorithm - File Exchange,** -k-NN classifier: classifying using k-nearest neighbors algorithm. kNN classifier (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/63621-knn-classifier), Understanding the knn (classification) algorithm in MATLAB I'm still not very familiar with using MATLAB so I apologize if my question seems a bit dumb. I'm trying to learn the K-NN classification, and my professor said I should start with MATLAB.

If you want to compute the Euclidean distance between vectors `a`

and `b`

, just use Pythagoras. In Matlab:

dist = sqrt(sum((a-b).^2));

However, you might want to use `pdist`

to compute it for all combinations of vectors in your matrix at once.

dist = squareform(pdist(myVectors, 'euclidean'));

I'm interpreting columns as instances to classify and rows as potential neighbors. This is arbitrary though and you could switch them around.

If have a separate test set, you can compute the distance to the instances in the training set with `pdist2`

:

dist = pdist2(trainingSet, testSet, 'euclidean')

You can use this distance matrix to knn-classify your vectors as follows. I'll generate some random data to serve as example, which will result in low (around chance level) accuracy. But of course you should plug in your actual data and results will probably be better.

m = rand(nrOfVectors,nrOfFeatures); % random example data classes = randi(nrOfClasses, 1, nrOfVectors); % random true classes k = 3; % number of neighbors to consider, 3 is a common value d = squareform(pdist(m, 'euclidean')); % distance matrix [neighborvals, neighborindex] = sort(d,1); % get sorted distances

Take a look at the `neighborvals`

and `neighborindex`

matrices and see if they make sense to you. The first is a sorted version of the earlier `d`

matrix, and the latter gives the corresponding instance numbers. Note that the self-distances (on the diagonal in `d`

) have floated to the top. We're not interested in this (always zero), so we'll skip the top row in the next step.

assignedClasses = mode(neighborclasses(2:1+k,:),1);

So we assign the most common class among the k nearest neighbors!

You can compare the assigned classes with the actual classes to get an accuracy score:

accuracy = 100 * sum(classes == assignedClasses)/length(classes); fprintf('KNN Classifier Accuracy: %.2f%%\n', 100*accuracy)

Or make a confusion matrix to see the distribution of classifications:

confusionmat(classes, assignedClasses)

**k-nearest neighbor classification - MATLAB,** Program to find the k - nearest neighbors (kNN) within a set of points. 3.8 hello, I am imputing some square matrices, but this algorithm is not working. I though knnsearch includes all nearest neighbors whose distances are equal to the k th smallest distance in the output arguments. To specify k, use the 'K' name-value pair argument. Idx and D are m -by- 1 cell arrays such that each cell contains a vector of at least k indices and distances, respectively. Each vector in D contains distances

yes, there is a function for knn : knnclassify

Play around with the number of neighbors you want to keep in order to get the best result (use a confusion matrix). This function takes care of the distance, of course.

**kNN classifier - File Exchange - MATLAB Central,** To create a search object, use createns . Algorithms. For information on a specific search algorithm, see k-Nearest Neighbor Search KNN algo in matlab. Ask Question Asked 7 years, 11 months ago. K Nearest-Neighbor Algorithm. 1. WEKA Cut off value for kNN and Dynamic Time Warping. 1.

**K Nearest Neighbors - File Exchange - MATLAB Central,** K Nearest Neighbor Implementation in Matlab In this tutorial, we are going to implement knn algorithm. % You have to implement knn in two differnt ways: %. % In this tutorial, we are going to implement knn algorithm. % % Our aim is to see the most efficient implementation of knn. % % You have to implement knn in two differnt ways: % % 1) with two loops % % 2) without any loop % % %

**Find k-nearest neighbors using input data,** These difficulties can be overcome by using computer aided face recognition techniques. In this paper we use the KNN algorithm and compare our results with the I implemented K-Nearest Neighbours algorithm, but my experience using MATLAB is lacking. I need you to check the small portion of code and tell me what can be improved or modified. I hope it is a correct implementation of the algorithm.

**K-Nearest Neighbor: Nearest Neighbor in MATLAB #K ,** K-nearest neighbors (KNN) algorithm is a type of supervised ML algorithm which can be used for both classification as well as regression predictive problems. However, it is mainly used for classification predictive problems in industry. The following two properties would define KNN well − Lazy learning algorithm − KNN is a lazy learning

##### Comments

- can't open your link, if you search for 'upload file' you'll find plenty of alternatives for hosting
- I want to find the distances between the points so I can apply k-nn algo.
- Thank you Sir. I told you I have
`trainingData`

of order 200 X 1050. which means 200 are total images and 1050 are dimensions of image (which is actually 25 X 42). my question to you is how I can replace`trainClass = randi([1 5], [numTrain 1]);`

with my code. - @user1420026: those are the class targets (label of each instance) which must be giving when performing classification (supervised learning)..
- this is my label data
`labelData = zeros(200,1); labelData(1:100,:) = 0; labelData(101:200,:) = 1;`

. So how to use it here ? - @user1420026: those are exactly the labels of the training data:
`trainData = labelData;`

. Then do the same for the testing data (if you have them -- test labels are only required if you want to measure the performance of the classifier as I did in the part of the code) - is there any function for knn ? actually I want to train my system
- You "train" (not necessary actually, unless you want to know and compare the performance on the training set) KNN by calculating the distances. You compute all the pairwise distances, then you find the K instances nearest (lowest distance) to the instance you want to classify. Assign the most common class among these neighbors to the instance.
- Well, I expanded my answer with an explanation of the entire knn process. And without any for loops!
- @Junuxx: when you have separate train/test data, you should use PDIST2 to compute all pairwise distances between points in the test set against point in the training set
- @Amro: Good suggestion, wasn't aware of
`pdist2`

but I'll update my answer :) - Doesn't really answer the question how to find the distances and doesn't clarify how knn works either, but otherwise a nice and simple solution :)
- KNN is the simplest machine learning algorithm! K for "how much closest neighbors to keep around the individual you consider", keep the class which is the more present among those neighbors, and the distance, basically it is euclidean distance... beside, user1420026 explicitely asked for a "function for knn".
- To be honest, OP didn't ask for a knn function clearly in the question, only in a later comment. But unless this is homework or some learning project,
`knnclassify`

is probably the most convenient thing for OP to use. So +1 for useful function and link with examples :)