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I have a class inside a class like this:

class Robot(object):
      def __init__(self): = 'ganken'
       class Speaker(object):

Let’s say I want to access from Speaker, how do I do that

You can make Speaker a sub class of Robot:

class Robot(object):
    def __init__(self): = 'ganken'

class Speaker(Robot):
    def get_name(self):

When you make an instance of Speaker, it will now have the name ganken associated with it.

s = Speaker



You could have also called and it would have still returned 'ganken', but usually you want to define functions in your class to get and set different attributes of your class (look up getters and setters if you want more information).

I might have misunderstood your question. If you want to access the name of a instance of a Robot class in your Speaker class (and don't necessarily want to make Speaker a subclass of Robot), you could define your class as:

class Robot(object):
    def __init__(self): = 'ganken'

class Speaker(object):
    def get_robot_name(self, robot):

Notice that you can pass a robot instance into the get_robot_name function in this example.


r = Robot()
s = Speaker()


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You could try the following where you create a speaker object in the Robot class if you are looking for a nested class solution. But i don't know what is the reason for you to do this though.

Try this assuming Python3 environment:

class Robot(object):
    def __init__(self): = 'ganken'
        self.speaker = self.createSpeaker()

    def createSpeaker(self):
        return Robot.Speaker(self)

    class Speaker:
        def __init__(self,robot):
            self.robot = robot
        def say_name(self):
            return f'Name: {}'

robot = Robot()

Variables and scope, How do you pass a variable from one class to another in python? how to access module level variable in class. Python Forums on Bytes.

Try the below:


Just call it then access it

Output is:


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  • Why are you nesting classes? It offers no advantage in Python.
  • There is no You only define name on an instance. For this question to mean anything, you have to show what you're trying to do.
  • And don't forget to indent your code properly.
  • Thanks a lot, I’m studying python through my senior code and there are a bunch classes inside class which make me confused a little bit, but I got my answer now.