Extract directory from path

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In my script I need the directory of the file I am working with. For example, the file="stuff/backup/file.zip". I need a way to get the string "stuff/backup/" from the variable $file.

dirname $file

is what you are looking for

Extract directory from path, Im trying to extract a directory from a path entered by the user Lets say the path is path=/home/bliss/files/myfile.txt i wanna extract "/home/bliss/files" from \\$path  Method #2: Extract the directory name from a full path using bash/ksh shell. The $ character is used for parameter expansion, and command substitution. You can use it for manipulating and/or expanding variables on demands without using external commands such as sed or awk. To remove from shortest rear (end) pattern:

dirname $file

will output

stuff/backup

which is the opposite of basename:

basename $file

would output

file.zip

Extract directory from a file path, To extract filename and extension in Bash use any one of the following method: basename /path/to/file.tar.gz .gz – Strip directory and suffix from  hi, I have a file path like usr/scripts/pass/bin and usr/scripts/pass/line I want to extract first three characters using sed Like for path usr/scripts/pass/bin i want to extract usr/scripts/pass and for path usr/scripts/pass/line i want to extract usr/scripts/pass (10 Replies)

Using ${file%/*} like suggested by Urvin/LuFFy is technically better since you won't rely on an external command. To get the basename in the same way you could do ${file##*/}. It's unnecessary to use an external command unless you need to.

file="/stuff/backup/file.zip"
filename=${1##*/}     # file.zip
directory=${1%/*}     # /stuff/backup

It would also be fully POSIX compliant this way. Hope it helps! :-)

Bash get basename of filename or directory name, Use the shell's suffix removal feature. str=/opt/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/​bin/tnslsnr path=${str%/*} echo "$path". In general  Extract filename from full path with VBA code Easily split cell contents into rows or columns by space, comma, new linein Excel Kutools for Excel 's Split Cells utility helps you easily split cell contents by space, comma, new line or other separators into separated rows or columns in Excel.

For getting directorypath from the filepath:

file="stuff/backup/file.zip"
dirPath=${file%/*}/
echo ${dirPath}

how to extract path from file location using shell, How do I get the path of a directory in Python? The path to retrieve the directory information from. ReadOnlySpan < Char > Directory information for path, or an empty span if path is null, an empty span, or a root (such as, C:, or \server\share).

Simply use $ dirname /home/~username/stuff/backup/file.zip

It will return /home/~username/stuff/backup/

Python Directory & File Management, it as a bytes object, we use the method getcwdb(). If you are working with a FileInfo object, then there is an easy way to extract a string representation of the directory's full path via the DirectoryName property. Description of the FileInfo.DirectoryName Property via MSDN: Gets a string representing the directory's full path.

Determining Your Current Directory with pwd, How do I find the path of a directory in Linux? string folder = new FileInfo("C:\folder\foo.txt").DirectoryName; Is there a function that can be used in unmanaged C++ to extract the path from the filename? c++ file directory. Share a link to this question. improve this question. asked Jun 18 '10 at 17:02. 118 silver badges. 159 bronze badges. active oldest votes.

How to Delete a File in Python, How do you remove a filename from a path in Python? The Split-Path cmdlet returns only the specified part of a path, such as the parent folder, a subfolder, or a file name. It can also get items that are referenced by the split path and tell whether the path is relative or absolute. You can use this cmdlet to get or submit only a selected part of a path. Examples. Example 1: Get the qualifier of a path

Path.GetDirectoryName Method (System.IO), is in the default directory). The ease with which you can perform this task is almost scary because it's too easy. Powershell: Get parent directory name from file or directory path. by TechiBee on August 23, 2015. In this post, you will see various options for extracting folder name from given file or directory path. This is generally useful in many ways as you work more with file and folders. Let us proceed to see how we can achieve this.

Comments
  • +1, beat me to it. would have been quicker but was prompoted to enter more than dirname $file
  • dirname "$file", rather. Without the quotes this will misbehave if the file or directory name has spaces.
  • fml, the question should be extract absolute dir from file, how do I do that? dirname yields relative path I guess
  • I figured Matt would be able to figure it from there (man dirname) :)
  • I think we are all Matt's here. Just a guess. But I was just trying to distinguish my answer from yours. =)
  • Yeah, I do use basename a lot too, it's very nifty =) But I could just not find anything about returning the file's dir on google! I guess I wasn't looking up the right words. Hah, all 3 of us Matt's? :D
  • Consider adding the necessary quotes to ensure that these commands work with names containing spaces (glob characters, etc).
  • There is one case where dirname has an advantage over the (more efficient) built-in approach, and that's if you aren't certain that your path is fully-qualified to start with. If you have file=file.zip, dirname "$file" will return ., whereas ${file%/*} will return file.zip.
  • ...of course, you can branch: case $file in */*) dir=${file%/*};; *) dir=.;; esac is still POSIX-y and addresses the issue.