How can I check out a single file from GitHub without cloning the whole repository?

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On a production machine I want to check out a specific file at a specific revision from GitHub to facilitate database migration. I don't want to checkout (or even clone) the whole source code repository (because this is my production environment). How can I pull only the file I am looking for?

I do this with for backbones like so

curl -O https://raw.github.com/documentcloud/backbone/master/backbone-min.js

How do you clone a Git repository into a specific folder?, How do I clone a Git repository to a specific folder? I believe GitHub has a separate "download" feature they want people to use instead (but I do not know whether it will support downloading a single file). The workaround is to clone the entire repository (!) and then pull out the file of interest.

As far as I can tell, downloading a single file from a git repository served over http is currently impossible. I believe GitHub has a separate "download" feature they want people to use instead (but I do not know whether it will support downloading a single file).

The workaround is to clone the entire repository (!) and then pull out the file of interest. Here's a bash function which does the job:

git-cat() {
    if  [ -z "$1" -o -z "$2" ]; then
        echo "Usage: git-cat REPO_URL FILE [BRANCH]"
        exit 1
    fi
    tmprepo=`mktemp -d -t gitrepo.XXXXXX`
    reponame=$1
    filename=$2
    branchname=$3
    if [ -z "$branchname" ]; then
        branchname="master"
    fi
    git clone -nq $reponame $tmprepo &&
    git --git-dir $tmprepo/.git show ${branchname}:${filename} &&
    rm -rf $tmprepo
}

How can I checkout or download single file from Gi, If it's just a single file, you can go to your GitHub repo, find the file in question, click on it, and then click "View Raw", "Download" or similar to obtain a raw/downloaded copy of the file and then manually transfer it to your target server. Removing sensitive data from a repository If you commit sensitive data, such as a password or SSH key into a Git repository, you can remove it from the history. To entirely remove unwanted files from a repository's history you can use either the git filter-branch command or the BFG Repo-Cleaner open source tool.

My solution is like in first post. But I try to explain a bit more. There is a "Raw" button on GitHub for every file - it will show just plain text in browser. Also, you can use that url.

For example, I have repo https://github.com/MasterSergius/conf_files.git And I want to get my .vimrc file, so here the link to my file: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/MasterSergius/conf_files/master/.vimrc I do think, that by this template you even can guess file url by repo and file full pathname. So, now I can download it with curl:

curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/MasterSergius/conf_files/master/.vimrc -o ~/.vimrc

How to pull one file from a Git repository instead of the entire project , git checkout FETCH_HEAD - - <file>. FETCH_HEAD How do I force Git to overwrite local files on pull? 389,941 There is no generally-applicable way to get a single file from a remote Git repository without git clone -ing the whole repository. How to extract a single file with its history from a git repository. These steps show two less common interactions with git to extract a single file which is inside a subfolder from a git repository. These steps essentially reduce the repository to just the desired files and should performed on a copy of the original repository (1.).

clone - How to retrive a single file from github using git, Either download your file directly from here or clone the whole project ginatra), you can use it to download single file ('raw' or 'plain' view). Fortunately, if any collaborator has a local clone of the repository with the missing commit, they can push it back to GitHub. They need to make sure the commit is referenced by a local branch and then push it as a new branch to GitHub. Let's say that the person still has a local branch (call it B) that contains the commit. This might be tracking the branch that was force pushed or deleted and they simply haven't updated yet.

Is it possible to clone only part of a git project?, mkdir <repo> cd <repo> git init git remote add -f origin <url> Now you need to define which files/folders you want to actually check out. --no-checkout" git rev-​list --all --quiet --objects --missing=print echo echo "# Git checkout fails without internet" mv . This will clone a specific folder and remove all history unrelated to it. This will give you a history of that single file, and you can right-click on any point in time for that file and select 'Reset File to this Commit'. Because a Git commit only has entries for files that actually changed, you do have to find a commit that included that file to be able to get a context menu for it.

How to Use Git Shallow Clone to Improve Performance, Cloning an entire repo is standard operating procedure using Git. from thousands of commits, you can select a particular depth to pull. git checkout --​orphan freshBranch git add -A git commit git branch -D By pruning your repos, you can improve cloning performance without needing to use git shallow  In this way, the pattern matching becomes quite expensive as the sparse-checkout file grows and the number of files in your repository grows, too. In fact, it grows quadratically. If there are N patterns and M files in your repository, then to checkout your repository, Git has to try each of the N patterns against each of the M files to look for a match.

Comments
  • Already solved for sure: stackoverflow.com/questions/610208/… stackoverflow.com/questions/692246/… stackoverflow.com/questions/6580641/… stackoverflow.com/questions/1125476/…
  • All of the above are mostly irrelevant, except stackoverflow.com/questions/1125476/… , but unfortunately you can't use --remote=<repo> with GitHub (groups.google.com/group/github/browse_thread/thread/…).
  • This helped me, thank you! I also looked more into CURL, and if you replace the -o flag with -O, it will use the filename from the server without you needing to explicitly specify the local filename, with the tradeoff that you must run the command from within the destination folder. You can also have it iterate over multiple files using {thing1,thing2,etc} in the filename. Between these two options, I was able to download a set of CSV seed data files for a class project very quickly.