How do you import a file in python with spaces in the name?

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Do I have to take out all the spaces in the file name to import it, or is there some way of telling import that there are spaces?

You should take the spaces out of the filename. Because the filename is used as the identifier for imported modules (i.e. foo.py will be imported as foo) and Python identifiers can't have spaces, this isn't supported by the import statement.

If you really need to do this for some reason, you can use the __import__ function:

foo_bar = __import__("foo bar")

This will import foo bar.py as foo_bar. This behaves a little bit different than the import statement and you should avoid it.

dealing with spaces in file names, Let's say I have a module named "Excellent Module.py" How would I import that into a script? I'm guessing it will involve the imp module  If the script name refers directly to a Python file, the directory containing that file is added to the start of sys.path, and the file is executed as the main module. Source: Python 2 and 3. Let’s recap the order in which Python searches for modules to import: built-in modules from the Python Standard Library (e.g. sys, math)

If you want to do something like from foo_bar import * (but with a space instead of an underscore), you can use execfile (docs here):

execfile("foo bar.py")

though it's better practice to avoid spaces in source file names.

How to import a module with spaces in the name - Python, import subprocess subprocess.Popen(['start' The fact that the file name has a space in it is probably not the problem; using subprocess.Popen to launch  Watch it together with the written tutorial to deepen your understanding: Absolute vs Relative Imports in Python If you’ve worked on a Python project that has more than one file, chances are you’ve had to use an import statement before.

You can also use importlib.import_module function, which is a wrapper around __import__.

foo_bar_mod = importlib.import_module("foo bar")

or

foo_bar_mod = importlib.import_module("path.to.foo bar")

More info: https://docs.python.org/2/library/importlib.html

How do I get python to open a file but the filename has spaces in it , Today while debugging the build of Python 3.2 with Visual Studio, I ran into a caveat with invoking programs on Windows from directories with spaces in their name. import os cmdline = r'"D:\temp\Spaces dir\dumpfile.bat"  A local import is when you import a module into local scope. When you do your imports at the top of your Python script file, that is importing the module into your global scope, which means that any functions or methods that follow will be able to use it.

Just to add to Banks' answer, if you are importing another file that you haven't saved in one of the directories Python checks for importing directories, you need to add the directory to your path with

import sys
sys.path.append("absolute/filepath/of/parent/directory/of/foo/bar")

before calling

foo_bar = __import__("foo bar")

or

foo_bar = importlib.import_module("foo bar")

This is something you don't have to do if you were importing it with import <module>, where Python will check the current directory for the module. If you are importing a module from the same directory, for example, use

import os,sys
sys.path.append(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)))
foo_bar = __import__('foo_bar')

Hope this saves someone else trying to import their own weirdly named file or a Python file they downloaded manually some time :)

On spaces in the paths of programs and files on Windows, The result is an object of the same type, if a path or file name is returned. Note However, you can also import and use the individual modules if you want to  To import a specific Python file at ‘runtime’ with a known name: import os import sys scriptpath = "../Test/MyModule.py" # Add the directory containing your module to the Python path (wants absolute paths) sys.path.append(os.path.abspath(scriptpath)) # Do the import import MyModule

11.1. os.path — Common pathname manipulations, import os. """ Renames the filenames within the same directory to be Unix friendly Dear all. i want to write simple script that change entire file name in folder to  So, for instance, if we declare the name of a file as “Test File,” that name would be considered an argument. The syntax to open a file object in Python is: file_object = open(“filename”, “mode”) where file_object is the variable to add the file object.

Python script to rename files in directory, transforming spaces to , It requires two arguments, first the file path or file name, second which mode it from setuptools import find_packages, setup setup(name = 'factorial', version Let us try to write an application which will count the spaces, tabs, and lines in any  How would you then import the above data into Python? You may follow the steps below to import an Excel file into Python. Steps to Import an Excel File into Python using pandas Step 1: Capture the file path. First, you’ll need to capture the full path where the Excel file is stored on your computer. In my case, I stored the Excel File on my Desktop:

File handling, import os, sys import shutil import win32api # # Create a folder in the temp area with a space # in it; copy the notepad executable there and # create a text file which where the # first call doesn't return the full path name of, # say, notepad.​exe. Extracting text from a file is a common task in scripting and programming, and Python makes it easy. In this guide, we'll discuss some simple ways to extract text from a file using the Python 3 programming language. Make sure you're using Python 3. Reading data from a text file. Reading text files line-by-line. Storing text data in a variable.

Comments
  • Could you show some code please? Normally Python has no problem with spaces in filenames. (Oh wait, unless you're talking about the import statement, in which case Python doesn't support spaces in module names.)
  • Just to add, in Python 3 it would be exec(open("foo bar.py", "r").read())