What does "other" mean in python?

So i just started learning object oriented programming in python 3 and i came across the "__add__" method and i don't understand what " other " is and what it does. I tried to look on the internet for an answer but i found nothing, here is an example of my code:

import math

class MyClass:

    def __init__(self, x, y):
        self.x = x
        self.y = y
    def __add__(self, other):
        f = self.x + other.x
        e = self.y + other.y

what " other " is and what it does.

It is the name of a parameter. The parameter other is (for example) another instance of MyClass. Take the following example:

a = MyClass(1, 2)
b = MyClass(3, 4)
# the next line calls MyClass.__add__ on the instance a
c = a + b 

In this case a is self and b is other.

The code for __add__ in your example is incomplete, it should really return a new MyClass instance.

def __add__(self, other):
    f = self.x + other.x
    e = self.y + other.y
    return MyClass(f, e)

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other in this case is called a "parameter". A parameter is kind-of like a "hole" in a function definition that you can later fill with a concrete value called an "argument".

For example, in

def foo(a, b):
    return a + b

a and b are parameters to the function foo, and when you call

foo(3, 5)

then 3 and 5 are arguments which are bound to the parameters, such that for this particular invocation of the function, the code that is executed is

3 + 5

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  • If you create an instance from MyClass for example with name m and if you wanna add another number to m, other will hold that number or object in m + another_obj.
  • feel free to accept an answer