Calling Python in Java?

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I am wondering if it is possible to call python functions from java code using jython, or is it only for calling java code from python?

Jython: Python for the Java Platform - http://www.jython.org/index.html

You can easily call python functions from Java code with Jython. That is as long as your python code itself runs under jython, i.e. doesn't use some c-extensions that aren't supported.

If that works for you, it's certainly the simplest solution you can get. Otherwise you can use org.python.util.PythonInterpreter from the new Java6 interpreter support.

A simple example from the top of my head - but should work I hope: (no error checking done for brevity)

PythonInterpreter interpreter = new PythonInterpreter();
interpreter.exec("import sys\nsys.path.append('pathToModules if they are not there by default')\nimport yourModule");
// execute a function that takes a string and returns a string
PyObject someFunc = interpreter.get("funcName");
PyObject result = someFunc.__call__(new PyString("Test!"));
String realResult = (String) result.__tojava__(String.class);

Calling Python from Java, The Javabridge loads a Java class, org.cellprofiler.javabridge.CPython, that can be used to execute Python code. The class can be used within Java code called​  From intro programming to machine learning. All first chapters are free.

Hey I thought I would enter my answer to this even though its late. I think there are some important things to consider first with how strong you wish to have the linking between java and python.

Firstly Do you only want to call functions or do you actually want python code to change the data in your java objects? This is very important. If you only want to call some python code with or without arguments, then that is not very difficult. If your arguments are primitives it makes it even more easy. However if you want to have java class implement member functions in python, which change the data of the java object, then this is not so easy or straight forward.

Secondly are we talking cpython or will jython do? I would say cpython is where its at! I would advocate this is why python is so kool! Having such high abstractions however access to c,c++ when needed. Imagine if you could have that in java. This question is not even worth asking if jython is ok because then it is easy anyway.

So I have played with the following methods, and listed them from easy to difficult:

Java to Jython

Advantages: Trivially easy. Have actual references to java objects

Disadvantages: No CPython, Extremely Slow!

Jython from java is so easy, and if this is really enough then great. However it is very slow and no cpython! Is life worth living without cpython I don't think so! You can easily have python code implementing your member functions for you java objects.

Java to Jython to CPython via Pyro

Pyro is the remote object module for python. You have some object on a cpython interpreter, and you can send it objects which are transferred via serialization and it can also return objects via this method. Note that if you send a serialized python object from jython and then call some functions which change the data in its members, then you will not see those changes in java. You just need to remember to send back the data which you want from pyro. This I believe is the easiest way to get to cpython! You do not need any jni or jna or swig or .... You don't need to know any c, or c++. kool huh?

Advantages: Access to cpython, not as difficult as following methods

Disadvantages: Cannot change the member data of java objects directly from python. Is somewhat indirect, (jython is middle man).

Java to C/C++ via JNI/JNA/SWIG to Python via Embedded interpreter (maybe using BOOST Libraries?)

OMG this method is not for the faint of heart. And I can tell you it has taken me very long to achieve this in with a decent method. Main reason you would want to do this is so that you can run cpython code which as full rein over you java object. There are major major things to consider before deciding to try and bread java (which is like a chimp) with python (which is like a horse). Firstly if you crash the interpreter that's lights out for you program! And don't get me started on concurrency issues! In addition, there is allot allot of boiler, I believe I have found the best configuration to minimize this boiler but still it is allot! So how to go about this: Consider that C++ is your middle man, your objects are actually c++ objects! Good that you know that now. Just write your object as if your program as in cpp not java, with the data you want to access from both worlds. Then you can use the wrapper generator called swig (http://www.swig.org/Doc1.3/Java.html) to make this accessible to java and compile a dll which you call System.load(dll name here) in java. Get this working first, then move on to the hard part! To get to python you need to embed an interpreter. Firstly I suggest doing some hello interpreter programs or this tutorial Embedding python in C/C. Once you have that working, its time to make the horse and the monkey dance! You can send you c++ object to python via [boost][3] . I know I have not given you the fish, merely told you where to find the fish. Some pointers to note for this when compiling.

When you compile boost you will need to compile a shared library. And you need to include and link to the stuff you need from jdk, ie jawt.lib, jvm.lib, (you will also need the client jvm.dll in your path when launching the application) As well as the python27.lib or whatever and the boost_python-vc100-mt-1_55.lib. Then include Python/include, jdk/include, boost and only use shared libraries (dlls) otherwise boost has a teary. And yeah full on I know. There are so many ways in which this can go sour. So make sure you get each thing done block by block. Then put them together.

Three ways to run Python programs from Java - Python, We start by making a Java String prg, which contains our Python program, this string is saved on to the file "test1.py". Next, we run the Python  You can easily call python functions from Java code with Jython. That is as long as your python code itself runs under jython, i.e. doesn't use some c-extensions that aren't supported. If that works for you, it's certainly the simplest solution you can get.

It's not smart to have python code inside java. Wrap your python code with flask or other web framework to make it as a microservice. Make your java program able to call this microservice (e.g. via REST).

Beleive me, this is much simple and will save you tons of issues. And the codes are loosely coupled so they are scalable.

Welcome to Py4J, 2.5 uses the same regression test suite as CPython, with some minor modifications. Calling Python from Java¶ The Javabridge loads a Java class, org.cellprofiler.javabridge.CPython, that can be used to execute Python code. The class can be used within Java code called from the Python interpreter or it can be used within Java to run Python embedded in Java.

When will Jython support Python 3?, You can use Java Runtime.exec() to run python script, As an example first create a python script file using shebang and then set it executable. Calling Java from Python; Python and ElasticSearch; Python daemon (background service) Python: print stack trace after catching exception; Python: logging in a library even before enabling logging; Python atexit exit handle - like the END block of Perl; Python: traversing dependency tree; Creating PDF files using Python and reportlab

Here a library that lets you write your python scripts once and decide which integration method (Jython, CPython/PyPy via Jep and Py4j) to use at runtime:

https://github.com/subes/invesdwin-context-python

Since each method has its own benefits/drawbacks as explained in the link.

How to execute a python file with few arguments in java?, But our web application is Java. Now, I need to call these Python scripts from my web application supplying some data and run time parameters. What is the best  Java is supposed to be platform independent, and to call a native application (like python) isn't very platform independent. There is a version of Python (Jython) which is written in Java, which allow us to embed Python in our Java programs.

Embedding Python in Java using Jython, Developing a new file “~/python/pythonjava.py” with the following content: import xy; from stat import *; print "Python Script Call on Java Apps"; package  I new to python and want to call python script from java class. For this using python interpreter and able to do so. For this using python interpreter and able to do so. But want to call a particular python method from java class.

Right way to call Python code from Java : java, That's why Python. Which options do you have if you want to call some Python code from your Java Application? Runtime and ProcessBuilder. JPServe: Calling Python from JAVA Jpserve provides a simple and high performance way to execute Python script in JAVA. It includes PyServe and JClient API. PyServe is an execute server running on Python side and listening the execute requests from JAVA.

How to call Python script from Java, Py4J enables Python programs running in a Python interpreter to dynamically access Java Py4J also enables Java programs to call back Python objects. I want to call a function from a python module from Java using "PythonInterpreter" and here's my Java code PythonInterpreter interpreter = new PythonInterpreter(); interpreter.exec("import sys sys. Stack Overflow

Comments
  • Please take a look on similar question and read the answer. bytes.com/topic/python/answers/…
  • I've installed JYthon, or i assume i did, and I keep trying to run the code that you outlined but it highlighted as a mistake. Does the installion of Jython need to go to a specific folder, either in the python or java folders?
  • There aren't any error, i'm just having a hard time integrating Jython into Netbeans
  • If there's no error it would work, so that's obviously not the case ;) "Error" does not mean runtime error, could be a compile error as well.
  • My bad, it was a poor use of the word. I was trying to add the jython.jar to my project and netbeans. I figured it out though
  • Python 2 end of Life is 1.1.2020 and Jython only supports Python 2.7. so no Jython is basically dead. Best (simplest) Option is the Jep lib
  • Here a library that lets you write your python scripts once and decide which integration method (Jython, CPython via Jep and Py4j) to use at runtime: github.com/subes/invesdwin-context-python Since each method has its own benefits/drawbacks
  • @subes that project looks awesome I wrote this a while ago. I encourage you to write an answer I would upvote it. I dislike the top answer haha because I don't think it provides much useful information outside of a google search.
  • I created a separate answer
  • does this answer smell to "this should be the accepted answer" or is it just me ? ;-)
  • This project doesn't have any release.
  • @ChristianSchlichtherle invesdwin-context-python version 1.0.0 is not available; thanks to this little gem: github.com/loewenfels/dep-graph-releaser
  • Any language that itself can be called from c that is. Well ok python can, but Jython is a much simpler solution there really (or using the PyInterpreter in j6+). It's not that trivial to write the code to call python functions from c.