VBA get the last day of the month
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I am pretty new to VBA. I have a range of dates and I need to write a code that will change the date in the cell to the last day of the month, used in a cell.
For example, if the date in the cell is
28/03/2018 I want it to be replaced by
31/03/2018. Any idea how I can do that?
You can also get the result you need with one line of code thanks to the Eomonth formula:
Range("A1") = Excel.Application.WorksheetFunction.EoMonth(Range("A1").Value2, 0)
VBA - Access - Get the last day of month, You can also get the result you need with one line of code thanks to the Eomonth formula: Range("A1") = Excel.Application.WorksheetFunction. Using a zero for the day argument of the DateSerial function causes VBA to return the last day of the month. Note that you have to add 1 to the month argument to get the end of the current month, otherwise DateSerial would return the last day of the previous month.
You can use a user-defined function
GetLastDayOfMonth() and pass the range you are interested in:
Option Explicit Public Function GetLastDayOfMonth(ByVal myDate As Date) As Date GetLastDayOfMonth = DateSerial(Year(myDate), Month(myDate) + 1, 0) End Function Public Sub TestMe() Range("A1") = DateSerial(2000, 11, 11) If Range("A1") = GetLastDayOfMonth(Range("A1")) Then Debug.Print "LAST DAY!" End If Range("A1") = DateSerial(2000, 12, 31) If Range("A1") = GetLastDayOfMonth(Range("A1")) Then Debug.Print "LAST DAY! " & Range("A1") Range("A1") = DateAdd("d", 1, Range("A1")) End If End Sub
The function checks the month and the year of the date, which is passed and it returns a new date, which is the last day of the month for this specific month and year.
Then in the
TestMe version, you can compare a given date with the last day of the month, generated by the function. If the dates are the same, then this date is the last day of the corresponding month. Using
DateAdd() it is possible to get the next day of the lastDay.
In the example above, I have explicitly written Range("A1") 9 times, thus it is probably easier to follow.
VBA get the last day of the month, This is a macro code for using a VBA user define function to get the last day of the month. You just need to copy it into your VBA editor. In your worksheet, type “=LastD(” and insert a date for the month or refer to a cell. And, if you want last day of the current month then simply left it blank using brackets. To get the last day of the month, we use the built-in VB function DateSerial, which returns a date value for a specified year, month, and day. The function expects three arguments (a year, a month, and a day). Later, we use the built-in Day function to figure out the actual value of the last day of the month.
First, if you just want the last day of the month in Excel, use the =EOMONTH function, or see this SO post for the vba code: VBA Run Macro Last Day of the Month
Rolling your own date time code is a bad idea. Don't do it.
The Top 3 Ways To Get End of the Month Date in Excel [Incl , I'm looking for the VBA equivalent of this Excel formula: Code: Copy to Which gives me the SerialDate # of the last day of last month. Maybe a combo of That's why I keep getting to the idea of a custom function. I'm hoping There is another method to find the last day of the current month, that is by using the DATE function. Enter the formula in cell C2 =DATE(YEAR(A2),MONTH(A2)+1,0) Copy down the formula from cell C2 to the range C3:C10. You will get the desired result . To get the last day of the next month, the formula in cell C2 would be =DATE(YEAR(A2),MONTH(A2)+2,0)
This VBA function will calculate the last day of the month:
Public Function LastDay(ByVal d As Date) Dim returnDate As Date 'First day of current month returnDate = DateSerial(Year(d), Month(d), 1) 'Forward a month returnDate = DateAdd("m", 1, returnDate) 'back one day returnDate = DateAdd("d", -1, returnDate) LastDay = returnDate
Works by jumping to the beginning of the month, adding a month then subtracting a day (so 1st Feb->1st Mar->28 Feb)
VBA Formula for: Last Day of Last Month, Returns the serial number for the last day of the month that is the Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) calculates serial dates differently than Excel. and feedback for guidance about the ways you can receive support and The 2nd argument (months) of the EOMONTH function allows you to get the last day of the month in future or past months. When you use zero for months, EOMONTH will return the last day of the month in the same month.
To get it really short you can use:
Sub test() Dim myDate As Date myDate = #3/28/2018# Debug.Print DateSerial(Year(myDate), Month(myDate) + 1, 0) End Sub
WorksheetFunction.EoMonth method (Excel), This Excel Tutorial demonstrates how to use the Excel EOMONTH Function in Excel to find the last day of the month, n months away, with formula examples. Instead we can find the first day of next month and then minus 1 day. Access is very clever that when you add 1 month to December, the year also adds 1, so this trick also works for year end. The formula below returns the last date of current month.
EOMONTH Function, Find end of month day date for any month or input date. Formula in this page will get you last date of the month & also create list of dates with end date. And then copy the follow VBA code to the window. VBA: Get end of month date. Function LastDayInMonth(Optional pDate As Date = 0) As Date 'Updateby20140723 If pDate = 0 Then pDate = VBA.Date LastDayInMonth = VBA.DateSerial(VBA.Year(pDate), VBA.Month(pDate) + 1, 0) End Function 3. Save and close the window.
Find Last Day of Month - Excel Formula & VBA, How do I get the last day of the month in Excel? To get the last working day in a month, you can use the WORKDAY function together with the EOMONTH function. In the example, the formula in C4 is: Working from the inside out, the EOMONTH function gets the last day of month of any date. To this result, we add 1, which results in the first day of the next month.
Last Day of the Month in Excel, . Note: the EOMONTH function returns the serial number of the date. VBA Tip: How Many Days in a Month You can use the following formula to calculate the number of days in a month or determine the last day in a month: Sub nb_days_month()
- I would go to the next month and then one day back...
dateserial(year("Value from the cell"),month("Value from the cell")+1,1)-1You may not need the VBA at all, just formulas in Excel
- The Application.WorksheetFunction is a nice trick. Didn't know about that.