How can I manage users' sessions when I use web services?

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In case if user works with web application via web browser, the user's session is managed by application server. It takes care of sessions creation, validation, timeouts, disposings, etc.

And as far as I know there is no such mechanisms in the other case, if user works with app via remote client and uses SOAP web services.

So the question is, how can we manage users' sessions in case of web services and implement the same mechanisms of session management such as invalidation, prolongation, disposing?

Assuming you use JAX-WS and SOAP/HTTP it is possible to work with container managed security (and e.g. session cookies) as well. You just have to inject WebServiceContext in your service. It allows access to all HTTP environment variables:

@Resource
WebServiceContext wsContext;

A detailed example is available here. Of course, your clients must support this as well (if they are JAX-WS based it works). Nevertheless, a rule of thumb is that web services should not maintain any state at all, they should behave stateless. See this on SO.

Edit: You can access the ServletRequest by:

@WebMethod
public void foo() {
    final MessageContext mc = this.wsContext.getMessageContext();
    final ServletRequest sr = mc.get(MessageContext.SERVLET_REQUEST);

    /* works if this is a HTTP(s) request */
    if (sr != null && sr instanceof HttpServletRequest) {
        final HttpServletRequest hsr = (HttpServletRequest) sr;
        hsr.getSession(true);

        /* ... */

    } else {
        /* do some exceptional stuff */
    }

}

The session created above should behave in exactly the same way as a 'standard' web session. You must make sure that your clients understand that as well. They have to submit the session identifier (cookie) on each subsequent call.

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I think you are talking about how to maintain web-services session(state-full web-services). In this case following link can help you: https://blogs.oracle.com/sujit/entry/ws_addressing_and_stateful_webservice

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Comments
  • So if I not mistaken I can only get context with help of WebServiceContext. Is it possible, for example, create new session and somehow store it container?
  • @sainr: If I remember correctly - yes. I'll modify my answer.
  • Thanks a lot for your answer, I'll try it.
  • @home So then applications utilizing a WS as the back-end maintain their session solely through the front-end e.g. localStorage?
  • I thought using browser storage was bad because it can overwritten by other applications using it, and it has to be encrypted, whereas on the server, it won't be overwritten
  • Thank you for your answer, the link above is quite helpful.
  • @jaxb Link is dead now.