Is any way to add 2 arrays into one?

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Is there any simple univesal way to add 2 arrays into one? In the case below it is not possible simply use C := A + B statement... I would like to avoid making algorhytm for it everytime .

TPerson = record
    Birthday: Tdate;
    Name, Surname:string;

Tpeople = array of TPerson;

var A, B, C:Tpeople;

C:=A+B; // it is not possible


Due to the two string fields in each TPerson record, you can't just use binary "move", since you'll mess the reference counting of string - especially in a multi-threaded environment.

You can do it manually - this is fast and nice:

TPerson = record
  Birthday: TDate;
  Name, Surname: string;

TPeople = array of TPerson;

var A, B, C: TPeople;

// do C:=A+B
procedure Sum(const A,B: TPeople; var C: TPeople);
var i, nA,nB: integer;
  nA := length(A);
  nB := length(B);
  for i := 0 to nA-1 do
    C[i] := A[i];
  for i := 0 to nB-1 do
    C[i+nA] := B[i];

Or you can use our TDynArray wrapper, which has a method for handling such cases:

procedure AddToArray(var A: TPeople; const B: TPeople);
var DA: TDynArray;
  DA.AddArray(B); // A := A+B

The AddArray method can add a sub-port of the original array:

/// add elements from a given dynamic array
// - the supplied source DynArray MUST be of the same exact type as the
// current used for this TDynArray
// - you can specify the start index and the number of items to take from
// the source dynamic array (leave as -1 to add till the end)
procedure AddArray(const DynArray; aStartIndex: integer=0; aCount: integer=-1);

Note that with such records, it will use the System._CopyRecord RTL function, which is not so optimized for speed. I've written a faster version - see this blog article or this forum thread.

If you use dynamic arrays in functions/procedures, don't forget to use explicitly const or var parameters (as I coded above), otherwise it will make a temporary copy at each call, therefore it may be slow.

How To Concatenate Arrays in NumPy?, is of the shape 6 x 3, i.e. 6 rows and 3 columns. Is there any simple univesal way to add 2 arrays into one? In the case below it is not possible simply use C := A + B statement I would like to avoid making algorhytm for it everytime . TPerso

There is nothing built in that allows dynamic arrays to be concatenated.

You may consider using one of the generic container classes found in Generics.Collections, TList.

In your case you would have 3 instances of TList, say A, B and C. Then you could write


I think this is as close as you can get to what you want with what is delivered out of the box.

If you are prepared to do a bit of coding yourself then you could make use of operator overloading to use the exact syntax you requires. Declare a record containing an array of TPerson with private visibility. You then need to implement an Add operator, a Count property and a default Items[] property. This could be made generic too so you only need write it once.

TTurboArray = record<T>
  FItems: array of T;
  //property accessors here
   class operator Add(a, b: TTurboArray<T>): TTurboArray<T>;
   property Count: Integer read GetCount write SetCount;
   property Items[Index: Integer]: T read GetItem write SetItem; default;

This idea can be extended into a very powerful data structure as you see fit.

Merge Two Arrays without Duplicate Values in PHP?, How can I merge two arrays in PHP without duplicates? Add two numbers represented by two arrays Given two array A[0….n-1] and B[0….m-1] of size n and m respectively, representing two numbers such that every element of arrays represent a digit. For example, A[] = { 1, 2, 3} and B[] = { 2, 1, 4 } represent 123 and 214 respectively.

There is a quick-and-dirty way to do this. It is a terrible hack, but it should work and even take care of reference counting:

function ConcatPeople(const A, B: TPeople): TPeople;
  Temp: TPeople;
  ALen, BLen: Integer;
  Result := Copy(A);
  BLen := Length(B);
  if BLen = 0 then
  ALen := Length(A);
  Temp := Copy(B);
  SetLength(Result, ALen + BLen);
  Move(Temp[0], Result[ALen], BLen * SizeOf(B[0]));
  FillChar(Temp[0], BLen * SizeOf(B[0]), 0);

In effect, the data in Temp are "swapped" with the empty records in Result, so the balance is maintained and refcounting will keep on working.


For what it is worth: This is aparently the same technique as used in this accepted SO answer and in, e.g. TList<T>.Insert. I had deleted this answer, but I still think it is valid, so I undeleted it again. It could do with a lock around the Move/FillChar block, so no one accesses the items when they are being "swapped". I'll add that.

2 Ways to Merge Arrays in JavaScript, The concat() method is used to join two or more arrays. This method does not change the existing arrays, but returns a new array, containing the values of the joined arrays. The result after running it through the method should be: {3, b, 9, c, 1, a, 4, 2, 1, 8} I'm talking about ArrayList Here is what I have so far: I have managed to merge the two arrays into one, I just don't know how to start on getting it to alternate the elements.

Here's how I handled it, though it required a slight (but hopefully immaterial to you) modification to your original code to use TArray:

(tested in XE2)


  TArrayExt = class(TArray)
    class function Concat<T>(const First, Second: array of T): TArray<T>; overload;

class function TArrayExt.Concat<T>(const First, Second: array of T): TArray<T>;
  i: Integer;
  l: Integer;
  l := Length(First);
  SetLength(Result, l + Length(Second));
  for i := Low(First) to High(First) do
    Result[i] := First[i];
  for i := Low(Second) to High(Second) do
    Result[l + i] := Second[i];

  TPerson = record
    Birthday: TDate;
    Name, Surname: String;

  TPeople = TArray<TPerson>;

  A, B, C: TPeople;
  C := TArrayExt.Concat<TPerson>(A, B);

The main difference here is that I use "TArray" rather than "array of TPerson". This can be used for arrays strings, records, etc. I find the main benefit of doing it this way is that it's truly making a copy rather than a move. And I am using the "normal" Delphi functions instead of things like bulk memory copies, which can give me the willies.

Of course, if you were doing this in a tight loop and needed the performance, this way might not be best for you. But I think this is the best for most other situations, especially in terms of maintenance and readability.

(Unless someone posts a comment about how there's some horrible hidden memory leak here. Hopefully not!)

JavaScript Array concat() Method, Some languages allow you to concatenate arrays using the addition operator, but JavaScript Array objects actually have a method called concat that allows you to take an array, combine it with another array, and return a new array. As you can see this creates a new array that is the combination of arr1 and arr2. It is much like linear algebra. If you ever need to add a sum two arrays together where one has more elements than the other, than you need to initialize the resulting array with the size as the same as the largest array’s length.

You code works fine in the newest version of delphi C := A+B;.

But for dynamic arrays in older versions you can use the function concat. Example:

C := Concat(A, B);

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