Centering in CSS Grid

css grid vertical-align text
css grid support
css grid vertical center
css grid justify-content
css grid align-self
css grid center last row
grid-row
grid-template

I'm trying to create a simple page with CSS Grid.

What I'm failing to do is center the text from the HTML to the respective grid cells.

I've tried placing content in separate divs both inside and outside of the left_bg and right_bg selectors and playing with some of the CSS properties to no avail.

How do I do this?

html,
body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

.container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: 1fr 1fr;
  grid-template-rows: 100vh;
  grid-gap: 0px 0px;
}

.left_bg {
  display: subgrid;
  background-color: #3498db;
  grid-column: 1 / 1;
  grid-row: 1 / 1;
  z-index: 0;
}

.right_bg {
  display: subgrid;
  background-color: #ecf0f1;
  grid-column: 2 / 2;
  grid_row: 1 / 1;
  z-index: 0;
}

.left_text {
  grid-column: 1 / 1;
  grid-row: 1 / 1;
  position: relative;
  z-index: 1;
  justify-self: center;
  font-family: Raleway;
  font-size: large;
}

.right_text {
  grid-column: 2 / 2;
  grid_row: 1 / 1;
  position: relative;
  z-index: 1;
  justify-self: center;
  font-family: Raleway;
  font-size: large;
}
<div class="container">
  <!--everything on the page-->

  <div class="left_bg">
    <!--left background color of the page-->
  </div>
</div>

<div class="right_bg">
  <!--right background color of the page-->
</div>

<div class="left_text">
  <!--left side text content-->
  <p>Review my stuff</p>

  <div class="right_text">
    <!--right side text content-->
    <p>Hire me!</p>
  </div>
</div>

CSS Grid: Justification and Alignment ← Alligator.io, I can use the align-items property on the grid container, to align the items using one of the following values: auto; normal; start; end; center; stretch  The align and justify properties in CSS will allow you to center and align items relative to their containing grid area in a comprehensive way with less code than trying to align the items with other layout methods.

You can use flexbox to center your text. By the way no need for extra containers because text is considered as anonymous flex item.

From flexbox specs:

Each in-flow child of a flex container becomes a flex item, and each contiguous run of text that is directly contained inside a flex container is wrapped in an anonymous flex item. However, an anonymous flex item that contains only white space (i.e. characters that can be affected by the white-space property) is not rendered (just as if it were display:none).

So just make grid items as flex containers (display: flex), and add align-items: center and justify-content: center to center both vertically and horizontally.

Also performed optimization of HTML and CSS:

html,
body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

.container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: 1fr 1fr;
  grid-template-rows: 100vh;
  
  font-family: Raleway;
  font-size: large;
}

.left_bg,
.right_bg {
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
}

.left_bg {
  background-color: #3498db;
}

.right_bg {
  background-color: #ecf0f1;
}
<div class="container">
  <div class="left_bg">Review my stuff</div>
  <div class="right_bg">Hire me!</div>
</div>

Box alignment in CSS Grid Layout, In this tutorial, you will learn about centering and aligning items in CSS Grid. Use the align property for vertical axis and justify - for horizontal. CSS Grid: Justification and Alignment. With CSS grid layout, the grid itself within its container as well as grid items can be positioned with the following 6 properties: justify-items, align-items, justify-content, align-content, justify-self and align-self.

Do not even try to use flex; stay with css grid!! :)

https://jsfiddle.net/ctt3bqr0/

justify-self: center;
align-self: center;

is doing the centering work here.

If you want to center something that is inside div that is inside grid cell you need to define nested grid in order to make it work. (Please look at the fiddle both examples shown there.)

https://css-tricks.com/snippets/css/complete-guide-grid/

Cheers!

Centering and Aligning Items in CSS Grid, Today I was tweeting about a new CSS property I discovered: place-items . It is a simple shorthand for align-items and justify-content – that's at  Box alignment in CSS Grid Layout The two axes of a grid layout. When working with grid layout you have two axes available Aligning items on the Block Axis. The align-self and align-items properties control alignment on Justifying Items on the Inline Axis. As align-items and align-self deal

Try using flex:

Plunker demo : https://plnkr.co/edit/nk02ojKuXD2tAqZiWvf9

/* Styles go here */

html,
body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

.container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: 1fr 1fr;
  grid-template-rows: 100vh;
  grid-gap: 0px 0px;
}

.left_bg {
  background-color: #3498db;
  grid-column: 1 / 1;
  grid-row: 1 / 1;
  z-index: 0;
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
  align-items: center;

}

.right_bg {
  background-color: #ecf0f1;
  grid-column: 2 / 2;
  grid_row: 1 / 1;
  z-index: 0;
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
  align-items: center;
}

.text {
  font-family: Raleway;
  font-size: large;
  text-align: center;
}

HTML

    <div class="container">
  <!--everything on the page-->

  <div class="left_bg">
    <!--left background color of the page-->
    <div class="text">
      <!--left side text content-->
      <p>Review my stuff</p>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="right_bg">
    <!--right background color of the page-->
    <div class="text">
      <!--right side text content-->
      <p>Hire me!</p>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

A Complete Guide to Grid, Grab the entire FREE course, starter files and finished solutions over over at https​://CSSGrid.io Duration: 11:59 Posted: May 14, 2018 To make an HTML element behave as a grid container, you have to set the display property to grid or inline-grid. Grid containers consist of grid items, placed inside columns and rows. The grid-template-columns Property

You want this?

html,
body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

.container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: 1fr 1fr;
  grid-template-rows: 100vh;
  grid-gap: 0px 0px;
}

.left_bg {
  display: subgrid;
  background-color: #3498db;
  grid-column: 1 / 1;
  grid-row: 1 / 1;
  z-index: 0;
}

.right_bg {
  display: subgrid;
  background-color: #ecf0f1;
  grid-column: 2 / 2;
  grid_row: 1 / 1;
  z-index: 0;
}

.text {
  font-family: Raleway;
  font-size: large;
  text-align: center;
}
<div class="container">
  <!--everything on the page-->

  <div class="left_bg">
    <!--left background color of the page-->
    <div class="text">
      <!--left side text content-->
      <p>Review my stuff</p>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="right_bg">
    <!--right background color of the page-->
    <div class="text">
      <!--right side text content-->
      <p>Hire me!</p>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

CSS grid will soon be the shortest way to center elements, The justify-content property is used to align the whole grid inside the container. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. There are many ways to center an element vertically in CSS. A simple solution is to use top and bottom padding : I am vertically centered.

CSS GRID: Alignment + Centering, The CSS Grid allows you to quickly and easily position and align your content with breeze Duration: 20:47 Posted: Jan 18, 2018 Centering an element in CSS is a task that is very different if you need to center horizontally or vertically. In this post I explain the most common scenarios and how to solve them. If a new solution is provided by Flexbox I ignore the old techniques because we need to move forward, and Flexbox is supported by browsers since years, IE10 included.

CSS Grid Container, The vertical-align property has no effect on flex or grid items, and therefore if used as part of a fallback strategy, will cease to apply the minute the  Vertical centering is a bit trickier in CSS. Is it inline or inline-* elements (like text or links)? Is it a single line? Sometimes inline / text elements can appear vertically centered, just because there is equal padding above and below them.

The Ultimate CSS Grid Positioning Tutorial, Centering Blocks of Content With CSS Blocks of content are created by using the HTML <div> element. The most common way to center blocks with CSS is to set both the left and right margins to auto.

Comments
  • Please check the link w3.org/Style/Examples/007/center.en.html, I hope it will be helpful.
  • Hi Michael, I was wondering if it's possible just by using grid to resize each column to the size of the smallest column in the row?
  • @TheCodesee, that may be possible, depending on all your requirements.. Do you have a code sample? Or consider posting a new question with all the details.
  • is grid-container & grid-item are HTML tags?
  • They are custom HTML tags. You can create your own tags, as I did for this demo. stackoverflow.com/q/36380449/3597276 @pro.mean
  • This is a wonderful answer, thank you. It made me realize, in your two first examples, that between flex and grid, align-items stays the same but for some reason justify-content becomes justify-items
  • I was wondering about the nested grids. Thanks for showing me how its done I guess. So you think flex should be avoided with grid or is it fine to combine?
  • Its fine to combine but you need to be sure that you are using right tool for the job. Find some time and watch Rachels presentation, that will clarify alot for you in topic of css grid. youtu.be/3vJE3bVoF-Q
  • The problem with this approach occurs when you're using borders on the grid items...
  • This can be shortened by place-self: center;.
  • Not quite. The text should be vertically aligned too.
  • Use .text{ font-family: Raleway; font-size: large; text-align: center; -webkit-transform: rotate(-90deg); -moz-transform: rotate(-90deg); }